Národní úložiště šedé literatury Nalezeno 3 záznamů.  Hledání trvalo 0.11 vteřin. 
Porosity of different rocks in relation to capturing/moving of gases and liquids
Řimnáčová, Daniela ; Vöröš, Dominik ; Natherová, Vendula ; Přikryl, R. ; Lokajíček, Tomáš
Variability in the porosity of natural rocks and waste have been investigated in relation to the influence on the\npermeability of gases and water. The samples were of sedimentary or igneous rocks, carbon-rich rocks, and solid\nporous waste material after thermal conversion. Using mercury intrusion porosimetry, porosity values and pore\nsize distribution varied with the origin of materials. These results have been compared and a connection between\nthe origin and porosity of material was observed. Total porosity values of selected samples ranged from ca. 0.2%\nfor granite to 55% for waste porous material. Lower porosity values demonstrate the connectivity between\nmesopores or micropores and are related to the capturing of greenhouse gases, while higher porosity is caused\npredominantly by the presence of macropores and coarse pores, which serve as pathways for permeability of\ngases and liquids.
The processing of stabilized sewage sludge by high-temperature slow pyrolysis and gasification
Bičáková, Olga ; Čimová, Nikoleta ; Vöröš, Dominik ; Náhunková, Jana ; Řimnáčová, Daniela
One of the most challenging type of waste is sewage sludge, which is a heterogeneous suspension containing organic and inorganic substances and pathogenic organisms. This work focuses on an effective application method for the sewage sludge, which is usually deposited in landfills or co-incinerated in power plants. High temperature pyrolysis and gasification at 700–900 °C were applied to the samples of stabilized sewage sludge. The samples with a constant weight of 100 g were heated in a stationary bed, with the rate of batch heating being monitored. During the heating process, volatile products were released and the composition of the gaseous products developed during the heating was analyzed. Afterwards, the mass balance of the resulting products was evaluated. The elemental and textural analyses of the products were performed. Furthermore, it has been found that the solid residue has a porous texture and properties suitable for the removal and capture of pollutants. \n
Adsorption study of waste materials as potential adsorbents for pollutant removal and storage
Řimnáčová, Daniela ; Vorokhta, Maryna ; Vöröš, Dominik ; Borecká, Lenka ; Bičáková, Olga
The study shows how changing the experimental conditions during carbonization of a waste material such as sewage sludge influences textural properties and the CO2adsorption capacity of final carbonized productsin their potential use for removaland storage of pollutantssuch as carbon dioxide. The CO2adsorption measurements were done with gravimetric and manometric sorption devices in a wide range of pressures and temperatures. Further, CO2adsorption capacities of other materialssuch as activated carbon prepared from black carbon and a Czech Silurian shalewere compared toadsorption capacities of the studied carbonized sewage sludge. These two compared materials were chosen according to their compositionsand porosity.The porosityof the studied materials was determined from the N2sorption isotherms and measurements of their skeletal density with He.The adsorption capacity depended on the ratio of micropores and mesopores in the carbonized sewage sludge, because CO2fillsmicropores and mesopores at lowand highpressures, respectively, and was decreasing with the temperature increase atconstant pressure.The adsorption capacity of the carbonized sewage sludgewas increased by increase inthe carbonization temperature.The obtained adsorption capacities showed that the carbonization of sewage sludge can lead to preparation of perspective adsorbents for CO2capture and storage.

Chcete být upozorněni, pokud se objeví nové záznamy odpovídající tomuto dotazu?
Přihlásit se k odběru RSS.