Název: An interpretation of the 'bombastic' Cham culture spindle whorls by an archaeological experiment
Autoři: Chylíková, Judita
Typ dokumentu: Příspěvky z konference
Konference/Akce: North European Symposium for Archaeological Textiles /13./, Liberec (CZ), 20170523
Rok: 2017
Jazyk: eng
Abstrakt: One group of artefacts characteristic of Cham culture are the so-called bombastic whorls. These spindle whorls each weigh about 100 g in biconical, bell-shaped or cylindrical forms. Their specific function has been discussed by Czech archaeologists and their connection to textile production questioned. The assumption that Cham culture was based on a pastoral economy led the 'bombastic' whorls to be traditionally associated with wool processing. This myth survived in Czech archaeological literature, even though agricultural production has long since been shown to be relevant to Cham culture and any connection between the 'bombastic' whorls and wool has no justification in terms of textile manufacturing. The aim of the experiments reported here was to disprove the relationship between 'bombastic' whorls and sheep's wool, and on the contrary, to demonstrate their suitability for the processing of vegetal fibres. For the purposes of the experiment, two sets of spindle whorls were documented: Cham culture whorls from the hill-top settlement of Velká skála and those of the Řivnáč culture from the hillfort Denemark. Řivnáč culture existed at the same time as Cham culture in the adjacent regions. Small spindle whorls, usually conical in shape, are typical for this culture. However, the Cham and Řivnáč whorls do not constitute two completely separate categories in terms of size, weight and shape. A representative sample of ten specimens was selected from the documented whorls and their duplicates were made. Five spinners spun wool, flax and linden bast. Besides the interpretation of the 'bombastic' spindle whorls, the aim of the experiment was to provide a better understanding of the relationship between the processed raw material, the spindle whorl used, and the quality of spun threads.
Klíčová slova: 'bombastic' whorls; Cham culture; Eneolithic; experiment; textile production; wool
Zdrojový dokument: Archaeological textiles - links between past and present. NESAT XIII, ISBN 978-80-7494-397-3

Instituce: Archeologický ústav, Praha AV ČR (web)
Informace o dostupnosti dokumentu: Dokument je dostupný v příslušném ústavu Akademie věd ČR.
Původní záznam: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0285190

Trvalý odkaz NUŠL: http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-383520

Záznam je zařazen do těchto sbírek:
Věda a výzkum > AV ČR > Archeologický ústav, Praha
Konferenční materiály > Příspěvky z konference
 Záznam vytvořen dne 2018-07-30, naposledy upraven 2020-03-27.

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