National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Rationalization of the workpiece technology part with the aim to reduce costs
Vojtěch, Jakub ; Strejček, Jan (referee) ; Chladil, Josef (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the improvement of the production technology during machining of the given component. The main goal is to design a different production technology, to reduce production time terms using more appropriate tools and to reduce the total costs of machining.
Payments of a fiscal nature in Islamic law
Vojtěch, Jakub ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
Abstract, Thesis Title, Keywords in English Language The text aims to offer a depiction of the system of selected payments having tax features, which are contained in Islamic law, based on a wide range of specialized literature and especilally on the primary sources of Islamic law. The primary objective of this paper is a review of the Islamic payments of a fiscal nature from the point of view of the theoretical knowledge as stated in the Czech tax legal theory. The system of Islamic payments that have been examined includes: i) Zakat, ii) Jizya, iii) Kharaj, iv) Khums, v) Sadaqa, including its form of Waqf, and finally vi) 'Ushr. From the perspective of the Czech tax legal theory only Zakat, Jizya, Kharaj and 'Ushr meet (albeit often with certain caveats) the obligatory theoretical requirements for taxes. Thesis Title: Payments of a fiscal nature in Islamic law. Keywords: Islam; Law; Taxes.
Law principles applied in Islamic banking
Vojtěch, Jakub ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
TITLE: Law principles applied in Islamic banking AUTHOR: Jakub Vojtěch DEPARTMENT: Department of financial law and financial science THESIS SUPERVISOR: JUDr. Michael Kohajda, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: This paper aims at starting a deeper academic discussion of the most fundamental principles of Islamic banking and their application. Ther term "Islamic banking" denotes the banking services in compliance with Islamic law and is nowadays a rapidly expanding, global industry based on a traditional fourteen centuries old legal system. The text explains the basic special requirements (Halal, Riba, Gharar, Majsir, Shiraka, Shari'ah Board) for Islamic banks both in terms of defining and describing these principles as well as giving examples and considering acceptability of conventional products from the Islamic point of view. The study serves as a contribution to debate on the new academic and business field of Islamic banking where I am trying to depict the key and distinguishing features of this banking model, provide a comparison of functioning with the conventional counterpart and give some examples of various types of Islamic banking products. Effort has been made also to offer an overview of the Islamic ethical economy which is the philosophical basis for the Islamic banking model and to describe development and...
Sukuk as Islamic Financial Instruments from the Perspective of Czech and European Law
Vojtěch, Jakub ; Bakeš, Milan (advisor) ; Marková, Hana (referee) ; Radvan, Michal (referee)
Sukuk are a special kind of securities based on Islamic law. Being an up-to-date and increasingly important instrument, sukuk are traded in financial markets of not only Muslim countries. The aim of the dissertation is to review this Islamic legal institute in its entirety and to examine it from the point of view of the Czech and European Union legal regulation of securities and financial instruments. The starting point of the dissertation is the assumption that by studying foreign law and comparing its institutes, it is possible to achieve a better understanding of one's own legal regulation and possibly create new solutions that would otherwise be hidden in the standard context of understanding national law. The dissertation deals with sukuk both in terms of their theoretical definition provided by the Islamic legal theory (the idealistic approach) as well as from the point of view of their actual form in practice as products of Islamic securitization (the pragmatic approach). The analysis of the examined legal institute results in a new definition of the concepts of sukuk and Islamic securitization. The paper further concentrates on the structures of a total of seven main types of sukuk, namely: (i) Sukuk al-Ijarah, (ii) Sukuk al-Murabahah, (iii) Sukuk as- Salam, (iv) Sukuk al-Istisna'a, (v)...
Rationalization of the workpiece technology part with the aim to reduce costs
Vojtěch, Jakub ; Strejček, Jan (referee) ; Chladil, Josef (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the improvement of the production technology during machining of the given component. The main goal is to design a different production technology, to reduce production time terms using more appropriate tools and to reduce the total costs of machining.
Law principles applied in Islamic banking
Vojtěch, Jakub ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
TITLE: Law principles applied in Islamic banking AUTHOR: Jakub Vojtěch DEPARTMENT: Department of financial law and financial science THESIS SUPERVISOR: JUDr. Michael Kohajda, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: This paper aims at starting a deeper academic discussion of the most fundamental principles of Islamic banking and their application. Ther term "Islamic banking" denotes the banking services in compliance with Islamic law and is nowadays a rapidly expanding, global industry based on a traditional fourteen centuries old legal system. The text explains the basic special requirements (Halal, Riba, Gharar, Majsir, Shiraka, Shari'ah Board) for Islamic banks both in terms of defining and describing these principles as well as giving examples and considering acceptability of conventional products from the Islamic point of view. The study serves as a contribution to debate on the new academic and business field of Islamic banking where I am trying to depict the key and distinguishing features of this banking model, provide a comparison of functioning with the conventional counterpart and give some examples of various types of Islamic banking products. Effort has been made also to offer an overview of the Islamic ethical economy which is the philosophical basis for the Islamic banking model and to describe development and...
Payments of a fiscal nature in Islamic law
Vojtěch, Jakub ; Kohajda, Michael (advisor) ; Kotáb, Petr (referee)
Abstract, Thesis Title, Keywords in English Language The text aims to offer a depiction of the system of selected payments having tax features, which are contained in Islamic law, based on a wide range of specialized literature and especilally on the primary sources of Islamic law. The primary objective of this paper is a review of the Islamic payments of a fiscal nature from the point of view of the theoretical knowledge as stated in the Czech tax legal theory. The system of Islamic payments that have been examined includes: i) Zakat, ii) Jizya, iii) Kharaj, iv) Khums, v) Sadaqa, including its form of Waqf, and finally vi) 'Ushr. From the perspective of the Czech tax legal theory only Zakat, Jizya, Kharaj and 'Ushr meet (albeit often with certain caveats) the obligatory theoretical requirements for taxes. Thesis Title: Payments of a fiscal nature in Islamic law. Keywords: Islam; Law; Taxes.

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