National Repository of Grey Literature 189 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Monitoring fiber and protein intake in obese clients of a nutrition counseling center
Kekrtová, Magdaléna ; Pejšová, Hana (advisor) ; Weidenthalerová, Edita (referee)
The obesity epidemic is still a very topical problem and requires a comprehensive therapy that includes nutritional counselling. In my practical experience, the topic of protein and fibre tends to be very common with obese clients and I often observe less than appropriate choices in terms of protein sources. Fibre is not given much importance and therefore its adequate intake is not optimal. Therefore, the theoretical part aimed to summarize the current knowledge about obesity, protein and fibre. However, nutrition in obesity is summarised in a comprehensive way, taking into account other nutrients, but also micronutrients or drinking, which may also be significantly related to obesity. The theoretical summary of obesity was summarized rather marginally. In terms of treatment approaches, diet therapy, physical activity or psychotherapy are more approached. The importance of the nutritional therapist is not neglected. The practical part was quite comprehensive. The aim of the study was to assess dietary habits (qualitatively and quantitatively, focusing mainly on protein and fibre), body composition before and after the nutritional intervention and thus to evaluate the effect of the therapy. It was also intended to provide information on the original dietary habits of obese individuals in terms of...
Influence of beer protein on foam stability
Benda, David ; Štursa, Václav (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the influence of beer proteins, phenolic compounds, bitterness and selected metal ions on beer foam stability. The theoretical part describes beer foam from the physical aspect, beer foam stability and its measurement and the factors that positively or negatively influences the stability and quality of the beer foam. In the theoretical part are described selected proteins that influence beer foam. In theoretical part is described the origin and technological significance of proteins. The experimental part is dedicated to the measurement of beer foam stability with the NIBEM method, the analysis of total protein content, the analysis of total phenolic content, bitternes and element analysis of beer samples. Measured data indicated correlations between protein content, phenolic compounds content, bitterness and metal ions with the beer foam stability. The results show that proteins and phenolic compounds as isolated parameters don’t essentialy affect the beer foam stability. It was found out, that bitterness as isolated parameter influences the beer foam stability the most.
Production and characterization of protein isolates from different kinds of bran
Vybíral, Lukáš ; Diviš, Pavel (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the use of various types of bran as a by-product in the milling of cereals. Mills create a huge amount of this material per year. The most common way of processing bran is mostly incineration and to a lesser extent it is used as feed for livestock. Depending on the type of cereal, bran contains 10-20% of protein, which disappears from the food chain due to combustion. Within the framework of sustainability and valorisation of waste, which has recently been largely discussed, great emphasis is placed on waste minimization whether in the field of its production or further processing. Due to the relatively high protein content, bran appears to be a suitable starting material to produce protein supplements. Proteins can be extracted from bran based on their different solubility at different pH. In the alkaline method, the proteins are first dissolved in an alkaline pH and then precipitated in an acidic medium. Lyophilization is followed by characterization of the extract in terms of yield, protein content, moisture, amino acid profile and digestibility. The highest yield was obtained with the oat bran isolate (13,5 ± 0,6 g of isolate per 100 g of bran). In terms of protein content, the best protein isolate was also obtained from oat bran (95,2 ± 0,4% protein in the isolate). Another determination was the analysis of the amino acid profile, in which a high content of arginine was found in all analyzed protein isolates from bran. Determination of digestibility showed very good digestibility of all produced protein extracts from bran.
The assessment of basic chemical parameters of natural cheese
Školová, Dominika ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
The aim of this work was to determine basic chemical parameters of natural cheese, namely Camembert type (white mold cheese) and Emmentaler type (cheese with high-heat curd). Model samples of cheese were produced in a pilot plant using unpasteurized milk in"organic" quality. Based on the literature search following parameters suitable for simple and fast characterization of cheese composition were selected: dry matter (drying to constant weight), fat in dry matter (calculated), total nitrogen (resp. determination of protein content) by the Kjeldahl method and fats, resp. total lipids (extraction with solvent). The results were finally compared with samples of the corresponding cheese type purchased on the market.
Determination of total protein, carbohydrates and polyphenols in beer
Dostálová, Blanka ; Gregor,, Tomáš (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
This master‘s thesis deals with the analysis of 65 different beers, with a focus on finding differences between Czech tap ales, lagers Czech, Czech special beers and foreign beers. Czech beers were compared by the results of analysis among beers bearing the indication "Czech beer" and the group without this indication. The total amount of proteins, polyphenols and carbohydrates was determined using UV-VIS spectrometry. The history of brewing, the nature and types of Czech beers and protected geographical indication "Czech beer" were described. Raw materials for beer production and brewing technology have been listed and described. In the last part of the research, components of beer and the principle of the UV-VIS spectrometry have been specified. Th determination of total protein was performed using Hartree-Lowry method, which is based on two-component reagent. The first component is the biuret agent, the second component is the Folin-Ciocalteau reagent for phenols. Determination of the polyphenols has been carried out by the Folin-Ciocalteau reagent and total carbohydrates were determined spectrophotometrically according to the Analytica EBC using anthron agent. The results were statistically processed and evaluated in the final part.
The Study of Biopolymers Stability Using Light Scattering Techniques
Kratochvíl, Zdeněk ; Sedláček, Petr (referee) ; Kalina, Michal (advisor)
The stability of chosen biopolymers (or simple carbohydrates and amino acids) was in-vestigated using light scattering methods. Samples were prepared by dissolving the sub-stance in deionised water or in diluted acetic acid. Firstly, the effect of increasing concen-tration on zeta potential was observed and the optimal concentration for the next measure-ments was determined. Afterwards, the stability and the molecular weight of used sub-stances were studied during long-time storage in different time intervals. It was found out that chitosan, CMC, hyaluronate and sodium alginate were subjected to degradation whereas increase of the molecular weight and the zeta potential was observed in case of BSA. In the end, the samples were exposed to several different external effects, namely the influence of different temperatures, UV radiation and increasing ionic strength. The results showed that rather higher temperature has a significant impact on biopolymers stability. However, used biopolymers were hardly affected by UV radiation except BSA whose molecular weight increased considerably. Decrease of the zeta potential absolute values and the molecular size usually occurred with increasing ionic strength. The change of molecular weight was not detected.
Proteome and Metabolome Changes in Selected Organisms under Stress
Halienová, Andrea ; Kráčmar, Stanislav (referee) ; Čertík, Milan (referee) ; Šucman, Emanuel (referee) ; Márová, Ivana (advisor)
Living conditions of every organism are influenced by various factors at this time. Some of them have positive effect on organism, some negative. Basic condition for surviving is the ability to resist and adapt to changing metabolic and living conditions. Every single stress effect can lead to changes in metabolism but organisms have ability to develope sufficient mechanisms for stress response. Some of them are similar for all living organisms (enzyme production, endogenous primary stress metabolites) some of them are specific for certain organism or stress type. Cell stress response can be observed on different levels (proteomic, genomic, metabolomic). In proper conditions it can be used indrustrially. In this work, influences of various stress factors were studied. These factors were applied on selected organisms – carotenogenic yeast and plant materials. Yeast stress response was induced by osmotic and oxidation stress factors. Changes on proteomic level and in production of selected secondary metabolites were observed. Proteome was analyzed by 1D and 2D electrophoresis with subsequent analysis of proteins by mass spectrometry. Yeast strain Rhodotorula glutinis CCY 20-2-26 showed the best adaptation to stress factors, which was moreover accompanied by overproduction of carotenoids. This finding can be premise for next industrial production of carotenoids. In plant samples predominantly enzymes and metabolites involved in antioxidant response were studied.
Determination of basic nutritional parameters in edible insects
Korček, Jakub ; Štursa, Václav (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
In this bachelor thesis is dicussed nutritional value of chosen insect species. Analysed samples consisted of worms, crickets and locusts. Analysed parameters were: total nitrogen, crude protein, total lipids and content of chosen elements. Total lipids were, after homogenization, determined by Soxhlet method, using diethyl ether as a solvent. Prior to protein and element determination, samples did undergo Kjehldal digestion process, using sulfuric acid. Weiniger catalyst was only added to samples digested for protein measurement. Element content was determined by optical emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-OES). Crude protein was determined by Kjeldahl method. The highest protein content was determined in crickets. (75 ± 5) %. Locusts contained the highest lipid content (33 ± 2) %. We also found out, that samples were rich in calcium, potassium, manganese and zinc, which are all important elements for the proper functioning of our body. The results of this thesis prove, that insects can present nutritionally important food.
Fortification of bakery products with protein isolate from wheat bran
Bidmonová, Karolína ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
Proteins, as the major structural component of all cells and tissues, along with fats and carbohydrates, are a key macronutrient in human nutrition. An insufficient protein intake in the diet can lead to health problems and increasing protein malnutrition. Food fortification plays an important role in eliminating this protein deficiency. Wheat products, as a widely consumed food, seem to be a suitable commodity for protein fortification. Wheat bran was selected as a suitable source of protein due to its availability, protein content and relative simply method of a protein isolation. In the experimental part, the protein was extracted from wheat bran and used to prepare the mixtures. The mixture contained T530 flour and the 5%, 10% and 15% addition of the wheat bran protein isolate. From these mixtures, doughs were prepared and were subjected to chemical and rheological analysis. Finally, wheat baguettes with the addition of wheat bran protein isolate were made. The texture and taste properties of the baked products were verified by sensory analysis. The mixtures of flour and whey protein and a sample of unriched flour were also analysed to compare the results. Applied tests have shown that the addition of protein influences not only nutritional and chemical but also rheological properties. The addition of wheat bran protein isolate had a negative impact on the taste properties of the baguette Higher addition of BPI caused the increase of the bitterness of products. Taste optimization could be a topic for future study.
Analysis of czech garlic varieties
Fähnrichová, Nikola ; Vespalcová, Milena (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
This master thesis deals with analysis of Czech garlic varieties in comparison with two varieties from abroad. Alliin and carbohydrates were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detector or evaporative light scattering detector. Crude proteins were calculated from total content of nitrogen that was determinated by Kjeldahl method. Elementary analysis was performed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. In theoretical part of this thesis is describes botanical characterization and cultivation of garlic, chemical composition of garlic, especially groups of substances which were analysed in this thesis. Principle of used methods is described too. The experimental part of this work deals with sample and calibration solution preparation and process of analysis. Obtained results from analysed substances are summarized in the tables, discussed and compared with results of analysis of other authors. Between Czech and Spanish/Chinese garlic are slight differences. Garlics contain 24,66 g/kg dry weight of alliin. Content of crude proteins in Czech garlic is comparable to Chinese garlic but the Spanish garlic has just half of amount crude proteins. Elementary analysis also includes significant differences. Czech varieties contain higher amount of phosphorus, iron and zinc. On the contrary, content of potassium in foreign garlic is higher than in Czech Republic and the analysed amount is 15 g/kg dry weight.

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