National Repository of Grey Literature 130 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Synthesis, properties and product of hydration of strontium aluminate cement
Kocián, Karel ; Bartoníčková, Eva (referee) ; Ptáček, Petr (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with non-traditional binder, which is strontium aluminate, with his preparation and hydration. The behaviour of binary and ternary mixtures of strontium-calcium-barium aluminates was also studied. These aluminates were prepared by firing an equimolar mixture of aluminum oxide and the appropriate carbonate. Samples prepared this way, including their mixtures, were characterized by analytical methods such as X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), thermal analysis with evolved gas analysis (TG-DTA and EGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and calorimetry, with the greatest importance for the study of the hydration process.
The optimization of phosphate binders compozition used for refractories
Kalousová, Hana ; Ptáček, Petr (referee) ; Opravil, Tomáš (advisor)
This thesis deals with optimization of the composition phosphate binders. These binders are used in production of refractories. In this branch, the bauxite is very often used as an aggregate, but it contains tiny particles of iron which arise in milling process. These particles of iron react with the phosphate binder to form hydrogen – it is consequence of the reaction between phosphoric acid and iron. The formed gas causes the formation of bubbles and the deformation of refractories. The goal of this thesis is to find suitable additives which can be used to stop or to limit the production of hydrogen. Usually used binders were replaced by a model binder to simplify the system and for better understanding. The model binder was prepared in laboratory by dissolving aluminium hydroxide in phosphoric acid. They used pure powdered pentacarbonyl iron instead of tiny iron particles from the milling process. The model binder was modified with using a few inhibitors. The calcimetr was used to measure their influence on the production of hydrogen, as well as measuring concentrated rows of selected inhibitors. These rows are necessary to optimize the inhibitors quantity added in the binder.
Preparation and Characterization of Porous Magnesium Based Materials
Březina, Matěj ; Pacal, Bohumil (referee) ; Vojtěch, Dalibor (referee) ; Ptáček, Petr (advisor)
Bulk magnesium materials produced nowadays via powder metallurgy are based on a vastly extensive technological spectrum, which makes it possible to create a wide range of materials. This work focuses on the preparation of bulk materials from magnesium powder by cold pressing and hot pressing, sintering and field assisted sintering. The bulk materials were prepared in a series of compacting pressures from 100 MPa to 500 MPa and the sintering temperatures were selected in the range of 300 ° C to 600 ° C in order to characterize the influence of the manufacturing conditions and technology on the final properties of bulk materials. Prepared materials were evaluated in terms of microstructure, hardness, microhardness, three-point bend test, and fractography. From the hot pressed materials, the samples prepared at 400 and 500 MPa and 400 °C had the highest strength and hardness. The classic sintering of magnesium in the furnace with argon atmosphere proved to be ineffective due to the oxide layer on the surface and the presence of oxygen in technical argon. The SPS sintering (Spark Plasma Sintering) was the more effective with the lower applying pressure used to make the preforms and with the higher applied pressure during the SPS process itself. Highest strength and hardness were achieved in this case of materials sintered at 600 ° C prepared from free powder and the most porous preform (100 MPa). The bulk materials were prepared using all methods used, but the properties of these materials varied considerably depending on the technology used.
Ballistic-Proof Concretes
Koutný, Ondřej ; Bílek,, Vlastimil (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (referee) ; Ptáček, Petr (advisor)
Doctoral thesis „Ballistic-proof concretes“ deals with description, design and development of material based on ultra-high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composite with increased ballistic resistance i.e. increased resistance against high-strain rate dynamic loading induced by interaction of high-velocity moving objects. High mechanical properties, essential for such a material, are reached especially by maximal reduction of water-to-binder coefficient using high-range water reducing agents, high-strength aggregates and dense structure by precise selection and dosage of raw materials in the recipe. The main goal is to prepare a methodology for design of such a materials, observation of material behaviour on ballistic loading and quantitative description of material response for protective structures design. Properties of designed materials within this thesis are comparing with properties of commercially available and commonly used cementitious composites in order to create a concept for material limits in the field of ballistic protection. This concept enables to estimate ballistic protection of present or newly-designed materials and structures.
Preparation of Tobermorite
Dlabajová, Lucie ; Palou, Martin (referee) ; Martinec, Petr (referee) ; Ptáček, Petr (advisor)
This doctoral thesis is focused on the study of reactions in the CaO–SiO2–H2O complex system, primarily to the synthesis of crystalline tobermorite. Hydrothermal conditions are necessary for the formation of crystalline tobermorite, whereas the course of the reaction is influenced by several factors. The main studied factor was the choice of the silica sources differing in means of solubility, crystallinity, particle size distribution, specific surface area, and purity. The water-to-solid ratio turned to be also an important factor as the length of the hydrothermal reaction. The influence of the mechanochemical pretreatment of starting materials to the final phase composition of samples was studied as well. The obtained results show that the crystallinity of the silica source is the main factor influencing the reaction rate and the purity of the synthesized tobermorite. While using the crystalline silica source the shorter silicate chains are formed and the formation of tobermorite structure is easier. Using the amorphous silica sources and the mechanochemical pretreatement of starting materials prolong the hydrothermal reaction. The prepared samples are always the mixture of crystalline or semicrystalline calcium hydrosilicates instead of the phase pure tobermorite.
Phosphate binders
Kalina, Lukáš ; Ptáček, Petr (referee) ; Šoukal, František (advisor)
The work deals with the preparation and study of polyphosphate composites. Aluminum phosphates provide some unusual properties like high-heat resistance in terms of inorganic binders. The addition of chromium in the form of Cr2O3 or directly the bond with the aluminum-chromium-phosphate can improve the properties of this binder. Highly viscous Al2Cr(H2PO4)9 and Al3Cr(H2PO4)12 binders were prepared by dissolving Al(OH)3 and CrO3 in 85% phosphoric acid, and mixed with Al2O3 and Cr2O3 fillers. The composites were cured in the furnace at 150 °C for 24 h under pressure of 10 MPa. During the annealing at temperatures up to 1 500 °C changes in chemical structure of the cured composites were observed, leading to the understanding of the creation of crystalline phases and their eventual changes. The characterization of binders was mainly based on FT-IR, EDAX, TG-DTA and optical microscopy analyses.
Crash-Test Data Analysis - Frontal Impacts
Mikulášková, Lucie ; Ptáček, Petr (referee) ; Bradáč, Albert (advisor)
In this thesis are solved the problematics of crash tests. It is focused primarily on front impacts with full or part overlap. In the introduction are described the best known methods used in forensic - engineering practice for determination of energy equivalent speed (EES). Exactly specified impact tests, which are part of passive safety, are being addressed by several organizations around the world. In the practical part of this diploma thesis are solved four frontal impact tests, which were documented with the participation of the Institute of Forensic Ingeneering BUT in Brno.. These impact tests were performed to capture and analyze the data, resulting in the deformation energy used for permanent damage to the vehicle. Subsequently, the EES parameters were set for each vehicle.
Monitoring of corrosion of refractory lining
Taraba, Vojtěch ; Ptáček, Petr (referee) ; Opravil, Tomáš (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis is focused on the monitoring of corrosion of refractory lining in the cement rotary kiln, chemical and mineralogical changes of the refractory and their influence on the lining properties. Magnesia-spinel refractories located in the lower transition zone are analyzed by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy.
Thermal-Mechanical Analysis of the Cylinder of the Four-stroke Engine
Ptáček, Petr ; Raffai, Peter (referee) ; Dlugoš, Jozef (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on creating a finite element method model of a four-stroke engine with a purpose to determine an impact on cylinder bore distortion caused by several types of loading. Introduction of this work covers research of possibilities in modelling thermal-structural analysis of cylinder liner and verifications of the analysis results. An Ansys model was further created and cylinder liner radial deformation caused by head bolts tightening and thermal loading coming from combustion was determined. Finally, a whole engine working cycle was simulated with a gas pressure loading and its final impact on the total cylinder liner radial deformation was defined.

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See also: similar author names
1 Ptáček, Patrik
12 Ptáček, Pavel
1 Ptáček, Petr Bc.
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