Original title: Natural compounds and their effect on 5-fluorouracil in colorectal cancer cell lines
Authors: Čumová, Andrea ; Opattová, Alena ; Vodenková, Soňa ; Horák, Josef ; Slíva, D. ; Vodička, Pavel
Document type: Papers
Conference/Event: Genetická toxikologie a prevence rakoviny, Telč (CZ), 20160511
Year: 2016
Language: eng
Abstract: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common type of cancer and the second most common cause of cancer related deaths in Europe. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is widely used in treatment of various cancers including CRC, but apart from the cytotoxic effect on cancer cells may also cause adverse toxic side effects. 5-FU is an anti-metabolite with chemical structure similar to that of the pyrimidine molecules of DNA and RNA. However, response to chemotherapy is often limited by drug resistance. The p53 protein is one of the most widely studied tumour suppressors and mutations in TP53 gene are frequently detected in different types of tumours. \nGanoderma Lucidum (GLC) is a mushroom used in Traditional Eastern Medicine which exhibits anti-cancer and anti-proliferative effects in vitro\nThe aim of our study is to define the role of p53 in the interaction between 5-FU and GLC extract and their simultaneous effect on survival in CRC cell lines.\nOur results suggest that GLC extract significantly increases cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of 5-FU in CRC lines with different p53 status and may potentially modulate the response of p53 knock-out cells which are less sensitive to 5-FU treatment. Interaction of conventional chemotherapeutics with natural compounds introduces a novel aspect in cancer research and therapy.\n\n
Keywords: 5-fluorouracil; colorectal cancer; DNA repair; drug resistance; natural compound; p53
Project no.: LH13061 (CEP), NV15-27580A (CEP)
Host item entry: Program a abstrakta. Genetická toxikologie a prevence rakoviny, ISBN 978-80-88038-04-7

Institution: Institute of Experimental Medicine AS ČR (web)
Document availability information: Fulltext is available at the institute of the Academy of Sciences.
Original record: http://hdl.handle.net/11104/0272424

Permalink: http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-354702

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Research > Institutes ASCR > Institute of Experimental Medicine
Conference materials > Papers
 Record created 2017-07-03, last modified 2017-09-01

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