National Repository of Grey Literature 131 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Effect of yoga therapy on quality of life and exercise tolerance in patients with COPD.
Nováková, Růžena ; Wanke, Ondřej (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
This thesis deals with the effect of yoga therapy on exercise tolerance, quality of life, dynamic lung parameters, respiratory muscle strength and mental state of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this thesis is to summarize the existing knowledge about the effect of yoga and yoga therapy on the health status of COPD patients, to develop a proposal for a specific yoga therapy, to elaborate this therapy into a patient information material and to verify its effect practically in a case study of a COPD patient. The theoretical part deals with the basic principles of yoga, description of COPD, development of a summary of current knowledge on the effect of yoga therapy on the health status of patients with this disease and design of a specific yoga therapy. The practical part is presented in the form of a case report of a COPD patient who underwent a 13week yoga intervention. The objective methods of assessing the success of the therapy are a six-minute walk test, anthropometric examination of chest dynamics, selected functional tests according to the Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) concept, St. George Respiratory Questionnaire, COPD Assessment Test and quantification of breathlessness using a modified breathlessness scale Medical Research Council. The...
Coordination abilities and motor skills of premature children with perinatal load aged between 9-10 and their physiotherapy
Zavadil, Ondřej ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Zounková, Irena (referee)
The theoretical part (overview of theoretical knowledge) of the bachelor's thesis will present a research of selected key publications on the topic of premature children. The basic facts, specifics, spectrum of deficits or current care for these children will be described, because with the progress of medicine, the needs of premature children with low birth weight have changed significantly over the last thirty years. The work will focus on the knowledge supporting a comprehensive approach to the treatment of premature babies from the time they leave hospital until adulthood. The theoretical part will also include a description of children's coordination skills in the context of developmental kinesiology up to the period of their school age, together with the theoretical basis for the development of these skills. The bachelor thesis also presents a summary of therapeutic procedures for medical rehabilitation, especially from the point of view of physiotherapy. The practical part of the work consists of testing the level of motor functions of a group of 23 premature children with perinatal load aged 9-10 years with criteria: birth before the 32nd gestational week and birth weight less than 1500 g. From birth, these children are managed by the Centre for Comprehensive Care for Children by Perinatal...
Sensorimotor training - part of comprehensive treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Bezděková, Tereza ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Babková, Lenka (referee)
The thesis deals with the possibility to influence the values of the lung function in patiens with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after exercise carried out according to the Methodology of sensorimotor training. The thesis contains a summary of theoretical knowledge about the pathophysiologic expresion of COPD, including their consequences not only for the respiratory system, but musculoskeletal system as well. Furthermore the thesis includes the information about the Methodology of sensorimotor training, that was used to influence the posture correction in our research. Methods: The spirometric examination of flow-volume curves monitor the changes prior to and after the exercise according to sensorimotor training in patiens with COPD (mean age 60, 733 ± 11,817). Results: The using of sensorimotor training can provide correction of the position of the whole body, of the chest, and change a chest mobility and in total to set up conditions for more economical muscle activation. This enable the changes in the values of the lung functions in the patiens with COPD, that we measured. Not all changes showed statistically significant change. Conclusion: Using sensorimotor training have an objective effect on the values of the lung function in patiens with COPD.
Dynamics of thorax in patients with COPD, its influence through POWERbreathe
Chmelařová, Anna ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Babková, Lenka (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its influence on the musculoskeletal system, lung transplantation and pulmonary rehabilitation. It discusses the role of POWERbreathe, a breathing training device, which is primarily used to strengthen the inspiratory muscles. The practical part was performed as a randomized control pilot study to assess the effect of POWERbreathe on the strength of the inspiratory muscles, the thorax dynamics and selected pulmonary function. The aim of the study is to determine the benefits of using the POWERbreathe for COPD patients during the pre-transplant period. In total, 18 patients with COPD IV. grade participated in the study (6 women and 12 men) with an average age of 59.8 ± 5.53 years. Probands were divided into two groups, only one of which used a POWERbreathe. Pulmonary functions (FEV1, VCin, FVC, PIF), muscle strength (SIndex), and chest dynamics (chest disturbances in the mezosternal and xiphosternal region with maximum inspiration and exhalation and respiratory amplitudes in these areas) were evaluated. The results did not show a significant inter-group difference in the strength of the inspiratory muscles. Within pulmonary function, this difference was evident in the FEV1 parameter and the chest dynamics increased...
The significance of physiotherapy after the surgeries of tumoral processes through the thoracic way
Hrbáčková, Karolína ; Zadražilová, Gabriela (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Tumoral diseases of the lungs are one of the most frequent causes of hospitalization and necessary surgical interventions in the chest area. The most common is bronchogenic carcinoma, which is mentioned as the most common malignancy among men in incidence and mortality. In women it occupies the third place. Worldwide, it results in 20% of all deaths from oncological causes. The main theoretical part of this bachelor's thesis is focused on the possibilities of physiotherapy with patients after chest surgery emphasizing respiratory physiotherapy. Part of the practical section of this bachelor's thesis reviews questionnaires distributed to the patients with the aim of analyzing patient participation, the quality of and satisfaction with their preoperative and early postoperative rehabilitation and interest in outpatient rehabilitation. A case report of a patient who underwent chest surgery due to a lung cancer is added.
Respiratory physiotherapy - part of a comprehensive treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients
Vargová, Zuzana ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Slováčková, Lenka (referee)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a progressive muscular disease. This serious disease attacks not only the musculoskeletal system, but also the respiratory system. Respiratory system is one of the most influenced systems. The risks of respiratory problems increase with deteriorating condition of the patient due to muscle weakness. This work is focused on treatment of respiratory system. The aim of treatment is early prevention and solving of complications. These complications include not only scoliosis and cardial problems, but mainly inefficient cough, night hypoventilation, irregular night breathing and failure of respiratory system even during the day. The aim of the respiratory physiotherapy is to keep the right functionality of lungs for the longest time and to choose the correct method of the rehabilitation following the patient's condition deteriorating. Interventions suitable for the patients with the DMD are techniques that leads to increasing lung volume, manual and mechanical techniques of assisted coughing, and noninvasive ventilation. NIV is one of the preferred methods of treating nowadays. Another method is continual invasive ventilation and ventilation with tracheostomy. This treatment includes keeping hygiene of the airways, which is the basis for their throughput. The work also includes...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and condition of lower limb
Zůna, Petr ; Smolíková, Libuše (advisor) ; Máček, Miloš (referee)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is serious illness which prevails more often in last decades. The main reason why this happen is smoking epidemic and worse environment. Beside primary impacts on respiratory system, COPD has some secondary non-respiratory consequences. The most serious of them is muscle dysfunction, which affects lower limb muscles the most. The aim of this work is to summarize the knowledge of functional, structural and metabolic changes in lower limb muscles and their etiology. Then we discuss general concepts of curing COPD and practical possibilities of medical affection of muscle dysfunction by applying rehabilitation programs. Powered by TCPDF (

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3 Smolíková, Lenka
2 Smolíková, Lucie
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