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Field measurement of natural electromagnetic emissions near the active tectonic and mass-movement fractures in caves
Trčka, T. ; Macků, R. ; Koktavý, P. ; Škarvada, P. ; Baroň, I. ; Stemberk, Josef
Laboratory tests on a wide range of solid materials shoved that the electromagnetic emission (EME) signals are generated during the samples mechanical stress. EME anomalies have been observed also under natural conditions in association to fracture processes, tectonic loading, stress redistribution and crack propagation prior to earthquake or in relation to deep-seated gravitational mass movements. This paper describes a first prototype of the Emission data logger, which was specially developed for the continual EME monitoring in field conditions. Our equipment has been installed and tested in Obir Caves (Austria) at an active tectonic fault. The pilot long-term EME measurement results from this location are also presented in this paper.