National Repository of Grey Literature 109 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Effects of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and nitrogen supply on grain quality of wheat
Chadimová, Klára ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Hrstka, Miroslav (advisor)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and different nitrogen fertilization levels on wheat grain quality. Winter wheat cultivar Bohemia was grown under ambient carbon dioxide concentration (AC) and elevated carbon dioxide concentration (EC; 700 mol carbon dioxide per mol) half of the samples was fertilized with 200 kg N per ha (N+) and the other part stayed unfertilized (N-). Zeleny value and Hagberg-Perten value was determined. Bulk density was determined by routine method. Grain hardness, dry matter content, starch concentration and crude protein concentration was determined by NIR spektroscopy. No effect on grain quality was detected due to carbon dioxide enrichment. However nitrogen fertilizer influenced grain quality significantly. Zeleny value and crude protein concentration were decreased and starch concentration was increased in samples that stayed unfertilized. Other grain quality parameters stayed unaffected.
Comparison of microbial metabolic production from waste and powder whey
Elefantová, Petra ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
The master’s thesis discusses the comparison of microbial metabolic production from waste and powder whey. Whey is obtained as a by-product of cheese production. Lactose (preferably whey) using lactic acid bacteria (eg. Lactobacillus) under suitable temperature conditions is converted to lactic acid. Effect of temperature, effect of salts and effect of yeast extract on lactic acid production by L. casei were investigated. HPLC metod was determined lactid acid. In the practical part were used bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus. It was found that for dried and waste whey is the optimal temperature of 35 °C. At this temperature is the greatest gain of lactic acid. The highest concentration of lactic acid was obtained by using 20 g of yeast extract for dried whey and for waste whey were used 24 g of yeast extract. When monitoring the effect of salt concentration on the production of lactic acid, it was found that using only MnSO4·H2O gain most of lactic acid.
The assessment of basic chemical parameters of natural cheese
Školová, Dominika ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
The aim of this work was to determine basic chemical parameters of natural cheese, namely Camembert type (white mold cheese) and Emmentaler type (cheese with high-heat curd). Model samples of cheese were produced in a pilot plant using unpasteurized milk in"organic" quality. Based on the literature search following parameters suitable for simple and fast characterization of cheese composition were selected: dry matter (drying to constant weight), fat in dry matter (calculated), total nitrogen (resp. determination of protein content) by the Kjeldahl method and fats, resp. total lipids (extraction with solvent). The results were finally compared with samples of the corresponding cheese type purchased on the market.
Lactic acid bacteria and their utilization
Jiříková, Ivana ; Vránová, Dana (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is aimed at the study of lactic acid bacteria. Within the frame of this thesis I have performed a literature research into findings about these bacteria. The first section is focused on the general bacteria identification and division into separate genus groups. It also describes the cytology, metabolism and industrial use of milk fermentation bacteria.
Thermophilic Enzymes
Kuchtová, Ludmila ; Obruča, Stanislav (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
Thermophilic enzymes are produced by organisms living at temperatures between 60 and 80°C, in some cases even higher, and are active and stabile at these temperatures. This work deals with thermophilic and hyperthermophilic organisms, their habitats, ways of adaptation to environment with considerably higher temperatures than optimal temperature for most organisms, and recent findings and opinions about possible factors enhancing protein thermostability. Properties and behaviour of thermophilic enzymes and their current applications (i.e. PCR, starch industry) are summarized. Advantages and disadvantages of using of these enzymes in comparison to currently used mesophilic enzymes are compared. Possible applications of thermozymes in various industrial branches, where they could replace some environment polluting procedures, simplify technology and be economically important, are introduced.
Probiotics and probiotic microorganisms
Kostková, Lucie ; Dvořák, Miloš (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
Probiotics and their positive influence on human health are presently very discussed theme. Nevertheless is informedness of public about probiotics benign influence insufficient, as well as their practical usage. This thesis summarizes present scientific knowledge about probiotic effects on human organismus. Fisrt chapter deals with determination of concept probiotics, their history, meaning, qualities, effects on human health and hazard connected with probiotic usage. Second chapter includes description of probiotic products, their forms and foodstuff containing probiotics. Chapter three discuss probiotic microorganisms, their main characteristics and examples of commercial starting cultures. Fourth chapter takes in informations about viability of probiotic microorganisms. And last chapter researches methods of integration of probiotics into products.
Growth characteristics of thermophilic microorganisms
Kuchtová, Ludmila ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
The aim of this work was focused on study of influence of cultivation conditions on growth of thermophilic bacteria Thermus aquaticus, Thermus scotoductus, Geobacillus thermodenitrificans and Geobacillus thermocatenulatus in cultivation medium recommended by Czech Collection of Microorganisms (CCM). The change of concentration of biomass during cultivation with various pH of media, cultivation temperature, agitation rate and with addition of glucose to medium during cultivation in Erlenmayer flasks was observed. Results served for determination of optimal growth conditions for each microorganism. After optimal growth conditions were obtained, cultivations in fermenter were performed. Growth curves were made from values of absorbance and dry weight of samples.
Pretreatment of polysaccharide waste materials to maximize of hydrolysis products
Myslivcová, Pavla ; Trachtová, Štěpánka (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
This thesis deals with study of the polysacharidic waste material pretreatment in order to maximize the hydrolysis products. It has been chosen a pastry as a waste material, specifically rolls and bread. Pastry was pretreated by milling and 15% w/v suspension of pastry in the water was prepared. Then several types of hydrolysis were performed with suspensions. Products of hydrolysis were characterized by spectrophotometric method of Somogyi-Nelson and efficiency of hydrolysis was compared. Three acids (H2SO4, HNO3, HCl) and two alkalis (NaOH, KOH) in three various concentration were used for the chemical hydrolysis. Microwave and ultrasound were chosen for the physical hydrolysis.
Thermophilic microorganisms application to biodegradation
Varmužová, Tamara ; Márová, Ivana (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
This thesis is focused on study of biodegradability of modified polyurethane elastomeric films in synthetic medium with minerals and vitamins on tempered shaker by mixed thermophilic aerobic bacterial culture Bacillus and Thermus genera. In most cases addition of all used fillers (carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, acetylated cellulose, acetylated starch and glutein) led to increased biodegradability of elastomeric films with modifying agent in comparison with elastomeric films without modifying agent (referential). The growth of cultures was strongly increased in presence of elastomeric films modified by 10 % acetylated cellulose and 10 % carboxymethyl cellulose. Elastomeric film biodegradation mechanism included probably two stages: abiotic destruction of elastomeric films and consequent utilization of degradation products by bacterial culture.
Biodegradability of bacterial natural and modified polyesters and their composites
Pala, Martin ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Obruča, Stanislav (advisor)
Presented work was focused on biodegradability of bacterial natural and modified polyesters and their composites. The first part of the work was focused on study of influence of PHA granules structure on their biodegradability using selected enzymes and influence of physiological conditions on PHA stability. Overall, tested polymer either in crytalinne or amorphous phase seems to be rezistent to attack of seleced hydrolytic enzymes such as lipases or proteases and is stable in simulated physiological fluids as well. Because of thies results, it is possible to use tested PHA materials in biomedical applications requiring rather resistant biomaterials. Second part of the work was focused on microbial degradation of modified PHA materials considering their potential environmental impact. Both mixed thermophillic culture originaly used in wastewater treatment plant and bacterial strain Delftia acidovorans were employed for biodegradation tests. Composites containing chlorine PHB and PHB films modified using plasticizers were tested. Films containing chlorine PHB cause inhibition of biomass growth to both tested cultures. The highest rate of degradation (31%) was observed in presence of bacterial culture with film containing 10% chlorine PHB. The results show that used microbial population is important factor affecting biodegradability.

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