National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Study and optimization of mixotrophic growth of selected strains of autotrophic microorganisms
Miheeva, Alexandra ; Sikorová, Pavlína (referee) ; Sniegoňová, Pavlína (advisor)
This bachelor thesis investigated the production of microalgal metabolites in response to stress conditions. In recent decades, there has been a growing interest in the research and application of algae in various fields such as food, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, biotechnology and energy industries. The microalgae strains selected for this work are Desmodesmus quadricaudea (CCALA 464), Chlorella minutissima (CCALA 916), Desmodesmus subscapitus (CCALA 688), Scendesmus pleiomorphus (CCALA 460). The theoretical part of the work focuses on the description of selected genera of microorganisms, conditions of their cultivation and metabolites produced. Furthermore, stress factors and analytical methods used to identify and quantify the produced substances are discussed. In the practical part of the thesis, the cultivation procedure, biomass processing and metabolite analysis are described, together with a presentation of the results obtained. Algal strains Desmodesmus subscapitus, Scenedesmus pleiomorpfus and Chlorella minutissima showed the highest alcohol consumption in HPLC-RI analysis, making them the most suitable candidates for possible mixotrophic cultivation. Growth optimization of Chlorella minutissima was also performed and analyzed in this work. Its results are presented in the practical section.
Optimization of the co-cultivation of the yeast Phaffia rhodozyma with selected strains of autotrophic microorganisms
Shelekhova, Olga ; Sniegoňová, Pavlína (referee) ; Sikorová, Pavlína (advisor)
This bachelor thesis was focused on the cultivation of Phaffia rhodozyma yeast on different carbon sources in laboratory conditions and on the optimization of co-cultivation conditions of Phaffia rhodozyma yeast strain with selected strains of autotrophic microorganisms on media with the most suitable carbon sources. The yeast strains of microorganisms under study were the yeast Phaffia rhodozyma (CCY 77-1) and the microalgae Desmodesmus communis (CCALA 464). Cultures were carried out on media containing glucose, glycerol, coffee oil, frying oil, ethanol, isopropanol, methanol, molasses, and waste alcohol. The work is divided into two main parts, theoretical part, and practical part. The theoretical part includes information about the yeast and microalgae genus used, description of waste substrates, metabolites monitored and methods of analysis of these substances. The experimental part focuses on cultivation, co-cultivation and optimization of production media. Cultivation conditions, biomass processing, metabolite analysis and the results obtained have been described
Influence of stress and nutritional conditions on carotenogenic yeast and microalgal metabolism
Sikorová, Pavlína ; Byrtusová, Dana (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
This bachelor thesis describes the infuence of biological stress (co-cultivations) on the growth and metabolism of selected carotenogenic yeasts and microalgae. The metabolites of these microorganisms are chlorophyll and carotenoids, which are natural pigments and antioxidants. In theory, co-cultivation is a cultivation where microorganisms mutually support each other in the growth and production of metabolites. This would cause the increased production of previously mentioned chlorophyll and carotenoids. The theoretical part of the work is focused on the description of selected species of yeasts and microalgae and further discusses in more detail, the topics of stress factors depending on the growth and metabolism of microorganisms. The experimental part then deals with different types of cultivation and cocultivation and tries to optimize the production media and find the best symbiotic yeasts and microalgae. Furthemore the issue of different ratios of microorganisms in co-cultivations is also addressed here. The cultivated yeasts strains were Rhodotorula kratochvilovae, Rhodosporidium toruloides and Phaffia rhodozyma. And microalgae strains were Desmodesmus acutus, Desmodesmus quadricauda, Coccomyxa sp., Chlorella sorokiniana, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Scenedesmus obliquus. Cultivated cyanobacterium was Synechoccocus nidulans. The most successful co-cultivation experiment was the one with R. kratochvilovae and yeast Desm. quadricauda. This experiment was very succesful in all aspects.
Cultivation of carotenogenic yeasts in the presence of biological stress induced by selected strains of autotrophic microalgae
Sikorová, Pavlína ; Byrtusová, Dana (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
Presented Master’s thesis was focused on biological and nutrient stress in cultivations of green microalgae and carotenogenic yeasts. The focus of interest was production of biomass in different types of cultivation media, production of metabolites (mainly carotenoids and chlorophylls) and also production of lipids and lipophilic substances. All types of aplied stress was used to lead to an increased production of biomass and metabolites. The theoretical part deals with introduction of individual genera of carotenogenic yeast and green microalgae. The types of cultivation stress were also described. In addition, the analytic methods for qualitative and quantitative analysis are also introduced. The experimental part was focused on the study of biomass, carotenoids, chlorophylls, coenzym Q, sterols and lipids production. Biological stress was induced by cocultivation of microalgae and yeasts together.Nutrient stress meant adding macroelements or waste oils to the medium. Yeasts of interest were Rhodosporidium toruloides, Rhodotorula kratochvilovae and Sporobolomyces pararoseus. Microalgae was represented by Desmodesmus acutus, Desmodesmus armatus, Scenedesmus obliquus, Desmodesmus velitaris, Desmodesmus communis, Coccomyxa sp. Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Chlorella minutissima. Generally the most successful multicultivator experiment was cocultivation with yeast R. kratochvilovae. In the case of cultivation on waste oils, the best producers of biomass and metabolites were co-cultivation experiments with the yeast R. toruloides. In microalgal experiments, it was found that nutritional stress in the form of glycerol added to the medium had an inhibitory effect on the growth and metabolism of microalgae.
Tensiomyography – measurement uncertainty analysis
Sikorová, Pavlína ; Mornstein, Vojtěch (referee) ; Vlk, Daniel (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis deals with the analysis of measurement uncertainty during the tensiomyographic measuring. Seven factors have been suggested (i.e. uncertainties), that may cause an error in measurement. Their influence on the measured parameters was tested in a series of experiments on m. biceps femoris and m. biceps brachii of two subjects. The results of these tests were then compared with the referential values from the physiotherapist and the device manufacturer. Based on this comparison, the extent of uncertainty of diagnostically essential parameters Dm and Dc has been designated. Dm is heavily influenced by six parameters out of seven, whereas Tc is influenced only by one.
Biotechnological utilization of cellulose wastes by carotenogenic yeasts
Čarnoká, Daniela ; Sikorová, Pavlína (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
The main objective of the bachelor thesis was to analyze the production of metabolites through the cultivation of selected carotenogenic yeast strains on various waste cellulose substrates. Carotenogenic yeasts are microorganisms capable of utilizing waste cellulose substrates, after suitable chemical pretreatment, as an energy source. Their cultivation leads to the accumulation of biologically active compounds, such as carotenoids, fatty acids, ergosterol, and ubiquinone. The thesis has two main sections: the theoretical part, which encompasses the description of the utilized yeast strains, the produced metabolites, and the waste cellulose substrates, and the experimental part, which details the processing of cellulose waste, yeast cultivation, and the methods employed to determine biomass and metabolite production. The primary waste substrates selected were wood shavings, hemp pellets, and coffee grounds. The study focused on analyzing the production properties of the following yeast strains: Rhodotorula kratochvilae (CCY 20-2-26), Rhodotorula mucilaginosa (CCY 19-4-6) and (CCY 20-9-7), Rhodosporidium toruloides (CCY 062-002-004), Sporidiobolus metaroseus (CCY 19-6-20), Sporidiobolus pararoseus (CCY 19-9-6), and Cystofilobasidium macerans (CCY 10-1-2). The results of the work show that the utilization of cellulose waste as a nutrient source is a possible alternative for the cultivation of carotenogenic yeasts.
Cultivation of carotenogenic yeasts in the presence of biological stress induced by selected strains of autotrophic microalgae
Sikorová, Pavlína ; Byrtusová, Dana (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
Presented Master’s thesis was focused on biological and nutrient stress in cultivations of green microalgae and carotenogenic yeasts. The focus of interest was production of biomass in different types of cultivation media, production of metabolites (mainly carotenoids and chlorophylls) and also production of lipids and lipophilic substances. All types of aplied stress was used to lead to an increased production of biomass and metabolites. The theoretical part deals with introduction of individual genera of carotenogenic yeast and green microalgae. The types of cultivation stress were also described. In addition, the analytic methods for qualitative and quantitative analysis are also introduced. The experimental part was focused on the study of biomass, carotenoids, chlorophylls, coenzym Q, sterols and lipids production. Biological stress was induced by cocultivation of microalgae and yeasts together.Nutrient stress meant adding macroelements or waste oils to the medium. Yeasts of interest were Rhodosporidium toruloides, Rhodotorula kratochvilovae and Sporobolomyces pararoseus. Microalgae was represented by Desmodesmus acutus, Desmodesmus armatus, Scenedesmus obliquus, Desmodesmus velitaris, Desmodesmus communis, Coccomyxa sp. Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Chlorella minutissima. Generally the most successful multicultivator experiment was cocultivation with yeast R. kratochvilovae. In the case of cultivation on waste oils, the best producers of biomass and metabolites were co-cultivation experiments with the yeast R. toruloides. In microalgal experiments, it was found that nutritional stress in the form of glycerol added to the medium had an inhibitory effect on the growth and metabolism of microalgae.
Respiratory Rate Estimation From Ecg And Ppg Signals Via Continuouswavelet Transfor
Sikorova, Pavlina
In this paper, a novel approach to estimate the respiratory rate from ECG and PPG signalsis proposed. The respiration signal is extracted from both signals using the continuous wavelettransform and the rate is estimated in time as well as frequency domain. Subsequent fusion of differentapproaches provides the result more robust. Designed algorithm predicts the breathing frequencywith the mean absolute error of 0.96 breaths per minute.
Influence of stress and nutritional conditions on carotenogenic yeast and microalgal metabolism
Sikorová, Pavlína ; Byrtusová, Dana (referee) ; Szotkowski, Martin (advisor)
This bachelor thesis describes the infuence of biological stress (co-cultivations) on the growth and metabolism of selected carotenogenic yeasts and microalgae. The metabolites of these microorganisms are chlorophyll and carotenoids, which are natural pigments and antioxidants. In theory, co-cultivation is a cultivation where microorganisms mutually support each other in the growth and production of metabolites. This would cause the increased production of previously mentioned chlorophyll and carotenoids. The theoretical part of the work is focused on the description of selected species of yeasts and microalgae and further discusses in more detail, the topics of stress factors depending on the growth and metabolism of microorganisms. The experimental part then deals with different types of cultivation and cocultivation and tries to optimize the production media and find the best symbiotic yeasts and microalgae. Furthemore the issue of different ratios of microorganisms in co-cultivations is also addressed here. The cultivated yeasts strains were Rhodotorula kratochvilovae, Rhodosporidium toruloides and Phaffia rhodozyma. And microalgae strains were Desmodesmus acutus, Desmodesmus quadricauda, Coccomyxa sp., Chlorella sorokiniana, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Scenedesmus obliquus. Cultivated cyanobacterium was Synechoccocus nidulans. The most successful co-cultivation experiment was the one with R. kratochvilovae and yeast Desm. quadricauda. This experiment was very succesful in all aspects.
Tensiomyography – measurement uncertainty analysis
Sikorová, Pavlína ; Mornstein, Vojtěch (referee) ; Vlk, Daniel (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis deals with the analysis of measurement uncertainty during the tensiomyographic measuring. Seven factors have been suggested (i.e. uncertainties), that may cause an error in measurement. Their influence on the measured parameters was tested in a series of experiments on m. biceps femoris and m. biceps brachii of two subjects. The results of these tests were then compared with the referential values from the physiotherapist and the device manufacturer. Based on this comparison, the extent of uncertainty of diagnostically essential parameters Dm and Dc has been designated. Dm is heavily influenced by six parameters out of seven, whereas Tc is influenced only by one.

See also: similar author names
7 Sikorova, Pavlina
4 Sikorová, Petra
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