National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Methodology for ecosystem accounting at the national level
Vačkářů, Dava ; Grammatikopoulou, Ioanna ; Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana
The aim of this document is to provide methodological framework for ecosystem accounting at the national level. Ecosystem accounting is a coherent and integrated approach to the assessment of the environment through the measurement of ecosystems, and measurement of the flows of services from ecosystems into economic and other human activity. Therefore, ecosystem accounting enables to account for the supply and use of ecosystem services within the system of national environmental statistical accounts.This methodology provides framework for the measurement of ecosystem services flows from the environment to the economy, supply of ecosystem services by ecosystem units, use of ecosystem services by economic sectors, and accounting for monetary value of ecosystem service flows and assets. The methodology presents examples of ecosystem accounts and describes their structure. The methodology should support development and implementation of ecosystem accounts within satellite environmental accounts of System of Environmental and Economic Accounting (SEEA) and serve as a reference for methodological developments in experimental ecosystem accounting
Assessing ecosystem services and the alternatives of their future development in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves
Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Vačkářů, Devin (advisor) ; Cudlínová, Eva (referee) ; Pechanec, Vilém (referee)
The provision of ecosystem services within social-ecological systems is influenced by multiple environmental and anthropogenic driving forces, affecting natural ecosystems. At the same time, the capacity of ecosystems to concurrently provide different types of ecosystem services is inherently limited. Thus, ecosystem changes and their effect on ecosystem services have direct implications for human existence and well-being. The aim of this thesis is to present a modelling approach to assess regulating, provisioning and cultural ecosystem services and to quantify their potential trade-offs, illustrated by two case studies carried out in selected UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in the Czech Republic, Třeboň Basin Biosphere Reserve and Šumava Biosphere Reserve. Both of the selected case study areas are characterized by high levels of natural and cultural assets and challenges regarding future landscape management. In this study, first the social-ecological dynamics within the study areas was analysed by creating participative scenarios through collaboration with local stakeholders, eliciting their preferences regarding future landscape development to 2050. Second, the impact of the scenarios on ecosystem services and their trade-offs were assessed using a combination of spatially explicit models and...
Spatial heterogeneity of heaps and plant and soil development
Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Frouz, Jan (advisor) ; Matějíček, Luboš (referee)
Spatial heterogeneity is an important ecological factor influencing the species diversity of a community. Research of spatial heterogeneity was carried at a spoil heap in a brown coal mining district near Sokolov, the Czech Republic. The study site was located in a non-reclaimed part of the spoil heap with a characteristic microrelief, consisting of terrain waves. This part of spoil heap has been overgrown by spontaneous vegetation. A detailed model of microrelief was made and soil pH of microhabitats and the distribution of wooden vegetation were mapped. The results suggest that spatial heterogeneity of the microrelief strongly influences the spatial heterogeneity of soil qualities. Three main sources of the spatial heterogeneity of soil qualities were identified: (1) the features of dumped substrate, (2) local transport and (3) the abundance of wooden vegetation. Spatial heterogeneity of microrelief also influences the way of vegetation establishment and leads to an irregular tree distribution. Wooden vegetation tends to establish at the north, leeward side of the wave and on the steeper slopes, the lengths of which are around 5 meters. Soil pH on individual waves and microhabitats is influenced by both microrelief and the number of wooden vegetation. Spatial heterogeneity of microrelief...
Sharing of Czech Experience: Piloting SEEA-EEA in the Kyrgyz Republic
Vačkář, David ; Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Sylla, Marta ; Grammatikopoulou, Ioanna ; Whitham, Charlote ; Emmer, Adam ; Pártl, Adam
The report summarises the activities conducted within the project “Sharing of Czech Experience: Piloting SEEA-EEA in the Kyrgyz Republic”. The project was led by the Department of Human Dimensions of Global Change, Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, with support from the Czech-UNDP Trust Fund (CTF). This 6-month project worked closely with several key stakeholders in the Kyrgyz Republic including primarily: The National Statistical Committee (NSC), The State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry (SAEPF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The aims of the project were to build capacity for experimental ecosystem accounting (SEEA EEA) in the form of three stakeholder consultation workshops and continuous project collaboration with Kyrgyz partners and experts, mapping and mobilizing available data sources for SEEA EEA, and compiling pilot experimental ecosystem accounts for the Kyzyl Unkur leshoz in collaboration with project partners in the Kyrgyz Republic.
Socioeconomic study for the establishment of the periurban park Confluence, Prague
Daněk, J. ; Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Lorencová, Eliška ; Sejková, A. ; Zelený, J. ; Vačkář, David
The aim of the study is to elaborate the socioeconomic analysis of the region at the confluence of the Vltava and Berounka rivers and proposing possible solutions for the shared governance of the peri-urban park (PP) in administratively divided region. The summary report contains results of the study as a qualitative sociological analysis to analyze the value attitudes of individual actors, communication barriers, designing models of governance and, the results of the questionnaires on the attitudes of the inhabitans. This socioeconomic study is part of a pilot project, the establishment of a suburban park Confluence, which is coordinated by The Prague Institute of Planning and Development (IPR).
Methodology for assessment of urban ecosystem services in the Czech Republic
Frélichová, Jana ; Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Pártl, Adam ; Vačkář, David
The methodology was created in response to international and national commitments and strategies, which aim to preserve and improve the quality of ecosystems and ecosystem services in urban areas. The methodology provides a framework and procedures for evaluating the role of green infrastructure in cities have not yet been processed in the Czech Republic. Applying the concept of ecosystem services in the purely urban environment represents in the Czech Republic a unique and innovative approach that will contribute to more effective operations of local public policies, especially in urban planning, sustainable development of society and the environment. The methodology contributes to the implementation of the strategic commitments in the Biodiversity Strategy and Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic.
Estimating values of urban ecosystem services in Kladno
Frélichová, Jana ; Pártl, Adam ; Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Vačkář, David
The benefits provided by urban nature have a substantial capacity to enhance human well-being. We quantify these benefits in the city of Kladno through the concept of ecosystem services by combining a value transfer method with surveys on citizen satisfaction and ecosystem services recognition. The results provide biophysical values of carbon sequestration and run-off and reveal stronger perception of benefits and higher preferences among citizens of Kladno for recreational services. Therefore, recreation is more suitable as a flagship service to encourage public participation than are such expert indicators as tonnes of carbon sequestered and increased run-off.
Methodology for developing long-term social-ecological monitoring (LTSER) in biosphere reserves in the Czech Republic
Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Rynda, I. ; Vačkář, David
The methodology sets out the basic assumptions and practices of long-term socio-ecological research (LTSER) in biosphere reserves in the Czech Republic. The aim of the methodology is to provide a basic framework for the research of socio-ecological systems in the Czech Republic and integrate the social dimension into long-term ecological research (LTER). Capturing the impacts of global change requires long-term monitoring of the development of basic indicators affecting the dynamics of socio-ecological systems. Given the crucial role of society in shaping the natural environment leads to greater integration of social and environmental sciences. The methodology provides basic approaches, indicators and methods for long-term socio-ecological research. The methodology establishes basic procedures that should help the long-term socio-ecological research in biosphere reserves.
Methodological framework for integrated assessment of ecosystem services in the Czech Republic
Vačkář, David ; Frélichová, Jana ; Lorencová, Eliška ; Pártl, Adam ; Harmáčková, Veronika Zuzana ; Loučková, Blanka
EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 requires Member States in 2014 to map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in its national territory. At the same time, the economic value of these services should be assessed (Goal 2, Action 5, Improve knowledge of ecosystems and their services in the EU). In connection with this commitment we present methodology, which aims to provide a coherent conceptual framework and basic principles for the assessment and valuation of ecosystem services in the Czech Republic. The aim of the methodology is providing basic principles and procedures for assessing and monitoring the status of ecosystem services, especially with regard to the preparation and implementation of the national assessment of ecosystem services. The methodological framework for the assessment of ecosystem services in the Czech Republic supports the Ministry of the Environment as the basis for the development of strategies and policies in the field of biodiversity conservation, especially in relation to Section 79, para. 2 (a) of the Act no. 114/1992 Coll., On Nature and Landscape Conservation, as amended.

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