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Albert Speer as an utopian urbanist? The Plan for the Rebuilding of Berlin in Comparison with The Radiant City by Le Corbusier
Rambousek, Filip ; Mikulová, Soňa (advisor) ; Pelánová, Anita (referee)
During the first half of the 20th century several urban concepts, based on criticism of the cities of that time, had been formulated. Their purpose was to carry out a social change by the means of the change of the physical environment. The plans for the rebuilding of Berlin were produced at the same time as The Radiant City by Le Corbusier, which serves as a model of the above-mentioned concepts. The author is using a comparative method to find out whether it is even possible in general, and if yes, then also to what extent, to consider Speer's plans for the rebuilding of Berlin one of the urban utopias represented here by The Radiant City. The thesis itself is based on thorough analysis of both projects from the perspective of functionality, as well as their ideological roots and political and other goals. To include all possible factors that could have influenced the development of the plans, there is also space dedicated to the biographies of the two men and to the circumstances under which the plans were developed given the social and political situation.
Housing Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany and Czechoslovakia in 1948/9-1960
Rambousek, Filip ; Kunštát, Miroslav (advisor) ; Konrád, Ota (referee)
The thesis analyses housing policy in the Federal Republic of Germany and Czechoslovakia in 1948/9-1960. The aim of the thesis is to verify the assumption, that whereas housing policy of the FRG can be considered as rather successful, that of Czechoslovakia was rather unsuccessful. In addition to that, the thesis aims at interpreting the success/failure with respect to 1) the factual political steps of the two regimes, 2) the level of economic development and demographic trends, 3) the traditions of housing policies before 1948/9 and 4) the situation in housing sector immediately after WWII. The successfulness of housing policy is derived from its results in realm of dwelling construction, financial affordability and quality of housing. The methodological section contains a theoretical classification of the two political and social systems and a definition of housing policy and criteria of the comparison. Following two chapters analyse housing policy traditions before 1948/9 and housing policy of the two states in 1948/9-1960. In the latter case, before anything else, the chapter introduces the institutional framework, main actors and the most important legislation. However, the comparison as such is rather based on results of the respective housing policies. These are - in the last section -...
Albert Speer as an utopian urbanist? The Plan for the Rebuilding of Berlin in Comparison with The Radiant City by Le Corbusier
Rambousek, Filip ; Mikulová, Soňa (advisor) ; Pelánová, Anita (referee)
During the first half of the 20th century several urban concepts, based on criticism of the cities of that time, had been formulated. Their purpose was to carry out a social change by the means of the change of the physical environment. The plans for the rebuilding of Berlin were produced at the same time as The Radiant City by Le Corbusier, which serves as a model of the above-mentioned concepts. The author is using a comparative method to find out whether it is even possible in general, and if yes, then also to what extent, to consider Speer's plans for the rebuilding of Berlin one of the urban utopias represented here by The Radiant City. The thesis itself is based on thorough analysis of both projects from the perspective of functionality, as well as their ideological roots and political and other goals. To include all possible factors that could have influenced the development of the plans, there is also space dedicated to the biographies of the two men and to the circumstances under which the plans were developed given the social and political situation.