National Repository of Grey Literature 94 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with Low Back Pain
Zonn, Alexandra ; Maršáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Dušánek, Tomáš (referee)
Author: Alexandra Zonn Title: Case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient with low back pain Objectives: The aim of this bachelor thesis is to consolidate and summarize theoretical information related to the issue of the pain in the lumbar area of the spine. Listing out appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic methods and approaches. Elaboration of a case study report of physiotherapeutic care for a patient according to given difficulties. Methods: Physiotherapeutic methods and procedures, achieved during my three-year study experience of physiotherapy at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, at Charles University, were applied while elaborating a current case study report. Summary: Current Bachelor's thesis was developed on the basis of completing a continuous professional practice at the University Hospital Královské Vinohrady in the period from 6.1. to 31.1.2020. The first part of the work is general and summarizes theoretical issues related to the issue of the pain in the lumbar area of the spine. The second part of the work is devoted to the elaboration of a case study report of a patient according to given difficulties. The case study report was constructed from the initial and final examination, process of the therapy and the final evaluation of the results. Keywords:...
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Th/L Junction Stabilization
Martinková, Markéta ; Maršáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Hamouzová, Dita (referee)
Autor: Markéta Martinková Title: Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Th/L Junction Stabilization Objectives: The main aim of this thesis is to gain theoretical knowledge about anatomy, biomechanics, spine construction and injury mechanisms. This bachelor thesis is dedicated to a solution to spine injuries, whether it's surgical or conservative. Common physiotherapeutic procedures used in the treatment of spinal injuries will be mentioned. Special part of this thesis is dedicated to physiotherapy care of a patient after spinal injury and after following stabilization of Th/L junction stabilization. I was working on this special part during my professional experience in the field. Key words: spine, stabilization, physiotherapy, case report
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Total Knee Replacement
Trombi, Osama Ali ; Maršáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Kučerová, Ilona (referee)
Title of the Thesis: Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after Total Knee Replacement. Author: Osama Ali Trombi Work Placement: Rehabilitační Nemocnice Beroun Summary I divided the bachelor's thesis, which I wrote myself, into two parts. The first is the general part, which describes the overall anatomy of the knee joint (bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves and blood supply), as well as surgical and non-surgical approaches to the treatment of the knee joint. Furthermore, information on the kinesiological and biomechanical properties of the knee joint. In the second part, the practical part, I analyzed the procedures I performed with the patient. All clinical examinations including their results, subsequent therapeutic sessions, final assessment and results of conclusions are also included in the practical part of the bachelor thesis. The final part contains a list of used literature, tables, abbreviations, patient consent and the consent of the ethics committee. Key Words: knee joint, physiotherapy treatment, Knee replacement, knee exercises, Osteoarthritis.
Comparison of performance of pediatric patients with diagnosis of cystic fibrosis before and after a lung transplantation
Chrz, Josef ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Maršáková, Kateřina (referee)
Title: Comparison of performance of pediatric patients with diagnosis of cystic fibrosis before and after a lung transplantation. Objectives: To compare selected parameters of pediatric patients as an index of physical condition in time before and 1 year after transplantation. To compare a group of patients that undergone longtherm intensive physiotherapeutic treatment before transplantation with group of patients that did not using spirometric parameters FVC, FEV1 and BMI. To compare subjective signs of dyspnea between these groups using selected questionnaires. Methods: This theses was attended by 15 probands (7 boys and 8 girls) in age between 12 and 18 years. The data were collected by using selected dyspnea questionares and by using hospital documentation files taking place at the Motol University Hospital. The data were statistically analysed using Jamovi programme, mostly using correlations and paired T- test, and graphically analysed by using MS Excel programme. Results: We found changes of spirometric parameters in the level of significance of p < 0,001 (FEV1) and p = 0,003 (FVC) after transplantation in comparison with time before transplantation. Group that undergone longtherm intensive physiotherapeutic treatment before lung transplantation showed more physiological spirometric values...
Psychosomatic in vertebrogenic disease
Bezděková, Anna ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Maršáková, Kateřina (referee)
Title: Psychosomatic in vertebrogenic disease Objectives: The aim of this master thesis is to determine common features of vertebrogenic disease in conection with psychosomatics using literary research, and to describe the treatement options for this disease used in literal sources. The first searched common feature is the most common localization of pain. Other searched common feature is the prevalence of gender and age. The last searched common feature is treatement option for psychosomatic vertebrogenic disease according to specialised literature. Methods: This master thesis is designed in a form of literary research. All studies and articles presented in this thesis were searched according to the following criteria: search in Czech or English language, search in electronic databases of Bibliographia Medica Čechoslovaca (BMČ), Medline (OIVID), PubMed and Google Scholar. The following keywords were used for the search: Psychosomatika, vertebrogenní onemocnění, bolest zad, deprese, úzkost, stres, bederní páteř, hrudní páteř, krční páteř, psychosomatická onemocnění a bolest zad, Psychosomatics, vertebrogenic diseases, back pain, depression, anxiety, stress, lumbar spine, thoracic spine, cervical spine, psychosomatic disorders and back pain. These sought sources are directly related to...
The Influence of Virtual Reality on Psychosomatic State of Patients with Spinal Cord Injury
Nosková, Kateřina ; Pánek, David (advisor) ; Maršáková, Kateřina (referee)
The Aim of the Study: The aim of this diploma thesis is to capture the change of clinical state of patients with spinal cord injury while watching videos of virtual reality fot three 3 months using ASIA assessment. The goal is to determine the effect of the change of clinical state on the patient's quality of life while using SQUALA and on their imagery ability (WIAQ) while a therapeutic video of virtual reality is regularly played through virtual reality headset. Methods: The research was conducted with 7 probands (n=7, 5 males, 2 females) aged between 31 and 61 years (the average age of 49,6 years), which regular visitors of Centrum Paraple, o. p. s. The propands who participated in research suffer with incomplete spinal lesion. Before any intervention the probands were assessed by ASIA, standardised assessment to estimate neurological level of spinal lesion by assigning the number of motor and sensitive points in each segment. The assessment was conducted by proffessional and specificly trained staff of Centrum Paraple, o. p. s. Furthermore the probands completed the psychological questionnaires to evaluate their quality of life (SQUALA) and imagery ability of the movement (WIAQ) in the pacient with spinal cord injury. As in the beginnig, so in the end of the research the ASIA was conducted once...
The influence of foot position on the size of the Q angle in patients with painful knee joint syndromes
Zimová, Barbora ; Malá, Jitka (advisor) ; Maršáková, Kateřina (referee)
Author: Bc. Barbora Zimová Title: The influence of foot position on the size of the Q angle in patients with painful knee joint syndromes Objectives: This master thesis aims to assess the effect of the foot on the position of the knee joint, particularly whether the degree of flat-footedness affects the Q angle and whether an active foot correction can change this angle. Furthermore, this thesis aims to compare whether painful knee joint syndromes affect these parameters in any way. Methods: A group of 40 probands with a total average age of 27 years and a unilateral painful knee joint syndrome, at least 6 months apart from incidental injuries/surgeries, underwent a complex clinical examination with a focus on the researched aspects associated with knee joint problems. This was followed by the making of a plantogram - - an examination of the pressure distribution of the foot by a machine from the company Pedikom, taking a photograph to evaluate the Q angle and the orientation of the talus position, complementing the qualitative evaluation of the sole image. An active correction of the foot position was then performed along with a simple exercise to support the longitudinal arch of the foot by activating the myofascial chains associated with it. The two examinations were then repeated. The...
Effectiveness of mechanical correction and active exercises of fifth finger deformity therapy - Tailor's bunion.
Vokatá, Lucie ; Malá, Jitka (advisor) ; Maršáková, Kateřina (referee)
Title: Effect of mechanical correction and active exercise in the treatment of deformity of the fifth toe - Tailor's bunion Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to identify the effect of mechanical correction and active physiotherapeutic intervention in the treatment of deformity Tailor's bunion. Methods: This is a quantitative-qualitative experimental study involving 10 probands aged 19 to 25 with flexible Tailor's bunion deformity, 6 out of 10 probands had bilateral deformity and the remaining probands unilateral deformity. In this thesis, passive intervention in the form of mechanical axial correction of V. MTP joint by strapping tape was used and active intervention in the form of selected active exercise aimed at evaluating (identifying) the effect on selected foot parameters. The participants were randomly divided into two groups of five. Group 1 was subjected to active therapeutic intervention and Group 2 was subjected to passive therapeutic intervention for 4 weeks. Before and after the therapeutic intervention, the probands were examined clinically, followed by a postural stability test in static standing on the tensometric plate RS Footscan ® Balance and pressure distribution testing of individual foot segments while walking on a Footscan Gait plate. At the end of the examination we did...
Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with pain in the medial part of the left calf
Mazzola, Elisabetta ; Maršáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Kozderková, Romana (referee)
"Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with Pain in the Medial Part of the Left Calf" The following Bachelor thesis took place at the outpatient rehabilitation department of the Central Military Hospital, in Prague, for a period of two weeks. The aim of this work is, firstly, to present a theoretical overview about the area of the body subject to the patient's complain, exploring the leg and the triceps surae from an anatomical and kinesiological perspective. Then the muscular pathological finding that is the most probable cause of the patient's pain is investigated. The second part of the thesis concerns the practical work performed in hospital and wants to show if and how the initial physical condition displayed by the patient can change through the application of appropriate physiotherapeutic procedures, which are based on the results of examinations and on the investigation of the possible causes of the triceps surae pain. The 30-year old patient showed pain to the touch in a restricted area of the medial aspect of the left triceps surae that was also tense and swollen. It corresponded to the location of a myofascial trigger point in the gastrocnemius. Not only the left gastrocnemius was problematic but many other muscles of the lower extremities and the trunk showed hypertonicity,...
The Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after total hip replacement
Šašková, Vlasta ; Maršáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Hamouzová, Dita (referee)
Title: The Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient after total hip replacement. Objectives: The main aim of this work was to summarize theoretical and practical knowledge about total hip replacement and to process a case study of a patient with this diagnosis. Methods: This work consists of two main parts - general and special part. The general part contains information about hip joint anatomy and kinesiology, coxarthrosis, congenital hip dysplasia, total hip replacement and rehabilitation after total hip replacement. A special part is processed in the form of a case study of a patient after implantation of total hip replacement. It includes anamnesis, entry kinesiological examination, goals of short-term and long-term therapeutic plan, description of therapeutic units, outcome kinesiological examination and a final evaluation of the effect of therapy. Results: The goals of the short-term therapeutic plan were fulfilled. During the therapy, soft tissues were relaxed, the muscle tone of the hypertonic muscles was reduced, the range of motion in the joints of the lower limbs increased, the joint play restored, the weakened muscles strengthened, the shortened muscles stretched and the gait improved. Keywords: total hip replacement, arthroplasty, hip joint, coxarthrosis, physiotherapy, case study

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