National Repository of Grey Literature 36 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Impact of Operation Parameters on Fine Combustion Particles Concentration in the Flue Gas of Biomass Boilers
Poláčik, Ján ; Masaryk, Michal (referee) ; Adamec, Vladimír (referee) ; Pospíšil, Jiří (advisor)
This work deals with the impact of operating parameters on fine combustion particles formation in the flue gas of biomass combustion device. The research part of the work describes the properties of fine particles, its basic division, impact on human health and the environment. The basic knowledge of the influence of biomass combustion process on fine particles production up to 1 µm in size is summarized. The main part describes the experimental setup for evaluating the size distribution of fine particles. The following section describes the experimental setup with measured results for various combustion parameters in laboratory combustion, automatic boilers, as well as in the manual wood-burning combustion device. The main parameters which were tested were combustion temperature, oxygen amount, type of fuel and geometry of the burned biomass. The impact of individual parameters on the formation of the fine particles is evaluated. The final part of the thesis summarizes the ways in which it is possible to significantly influence the emissions of fine particles by the appropriate choice of combustion operating parameters.
Thermal stability of the biomass combustion process
Grygar, Jan ; Špiláček, Michal (referee) ; Poláčik, Ján (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on fne particles, which are produced by small combustion units, and their reduction. The frst chapter deals with the issue of fne particles, their creation, composition and their impact on man and the enviroment. The last chapter deals with the design of solution for reducing of emissions of small biomass combustion units.
Fine particles and air-cleaning
Bírošíková, Martina ; Sitek, Tomáš (referee) ; Poláčik, Ján (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with issues with fine and ultrafine particles, also called particulate matter, which is strongly associated with enviromental problems and negative effect on human health, especially cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this work is to describe the formation and characteristics of fine particles produced by biomass combustion. The experimental part firstly explains funcional principle of used devices and then compares measured concentrations of ultra fine particles produced by combustion of spruce and beech wood. In the end, several posibilites how to eliminate the air pollutants are presented.
Effective Heating Systems for Family Houses
Čulík, Martin ; Poláčik, Ján (referee) ; Lisý, Martin (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis deals with a summary of basic information and possibilities of heating family houses. Designing the right type of heating system is really important factor for a good operation of heating and also for the right comfort inside of the house. There will be description and calculations of the specific house in the second part of the thesis.
Emissions from the burning of garden waste
Kuznetsova, Oksana ; Poláčik, Ján (referee) ; Baláš, Marek (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of production of gaseous and solid pollutants in the incineration of garden waste. The aim was to carry out and evaluate the experiment. During the evaluation, it was found that the incineration of garden waste produces many times more emissions, than the incineration of wood in the boiler. The reason for the high emission concentrations was the fuel composition and the combustion process. Furthermore, fine particles in the range 17.5–532.8 nm were investigated. In the theoretical part, a literary search was created, which was based on Czech and foreign professional literature.
Nanosafety and the Current Trends in the Risk Assessment of Nanoparticles
Pavlíková, Stela ; Poláčik, Ján (referee) ; Adamec, Vladimír (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the current state of nanosafety. The aim of this paper was to review and critically analyze approaches to facilitate the risk assassment of nanomaterials. In the first part it provides an overview of the most important methods and software tools that are used in this field. Methods were analyzed against a set of relevant criteria. Criteria include consideration of exposure, life cycle and physicochemical properties, transparency, applicability and the field of application. Different criteria were chosen for the software tools. Based on results, a new approach was suggested. The approach takes the form of a diagram based on questions. The purpose of the suggested approach is to recommend the most relevant method, tool or their combination to assess the safety of a nanomaterial depending on known characteristics. The approach was also implemented in a software tool.
"Power-to-Gas" Energy Storage Technology
Gálíček, Radomír ; Špiláček, Michal (referee) ; Poláčik, Ján (advisor)
Climate change is becoming a severe global issue which demands innovative technical solutions. If, in the context of reduction of gaseous carbon emissions, the share of renewable energy resources continued to rise, the need for energy storage would emerge. That could mean a shift towards hydrogen focused technologies. This bachelor’s thesis focuses on Power to gas processes and summarizes means of hydrogen production, storage and transportation. All the mentioned aspects are reviewed from technological and economical point of view. Conventional methods of hydrogen production from fossil fuels are the most common, but usage of electrolysis or biological methods may prove as competitive options in near future. Furthermore, the usage of fuel cells in the field of small-scale cogeneration units is recently going through a phase of dynamic development. The practical part of this thesis focuses on designing a seasonal Power to gas unit for a semi-detached house which is powered exclusively by renewable resources. From numerous variants the best one was chosen and compared to a conventional energy storage using lithium batteries. It is shown that even thou the electrochemical cells are more flexible variant they couldn’t match Power to gas technology in the term of seasonal energy storage.
Boilers for solid fuel
Mozola, Ondrej ; Poláčik, Ján (referee) ; Baláš, Marek (advisor)
Main goal of this bachelor thesis is a research about a different kinds of low performance boilers used for heating in family houses. First part is dedicated to characteristics of solid fuels and advantages or disadvantages of their usage. The second part is focused on composition of solid fuels and their most important observed properties. The third part divides boilers using solid fuels into different categories. Last part consists of comparative calculation of financial costs needed on heating in selected family house with different boilers.
General ways for transformation aircraft jet engine to aeroderivative
Pokorný, Šimon ; Poláčik, Ján (referee) ; Škorpík, Jiří (advisor)
Purpose of these Bachelor thesis is to apprize the reader with the generals principles of transformation aircraft turbojet to aeroderivative. Part of the work are elementary functional principles and structural design of combustion turbine used for aircraft applications. They are connected to stationary power units designed to produce elektricity. The last chapter introduce separate transformation processes to change aircraft turbojet to aeroderivative.
House energy solutions using renewable energy sources
Sabo, Martin ; Vavříková, Petra (referee) ; Poláčik, Ján (advisor)
This bachelor thesis discusses the role of renewable sources of energy in energetics of a family house and technologies providing this possibility. Special care is given to power production, heating and air conditioning. The issue of low-energy and passive houses is described in the beginning of the thesis, leading to acknowledgement with different types of energy sources. Analytic part of the thesis contains general information about ways of heating and power production using renewable sources of energy. Different ways of ventilation are introduced and suitability of specific technologies assessed. The practical part describes design of ventilation and heating unit in an experimental house.

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