National Repository of Grey Literature 128 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Sensorimotor training - part of comprehensive treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Bezděková, Tereza ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Babková, Lenka (referee)
The thesis deals with the possibility to influence the values of the lung function in patiens with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after exercise carried out according to the Methodology of sensorimotor training. The thesis contains a summary of theoretical knowledge about the pathophysiologic expresion of COPD, including their consequences not only for the respiratory system, but musculoskeletal system as well. Furthermore the thesis includes the information about the Methodology of sensorimotor training, that was used to influence the posture correction in our research. Methods: The spirometric examination of flow-volume curves monitor the changes prior to and after the exercise according to sensorimotor training in patiens with COPD (mean age 60, 733 ± 11,817). Results: The using of sensorimotor training can provide correction of the position of the whole body, of the chest, and change a chest mobility and in total to set up conditions for more economical muscle activation. This enable the changes in the values of the lung functions in the patiens with COPD, that we measured. Not all changes showed statistically significant change. Conclusion: Using sensorimotor training have an objective effect on the values of the lung function in patiens with COPD.
Dynamics of thorax in patients with COPD, its influence through POWERbreathe
Chmelařová, Anna ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Babková, Lenka (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its influence on the musculoskeletal system, lung transplantation and pulmonary rehabilitation. It discusses the role of POWERbreathe, a breathing training device, which is primarily used to strengthen the inspiratory muscles. The practical part was performed as a randomized control pilot study to assess the effect of POWERbreathe on the strength of the inspiratory muscles, the thorax dynamics and selected pulmonary function. The aim of the study is to determine the benefits of using the POWERbreathe for COPD patients during the pre-transplant period. In total, 18 patients with COPD IV. grade participated in the study (6 women and 12 men) with an average age of 59.8 ± 5.53 years. Probands were divided into two groups, only one of which used a POWERbreathe. Pulmonary functions (FEV1, VCin, FVC, PIF), muscle strength (SIndex), and chest dynamics (chest disturbances in the mezosternal and xiphosternal region with maximum inspiration and exhalation and respiratory amplitudes in these areas) were evaluated. The results did not show a significant inter-group difference in the strength of the inspiratory muscles. Within pulmonary function, this difference was evident in the FEV1 parameter and the chest dynamics increased...
The significance of physiotherapy after the surgeries of tumoral processes through the thoracic way
Hrbáčková, Karolína ; Zadražilová, Gabriela (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Tumoral diseases of the lungs are one of the most frequent causes of hospitalization and necessary surgical interventions in the chest area. The most common is bronchogenic carcinoma, which is mentioned as the most common malignancy among men in incidence and mortality. In women it occupies the third place. Worldwide, it results in 20% of all deaths from oncological causes. The main theoretical part of this bachelor's thesis is focused on the possibilities of physiotherapy with patients after chest surgery emphasizing respiratory physiotherapy. Part of the practical section of this bachelor's thesis reviews questionnaires distributed to the patients with the aim of analyzing patient participation, the quality of and satisfaction with their preoperative and early postoperative rehabilitation and interest in outpatient rehabilitation. A case report of a patient who underwent chest surgery due to a lung cancer is added.
Respiratory physiotherapy - part of a comprehensive treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients
Vargová, Zuzana ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Slováčková, Lenka (referee)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a progressive muscular disease. This serious disease attacks not only the musculoskeletal system, but also the respiratory system. Respiratory system is one of the most influenced systems. The risks of respiratory problems increase with deteriorating condition of the patient due to muscle weakness. This work is focused on treatment of respiratory system. The aim of treatment is early prevention and solving of complications. These complications include not only scoliosis and cardial problems, but mainly inefficient cough, night hypoventilation, irregular night breathing and failure of respiratory system even during the day. The aim of the respiratory physiotherapy is to keep the right functionality of lungs for the longest time and to choose the correct method of the rehabilitation following the patient's condition deteriorating. Interventions suitable for the patients with the DMD are techniques that leads to increasing lung volume, manual and mechanical techniques of assisted coughing, and noninvasive ventilation. NIV is one of the preferred methods of treating nowadays. Another method is continual invasive ventilation and ventilation with tracheostomy. This treatment includes keeping hygiene of the airways, which is the basis for their throughput. The work also includes...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and condition of lower limb
Zůna, Petr ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Máček, Miloš (referee)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is serious illness which prevails more often in last decades. The main reason why this happen is smoking epidemic and worse environment. Beside primary impacts on respiratory system, COPD has some secondary non-respiratory consequences. The most serious of them is muscle dysfunction, which affects lower limb muscles the most. The aim of this work is to summarize the knowledge of functional, structural and metabolic changes in lower limb muscles and their etiology. Then we discuss general concepts of curing COPD and practical possibilities of medical affection of muscle dysfunction by applying rehabilitation programs. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Validiation of walking tests in patients with coxarthrosis
Suljakovićová, Sabina ; Špaňhelová, Šárka (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Práce posuzuje možnosti využití chůzových testů u pacientů s koxartrózou. Na skupině třiceti pacientů se třetím stupněm koxartrózy kyčelního kloubu bylo provedeno měření pěti různých testů: dotazník Harris Hip Score, Timed Up And Go Test (TUG), Ten Meter Walk Test - desetimetrový test chůze (10MWT), Two Minute Walk Test - dvouminutový test chůze (2MWT) a Six Minute Walk Test - šestiminutový test chůze (6MWT). Následně byly porovnány výsledky jednotlivých testů a zjištěny jejich specifické výpovědní vlastnosti. Cílem studie bylo zjistit jejich vzájemné souvislosti, limity v použití, případně navrhnout jejich úpravu a doporučit cílové skupiny pacientů pro jednotlivé druhy testů. Během měření a při zpracování studie byly zjištěny statisticky významné skutečnosti, pomocí kterých by bylo možné zpřesnit hodnocení kvality terapie a zvýšit efektivitu vyšetřování pacientů s koxartrózou. Byla prokázána shodná výpovědní hodnota testu 2MWT ve srovnání s delšími testy (6MWT) a také výhody provedení testu TUG, jako zdroje doplňujících informací k vyšetření pomocí dotazníku Harris a běžných chůzových testů.
Clinical evaluation of postural balance functions in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Hrdý, Tomáš ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Špaňhelová, Šárka (referee)
Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases. Impairments in exercise capacity, kinesiology and skeletal muscle function are well established in these patients. Recently presented data also suggests impairments in postural balance and increased risk of falls in patients with COPD. The aim of this study is to examine postural balance functions in a group of patients and compare the results with a control group. Methods: Twelve patients (the average age 65,6 ± 7,1, 5 women, 7 men) with COPD hospitalized at the Pulmonary Clinic at the Faculty Hospital, Prague Motol and 10 healthy control subjects (the average age 58,6 ± 5,2, 7 women, 3 men) participated in this study. Participants were measured by The Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and The Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest). Results: COPD patients scored significantly worse (0,0099, p < 0,05) on the ABC scale total score compared to healthy controls, 78,38 ± 21,14 for COPD versus 97,78 ± 3,88 for controls. The total score and the six subsystem categories score of the BESTest were lower in COPD patients, but not significantly, compared to controls. Conclusion: Patients with COPD showed a lower degree of balance confidence and postural balance functions....
Evaluation of pulmonary and postural functions in patients with chest wall deformity (Pectus carinatum)
Zbuzek, Daniel ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Objective: The paper deals with the evaluation of the status of pulmonary and postural functions of the patients with pectus carinatum. Further, it deals with the development of pulmonary and postural functions after Welch surgery. Methods: Between the years 2010 and 2011 20 patients (19 men, 1 woman) went through Welch surgery at the Pediatric Clinic of the Faculty Hospital, Prague Motol. The average age of the group was 16,2 ± 1,2 years. Before surgery, pulmonary functions, respiratory muscle strength and posturography were evaluated. The received values were compared with the predicted, i.e. the controlled group, and in order to find mutual dependencies, also among themselves. 7 patients were repeatedly checked for pulmonary functions and posturography in the interval of 8,1 ± 3,0 months after their surgery. Pre and post - surgery values were compared. Results: Dynamic and static hyperinflation and also an increased patency of periphery respiratory tracts was found in 20 pre-surgery patients with PC. Testing of respiratory muscle strength showed significantly lower values than the predicted. Checking for posturography revealed the differences in postural system resulting, especially with complicated postural demands, in medio-lateral instability of the body. Worsening of the balance functions...

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2 Smolíková, Lenka
1 Smolíková, Lucie
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