National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The two-component signal transduction system in bacteria utilizing heme analogues
Bečková, Alexandra ; Martínková, Markéta (advisor) ; Prošková, Veronika (referee)
6 Abstract Hemoproteins are essential components of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, where they play a role in fulfilling many significant life functions. According to their function, hemoproteins can be divided into several types. One specific type of hemoproteins, which was also the object of interest in this bachelor thesis, is the heme sensor proteins. The function of part of these sensor hemoproteins is the ability to detect diatomic gas molecules and subsequently bind them to the heme molecule in the protein. This process leads to changing the properties of the sensor hemoprotein and the signal then becomes part of the signalling pathways. An example of sensor hemoprotein is the histidine kinase, with a globin structure of the sensor domain, from Anaeromyxobacter sp. Fw 109 (AfGcHK), which was studied during the experimental part of the bachelor thesis. First, a transformation of E. coli BL-21 (DE3) cells with the pET21c(+)/AfGcHK plasmid was performed, followed by cell cultivation and expression of the AfGcHK protein in the cells. The expressed AfGcHK protein was isolated in two forms. One form represented AfGcHK protein containing heme, that is, with iron incorporated in its structure. The second form represented AfGcHK proteins containing a heme analogue, where nickel was incorporated...
Detail enzymatic characterization of a model heme-containing oxygen sensor
Vojáčková, Lukrécie Sophie ; Martínková, Markéta (advisor) ; Čermáková, Michaela (referee)
This thesis focuses on heme-based gas sensors, particularly phosphodiesterase from the bacterium Escherichia coli, referred to as EcDOS. The enzyme catalyzes the degradation of c-di-GMP, an important signaling molecule in bacteria that affects cellular processes, such as bacterial motility or biofilm formation. The thesis deals with detailed enzyme kinetics of protein forms in different redox and ligand states of the heme iron ion [Fe(III), Fe(II) and Fe(II)-O2], as well as a mutant form of the enzyme (EcDOS H77A) which does not bind heme. Results confirmed that the EcDOS WT Fe(II)-O2 form has higher kcat values than the EcDOS form with the ferrous ion of heme in the reduced state. Other significant result was that the enzyme activity is affected not only by the state of the heme iron ion but also by the presence and concentrations of divalent metal cations. The presence of the metal cation is essential for enzyme function, and suitable metal ions that stimulate enzyme activity are Mg2+ , Mn2+ and Zn2+ or their mixtures, which act synergistically on enzyme activity under chosen conditions. Analysis by ICP-MS also showed that Zn2+ cations are natural components of the enzyme. Thus, for further kinetic studies, it would be appropriate to use Zn2+ or mixtures of metal ions that are physiological for...
Study of the effect of heme analogues on the structural-functional characteristics of a model representative of heme sensor proteins
Ďatko, Peter ; Martínková, Markéta (advisor) ; Vávra, Jakub (referee)
Heme sensor proteins allow bacteria to react to changes of concentration of certain molecules in their environment. This reaction depends on the coordination of the ligand to the heme iron atom. Model representative of this signaling system is a histidine kinase containing a sensor domain with a globin structure, AfGcHK. The aim of this bachelor thesis was to prepare and characterize a modified form of AfGcHK containing manganese within its protoporphyrine complex. To express the protein, E. coli BL-21 (DE3) cells were transformed using a plasmid pET21c(+)/AfGcHK. The protein was isolated and purified using affinity chromatography and gel chromatography. To determine its enyzmatic activity, polyacrylamid gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate with Phos-Tag was used. It was determined, that this novel form of AfGcHK is enzymatically active. Spectroscopic analysis has shown, that the modified form of AfGcHK containing manganese within its protoporphyrine complex is susceptible to reduction by sodium dithionate. Key words: heme, heme sensor proteins, oxygen sensors, signal transduction [IN CZECH]
Biochemical characterization of a model heme sensor protein containing a heme analog
Hlubučková, Darina ; Martínková, Markéta (advisor) ; Prošková, Veronika (referee)
An integral part of the life of cells is cell signaling, which is ensured, among other things, by heme proteins, specifically by their members called heme sensor proteins. Heme sensor proteins are divided into two groups, heme sensor proteins detecting heme, which are found more in eukaryotic cells, and heme sensor proteins detecting gaseous molecules, which are more typical of prokaryotic cells. The gas molecules in this case can be CO, NO and O2. A family of oxygen-detecting heme sensor proteins is crucial for bacteria that must adapt to changing oxygen concentrations in the environment. One of these bacteria is the soil bacterium Anaeromyxobacter sp., strain Fw 109-5, which contains a heme sensor protein with the globin structure of the sensor domain and the histidine kinase activity of the functional domain (AfGcHK), enabling the bacteria, among other things, to form a biofilm. As part of the theoretical part of this thesis, the current knowledge about heme sensor proteins was summarized, with a focus on the AfGcHK protein. In the practical part of this bachelor's thesis, bacterial cells E. coli BL-21 (DE3) were transformed with the plasmid pET21(+)/AfGcHK containing the gene encoding AfGcHK, from which two forms of AfGcHK were subsequently isolated, the natural form and the form containing a...
Structural characterization of a model heme-containing oxygen sensor
Tajovská, Eva ; Martínková, Markéta (advisor) ; Ryšlavá, Helena (referee)
One subgroup of hemoproteins are heme-based gas sensors, which are able to detect biatomic gas molecules in their immediate surroundings. Upon binding of a gas molecule to the heme iron in a sensor domain of these proteins or, conversely, upon its dissociation from the heme iron, the signal is then transmitted from the sensor domain to a functional domain and subsequent regulation of important cellular functions occurs. Understanding the regulatory mechanism of gas sensors is key to potentially manipulating their function. Such knowledge would then allow the use of heme-based gas sensors as therapeutic targets for the development of next-generation antibiotics, if we take into account their presence in pathological bacteria. The diploma thesis focuses on a model heme-based gas sensor, the oxygen sensor EcDOS from E. coli, and its apoform, EcDOS His77Ala. Both proteins were prepared by recombinant expression and purification, and subsequently spectrophotometrically characterized. Using gel permeation chromatography, the oligomeric states of EcDOS Fe(III), EcDOS Fe(II)-O2 and EcDOS His77Ala were determined under different conditions (different temperatures of protein incubation, presence of c-di-GMP substrate etc.). Furthermore, the structural dynamics of EcDOS Fe(III), EcDOS Fe(II)-O2 and EcDOS...
Biochemical characterization of a model heme sensor protein
Tajovská, Eva ; Martínková, Markéta (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Petr (referee)
Hemoproteins play a lot of important roles within the living organism. One of these being the sensor function - heme sensor proteins are able to detect the changing concentration of heme in organisms. Heme itself serves as a signalling molecule for these proteins. Heme-based gas sensor proteins use a biatomic gas molecule as a signalling molecule. Signal transduction begins once the gas molecule is bound to the heme molecule which is already tightly bound in the protein sensing domain. Both these types of signalling regulate a number of physiological processes in the prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. The theoretical part of the bachelor thesis summarizes recent scientific studies on heme sensor proteins, while the experimental part focuses on the properties of a specific model sensor hemoprotein. A direct oxygen sensor from E. coli (EcDOS) was selected as a model protein. Furthermore, the thesis deals with a truncated form of the EcDOS protein, an isolated sensor domain with a PAS structure (EcDOS-PAS). The experimental part aimed at expressing and isolating of both mentioned proteins from E. coli BL-21 (DE3) cells. Finally, both the EcDOS and EcDOS-PAS proteins were preliminarily characterised and their properties compared. The yield of the EcDOS-PAS was several times higher than the yield of...

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