Original title: Transformace revoluční armády v revoluční režim: empirická analýza
Translated title: From revolutionary armed forces to revolutionary regimes, empirical analysis of the transformation
Authors: Cuby, Alexandre ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Aslan, Emil (referee)
Document type: Master’s theses
Year: 2019
Language: eng
Abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the role that political ideologies plays in determining the target of insurgency movements. In order to understand how these groups operate, I use Janowitz's military establishment to apply it on the three main revolutionary ideologies of the 20th century, Khomeinism, Marxism/Leninism and Fanonian. Based on these analyses, I hypothesize the three main targets by ideology based on the clarity of the indoctrination and on the level of bureaucracy entailed in the revolutionary texts. I then proceed to compare these theories to three case studies, the Hezbollah, the FARC and finally the PKK. I try to offer an explanation on why religious insurgencies target most of their attacks towards rival factions or why nationalist left-wing groups are mostly focused on attacking security forces. I argue that a well-structured hierarchy, a reliance on the civil society and a clear definition of the political and military targets are quintessential to prevent civilian causalities. But contrarily to most papers on the topic, I find that a strict military discipline has the reversed result that expected. For instance, the FARC and the PKK have such a strict internal code of discipline that it led the members to desert the organizations by thousands and have civilians as...
Keywords: Fanonian; FARC; Hezbollah; Ideology; Khomeinism; Marxism; Military Establishment; PKK; Target Selection

Institution: Charles University Faculties (theses) (web)
Document availability information: Available in the Charles University Digital Repository.
Original record: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/110073

Permalink: http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-405932

The record appears in these collections:
Universities and colleges > Public universities > Charles University > Charles University Faculties (theses)
Academic theses (ETDs) > Master’s theses
 Record created 2019-10-19, last modified 2019-12-09

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