National Repository of Grey Literature 76 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Image of Man in the Contemporary Society in the Thought of Byung-Chul Han
Jech, Martin ; Mlynář, Jakub (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee)
(in English): The topic of this bachelor thesis is the reflection of contemporary late modern capitalist society and neoliberalism and forms of violence in society, as well as digital media. Within this framework, the main goal of the thesis is to depict an image of human individual as portrayed in the works of the contemporary author Byung-Chul Han. It is purely a theoretical work based on the detailed analysis of Han's essays and partly also the authors that Han builds on. Firstly, the bachelor's thesis deals with the macrosociological description of contemporary society, especially the transition from the so-called disciplinary society, based on various forms of negativity, to contemporary, so-called society of positivity and performance, which abandons all forms of negativity mainly to maximize Capital. In this general sociological framework, the image of the contemporary man as an actor in socio-economic relations is then presented, with an emphasis on his transformation from a subject to a self-exploiting project, which nowadays becomes a kind of new homo sacer whose life form is merely a bare life that must be preserved, vital and productive. This work also deals with the topics of the human body, beauty and interpersonal relationships, which are perceived against the background of the...
Vaclav Havel: a symbol or a stigma in the contemporary Czech society
Vašků, Adéla ; Mlynář, Jakub (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to examine aspects of the former Czech president Václav Havel's representation in the Czech social, political and media discourse and how the selected Czech news media approach the name of Václav Havel. My aim is to analyse word categories pravdoláskař, havlista and havloid, which are mainly used as labels of people supporting the same moral values Václav Havel was promoting; justice, love, liberty and peace. Using the critical discourse analysis and discourse historical approach, I will search for the definition of pravdoláskař, havlista and havloid analysing the Czech news media texts containing these expressions, eventually if there are any connotations related to pejorative and negative explanations of these expressions; the expressions are understood as mocking and insulting in certain contexts. Thesis also focuses on the phenomenon of stigmatization and labelling applied on the analysed word categories. Thesis shows, how the selected Czech media approach analysed word expressions, what adjectives and links are used within the media texts and how has the definitions shifted throughout the past decade.
Connection between natural disasters and social trust
Arshinnikova, Vera ; Sedláčková, Markéta (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee)
This work deals with the social impact of natural disasters in the form of changes in the level of generalized trust. First, I formulate the theoretical basis of the analysis and conclude that the change in the level of social trust is an adaptive response to the newly emerged risks. Furthermore, I formulate my own theory of change and continuity of attitudes after a natural disaster based on the role of the level of trust before the disaster. Following a natural disaster, there may be more conformity on the part of individuals whose level of trust differs from that of the majority. I also identify other intervening variables that can influence a given relationship, including by analyzing a special case - the Tohoku earthquake in Japan where, I take into account country's cultural context. I hypothesize that the temporary decline in social trust after the disaster occurred because of the technogenic disaster in Fukushima. Keywords: social trust, natural disaster, risk management, community, Japan
Civil Society and its Agency in the Political Process
Mazák, Jaromír ; Císař, Ondřej (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee) ; Frič, Pavol (referee)
(EN) Civil society is made up of committed individuals, non-governmental non-profit organizations, their employees, volunteers, and other supporters, as well as relations among these actors. Civil society activities include community development, advancement of leisure and professional interests, services to vulnerable groups, as well as efforts to intervene in the political process and to support certain legislation and systemic change. This work focuses on the latter, i.e. the ways how civil society actors influence the political process. In the introductory chapter I present an overview of the current research of civil society and political activism in the Czech Republic and other post-communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In this chapter, I identify five central propositions that can be formulated on the basis of existing scientific discussion and I subject them to a critical assessment. In addition, I argue that against the backdrop of the discussion, two streams of literature can be distinguished which differ in their assessment of civil society's quality in Central and Eastern Europe. I try to clarify the reasons for these contradictions. In the second chapter I offer an overview of social movements theories, thus completing the theoretical basis for the empirical part of this...
Limits of power. Ethics, power and corruption.
Fišera, Vladimír ; Sokol, Jan (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee) ; Frič, Pavol (referee)
The problem of Czech society today is foremost the part of corruption that can be labeled as systemic, large scale or political corruption; and its causes, demonstrations, and therefore also possible solutions differ significantly from those for individual bribery. The public still holds very distorted opinions about the causes and therefore also possible solutions of large scale corruption. The most significant is the idea of political corruption as a personal ethical failure of an individual. The solution to this is their replacement. However, past experiences prove that political corruption is a systemic problem and replacement of individuals does not bring a substantial change. To understand how large scale political corruption functions, it is important to know the point of view of politicians who are its direct participants or encounter it. It is established that a significant motivational factor for corruption is an effort of politicians to keep their power and prestige, and with it the need of raising funds for re- election. Key words: corruption, political corruption, systemic corruption, power, status, prestige
Towards Common Visions. The Civil Public in the Work of Jürgen Habermas
Horáčková, Martina ; Skovajsa, Marek (advisor) ; Muhič Dizdarevič, Selma (referee)
Public power in democratic society emanates from the citizens and is, in its turn, responsible to them. The citizens are entitled to observe, scrutinize and influence it. The public consists of private individuals actively engaged in public affairs and coordinating this activity with others. The present essay is concerned with Jürgen Habermasʼ concepts of the public in his The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, The Theory of Communicative Action, and Between Facts and Norms. At first, these works are interpreted and critically evaluated here. Then, the issue of the public is developed with special emphasis on the concept as it is elaborated in Between Facts and Norms. This essay tries to characterize the civil public and pursues the question how it is positioned in the larger frame of the civil society. The public is studied from the point of view of its influence in society. Habermas ascribes a substantial role to the public, for, according to his idea of the deliberative democracy, the public takes a part in the democratic processes of lawmaking and that by means of a dialogue with the public power. In this perspective, the public is conceived of as communicative power. This dissertation concentrates on the origins and forming of the communicative power and the ensuing process of its...
Archeology of enchantment by new technologies in science discourses
Veselská, Jindra ; Kandert, Josef (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee) ; Bulvas Stejskal, Jakub (referee)
v anglickém jazyce The theses focuses on enchantment by new information technologies which occurred in humanities and social science discourses at the turn of twentieth and twenty-first century. Using archaelogical method of Michel Foucault and its recent inspirations historical epistemology and ontology it investigates the conditions which built the term enchantment in aesthetics. Based on examinig Max Weber's thesis about the disenchantment of the world the work finds that the concept of enchantment implies epistemological and ontological contradictions. These tensions can be traced also in contemporary interpretations that use the concept of enchantment in connection with new information technologies. In conclusion, the theses consideres the possibility of using the concpet of sublime discourses for the description and explanation of the phenomenon, which do not imply the contradictions present in the notion of enchantment.
Patočka and Modernity: a study of Patočka's dialogue with Max Weber and its importance in the context of contemporary civilizational analysis
Homolka, Jakub ; Arnason, Johann Pall (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee) ; Cajthaml, Martin (referee)
Patočka and Modernity Jakub Homolka Abstract: This thesis deals with the work of Jan Patočka (1907-1977), probably the most important Czech philosopher of the twentieth century, and with his understanding of modernity. More precisely, the thesis focuses on Patočka's work from the perspective of contemporary civilizational analysis, which leads our attention especially to Patočka's dialogue with the work of the German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920). The thesis is divided into three parts. The first part introduces Patočka's work in general; it summarizes the situation of Patočka's heritage, subsuming existing findings and future challenges. The second part discusses the perspective of civilizational analysis, a subdiscipline of contemporary historical sociology, and explains the link between this field of research and Patočka's work. Finally, the third part presents an interpretation of Patočka's work which emphasizes the very perspective of civilizational analysis: the focus is on Patočka's dialogue with Weber's work, which is most notably expressed in the philosopher's idea of "rational civilization". In this way, the thesis contributes to the existing interpretations of Patočka's work as well as to the discussions of the theoretical concept of civilizational analysis. Key words: Jan Patočka; Max Weber;...
Apoštol Pavel a filosofie: Studie k politické teologii a její recepci v soudobé filosofii
Hanyš, Milan ; Sokol, Jan (advisor) ; Skovajsa, Marek (referee) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The thesis offers an interpretation of Paul's political thought and political theology in the context of current philosophy. The first part presents a methodological basis of the work: the concept of political theology is conceived as a methodological tool that enables us to concentrate on interrelations and mutual effects of religion and politics and to expose implicit or explicit political meanings and implications of religious ideas. The second methodological subchapter deals with Max Weber's approach to "economic ethics of world religions": Weber concentrates on historical crossroads and switches which are a result of random chain of coincidences and factors forming a specific relation to values (Wertbeziehung) which enables us to understand further historical development. Paul's missionary activity and theology is seen as such historical crossroad with far- reaching social consequences. Another part elaborately deals with the most important and influential interpretations of Paul in current non-Christian philosophy: Jacob Taubes, Alain Badiou, Giorgio Agamben. The attention is given not only to presentation of their interpretations but also to utilizations and interpretative gaps, which could be observed in the way these authors read and understand Paul. Though for different reasons, for all of them...

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1 Skovajsa, Marián
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