National Repository of Grey Literature 103 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Komunikace jako nástroj monetární politiky ČNB
Avramov, Dominik
Avramov, D. Communication as a tool for monetary policy of ČNB. Bachelor thesis. Brno: Mendel University, 2023. Central bank communication is a hot topic because, in a world where in-formation travels at the speed of light, it is in the interest of central banks that their monetary policy is properly understood and does not spread uncertainty. The thesis will focus on the period 2016-2020, during which the Fed, BoE and ČNB changed their key rates in an attempt to tighten monetary policy. The text summarises the current understanding of central bank communication and then analyses three central banks to use the comparison to improve the ČNB's current communication strategy.
Makroobezřetnosntí politika v kontextu ekonomicko-politické nejistoty
Jetelina, Patrik
The thesis examines credit activity in the context of economic and political uncertainty (EPU index) and macroprudential policy (MPI index). The empirical analysis is carried out by regressing panel data for European Union countries between 1998 and 2015. The dataset for the analysis includes data for 5,176 banks from the Orbis database, macroeconomic data from Eurostat and the ECB statistical warehouse at an annual frequency. The regression analysis is per-formed using fixed effects. The results of the empirical analysis confirm the effect where the interaction between MPI and EPU reduces the negative impact of eco-nomic and political uncertainty on bank’s lending activity.
Evaluation of the Financial Situation of a Company and Proposals for Improvement
Chmelinová, Pavlína ; Sághy Estélyi, Kristína (referee) ; Zinecker, Marek (advisor)
The subject of this bachelor thesis is to evaluate the financial performance of the company BioVendor - Laboratorní medicína a.s. in the period 2014–2018. Through selected methods is compiled a financial analysis. The results are used as a basis for defining proposals for measures to strengthen the weaknesses of financial management.
Natural Catastrophes and Financial Development
Mikulíková, Pavla ; Horváth, Roman (advisor) ; Jakubík, Petr (referee)
Master's thesis - Natural Catastrophes and Financial Development Pavla Mikul'ıkov'a Academic year 2022/2023 Natural disasters affect lives of many people every year. Using a panel dataset of 214 countries from 1970 to 2021, this thesis analyses the impact of disasters on financial development, namely on depth, efficiency, access, and sta- bility, using fixed effects and system GMM estimators. The main findings imply that depth and stability are negatively affected by disasters, and the impact is more pronounced for lower-income countries. On the other hand, efficiency and access provide no consistent results. There is no type of disasters, e.g., biologi- cal or geophysical, that would have a significant impact on all types of financial development. The effect probably varies due to the different characteristics of disaster types. 1
Non-bank financial intermediaries and their role in the financial market
Novotná, Tereza ; Pečená, Magda (advisor) ; Nechvátalová, Lenka (referee)
This thesis analyses the role of non-bank financial intermediaries in the Czech financial market, with the emphasis on comparison of efficiencies of banks and non-bank financial corporations engaged in lending. This paper addresses their influence on the financial market both in the global and in the Czech environ- ment. The evaluation of the performance of the individual parts of the Czech financial sector is conducted using the Data Envelopment Analysis, which yields specific efficiency scores. Based on these values, aggregated data on banks and non-bank financial corporations engaged in lending are compared against each other and over the time period from 2013 to 2021.
European Central Bank Digital Currencies: Lessons from Central Bank Experiments and Scenario Analysis
Pramod Kumar, Kumar Chandrakamal ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Havránek, Tomáš (referee) ; Ramesh, Sangaralingam (referee)
The dramatic increase in popularity of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin has motivated central banks to research central bank digital currencies (CBDC). The key central bank R-CBDC experiments are reviewed. It is found that central banks of advanced economies like the Federal Reserve, European Central Bank and Swiss National Bank are relatively less motivated to issue R-CBDC. This is because current retail payment systems and settlements are already fast and efficient and the advantages of R-CBDC may not be as large as initially expected. Financial inclusion and need for traceable payment systems is less attractive in advanced economies and central banks would lose credibility if CBDC were implemented unsuccessfully. A scenario analysis is used to explore the implications of R-CBDC on financial stability and monetary policy. The results show that CBDC implementation in all scenarios is expected to positively impact financial stability and monetary policy. Results from the scenario analysis are more optimistic than the literature and urges central banks to continue their research. Finally, it is found that ECB's ability to issue CBDC is uncertain. The risks to traditional monetary policy tools and banking system should encourage both to become more efficient and focus on the needs of users.
Macroeconomic stress-testing of banking systems: survey of methodologies and empirical application
Šimečková, Jana ; Geršl, Adam (advisor) ; Pečená, Magda (referee)
This thesis deals with stress testing as a process that helps to assess the impact of potential adverse shocks on the soundness of a financial system. First section is dedicated to non-technical discussion about stress testing and to some methodological issues. The main focus lies on the system-wide macroeconomic stress testing. The empirical part of the thesis is a contribution to macroprudential analysis of the quality of the aggregate loan portfolio in the Czech Republic. This study adopts a vector autoregression model applied to the Czech banking sector in order to judge its stability and present some evidence on macroeconomic variables affecting the Czech banking system. As a measure of the strength of the loan portfolio is used the stock of non-performing loans vis-à-vis total loans in the sector. The thesis follows the widely used methodology and seeks to identify significant macroeconomic risk factors affecting the loan portfolio quality. The latter part aims also to forecast the most likely development of the loan portfolio.
The Czech National Bank, its legal status and scope of activities
Kočová, Olga ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
Title: The Czech National Bank, its legal status and scope of activities Abstract The aim of this thesis is to analyze the current status of legislation of the Czech National Bank, its content operations and powers with regard to the historical development of this institution, focusing on the banknotes and coins, monetary policy, financial stability, financial market supervision and possible impacts of euro adoption in the Czech Republic. The first part of the thesis will be devoted to the historical development and fundamental characteristics of the Czech National Bank as the central bank and its organizational structure, management and independence will be determined as well as the objectives pursued. The following chapters will deal with particular areas of activities which the Czech National Bank practices in accordance to its primary objective. More detailed focus in the thesis is on the emission function, the conduct of monetary policy and its instruments, analysis of financial stability and supervision of individual financial market segments. The last part of the thesis will be devoted to the issue of adopting the common European currency in the Czech Republic and to the changes which would be connected to that currency adoption. Keywords Czech national bank, central banking, monetary policy,...
Stability of the Financial System: Systemic Dependencies between Bank and Insurance Sectors
Procházková, Jana ; Šopov, Boril (advisor) ; Janda, Karel (referee)
The central issue of this thesis is investigating the eventuality of systemic break- downs in the international financial system through examining systemic depen- dence between bank and insurance sectors. Standard models of systemic risk often use correlation of stock returns to evaluate the magnitude of intercon- nectedness between financial institutions. One of the main drawbacks of this approach is that it is oriented towards observations occurring along the central part of the distribution and it does not capture the dependence structure of outlying observations. To account for that, we use methodology which builds on the Extreme Value Theory and is solely focused on capturing dependence in extremes. The analysis is performed using the data on stock prices of the EU largest banks and insurance companies. We study dependencies in the pre- crisis and post-crisis period. The objective is to discover which sector poses a higher systemic threat to the international financial stability. Also, we try to find empirical evidence about an increase in interconnections in recent post- crisis years. We find that in both examined periods systemic dependence in the banking sector is higher than in the insurance sector. Our results also in- dicate that extremal interconnections in the respective sectors increased,...

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