Original title: Mikroanatomické a mikrobiologické aspekty konzumace mikromycet druhem Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Acari: Acaridida)
Translated title: Consumption of some micromycetes by Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Acari: Acaridida) and its microanatomical and microbiological characteristics
Authors: Soukalová, Hana ; Smrž, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Hubert, Jan (referee)
Document type: Master’s theses
Year: 2008
Language: cze
Abstract: Mycophagy should not be considered as a single and homogeneous category of nutritional biology due to the specific symbiotic chitinolytic bacteria associated with mites and fungi. To test interaction amongmites, fungi, and chitinolytic bacteria, experiments were conducted on the model species Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank). Mucor sp, Alternaria alternata, Penicillium claviforme, P. griseofulvum, and Verticillium sp. were plated onto malt agar and offeredto T. putrescentiae in the laboratory. Mites were evaluated utilizing microanatomical examination based on histology, excrement analysis using fluorescence microscopy, bacterial plating, impact of mite homogenate on fungi in Petri dishes, reproduction of mites feeding upon each fungus, and isolation of associated bacteria inside mites. There were clear differences regarding the digested spores of different fungi passing through the gut and subsequently in the feces. Abundances of bacterial cells in excrement also corresponded to the fungi offered. The extracts from mites had chitinolytic activity, and the plated bacteria are known to produce exochitinases. The various feeding patterns observed were caused by differences in the cell wall structures of the tested fungi. The study illustrates that mycophagy in saprophagous mites does not consist of...

Institution: Charles University Faculties (theses) (web)
Document availability information: Available in the Charles University Digital Repository.
Original record: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11956/93447

Permalink: http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-370276


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Universities and colleges > Public universities > Charles University > Charles University Faculties (theses)
Academic theses (ETDs) > Master’s theses
 Record created 2017-12-07, last modified 2017-12-07


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