National Repository of Grey Literature 417 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Invalidity of Arbitration Clauses - Development of Case Law and Practikal Implications
Číhal, Jan ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
This diploma thesis mostly analyses case law, concerning invalidity of arbitration clauses. The thesis analyses how the courts have been dealing with key arbitration issues which arose in recent years. The diploma thesis defines common reasons for arbitration clauses' invalidity and points out the current case law's conclusions. The thesis also stresses the implications of arbitration clause's invalidity on enforcement and insolvency proceedings and points out problematical aspects of the current case law.
Čeladník, Filip ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
1 The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the main aspects of the Czech legal regulation of the arbitration proceeding under the view of the particular Western European national and international legal orders. By doing so, the author strives for critical review of the arbitration proceeding as per the Czech legal order under the worldwide perspectives and with the prism of modern Western European and world legal theory of the arbitration proceeding. The intention of such research is to determine if the contemporary Czech legal regulation of the arbitration proceeding is in conformity with the modern theory and practice of the arbitration proceeding. This thesis also aims to answer a question whether the Czech courts shall have the right to review the application of law by the arbitrators. The author is seeking to answer this question by comparing the the Czech, or rather Continental system of law with the law of England and Wales.
The competence of arbitrators for deciding property disputes (from the perspective of their independence and impartiality)
Ryšavý, Lukáš ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
The main focus of this doctoral thesis is arbitration; the phenomenon of not only an out- of-court dispute resolution but also international commercial relations. Arbitration is a modern legal institute that is regarded as an equivalent alternative to court proceedings. Independence and impartiality of the arbitrator are very important and at the same time very problematic aspects of arbitration. These two principals accompany the arbitration since the beginning of the modern era of this institution and they are still perceived as essential criteria of the arbitration. Independent and impartial decision-makers are an integral part of the right to a fair trial enshrined in Art. 36 subsection 1 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms and Art. 6 subsection 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Although such legislation refers to the court in terms of a state court, in the course of this thesis was demonstrated that these attributes are also applicable to arbitrators, even though they must be interpreted in arbitration proceedings with respect to the characteristics of arbitration. Due to the fact that resolving disputes in this way is the most common approach in international trade, the main focus of this thesis is to depict the issues of independence and impartiality in relation of...
Invalidity of Arbitration Clauses - Development of Case Law and Practikal Implications
Číhal, Jan ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
This diploma thesis mostly analyses case law, concerning invalidity of arbitration clauses. The thesis analyses how the courts have been dealing with key arbitration issues which arose in recent years. The diploma thesis defines common reasons for arbitration clauses' invalidity and points out the current case law's conclusions. The thesis also stresses the implications of arbitration clause's invalidity on enforcement and insolvency proceedings and points out problematical aspects of the current case law.
The trial concentration
Steinerová, Jolana ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Frintová, Dita (referee)
Concentration of Proceedings Abstract My rigorous thesis is focused on legal institute of Concentration of the Proceedings and Summary / Simplified Procedures more precisely Payment Order Procedures as well as their limits. From time immemorial, there has been a requirement for a fair court decision, i.e. the court should grant his decision when all the facts are carefully examined by a court. It is very often time consuming for court to meet this requirement and thanks to this a court gets in collision with another important requirement or principle - Speed of Proceedings relating with final solution of the case. It is therefore a question to determine the moment until when (i) new facts in the proceedings can be stated and (ii) evidence to prove them can be proposed. Current legislation of Concentration of Proceedings is strictly based on the principle of legal concentration of proceedings. Czech legislation doesn't know judicial concentration of proceedings de lege lata. However, our Justice itself found its way through interpretation which means that court either fails to give proper notice or simply doesn't end first hearing (pre-trial proceedings) until closing of proceedings upon final judgement. Legal concentration of proceedings should be in balance with the duty of the court to instruct...
Enforcement of non-monetary receivables in an enforcement procedure led by a licensed enforcement officer
Kapitán, David ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Sedláček, Miroslav (referee)
This rigorous thesis deals with what its author considers a rather neglected topic of enforcement of non-monetary claims by licensed enforcement officers. Apart from the introductory and the final sections, it is divided into a total of eleven chapters, in which the author first describes individual methods of enforcing non-monetary claims, then follows with an analysis of their common principles. After a general introduction, the author shortly examines the concept and problematics of enforcement, while the second chapter is dedicated to enforceable titles imposing non- monetary obligations and the third chapter to the commencement of enforcement proceedings. Following chapters then analyse individual methods of enforcing non-monetary claims. The fourth chapter deals with eviction, its preparation, execution and the steps immediately following it; the fifth chapter deals with recovery of unlawfully held property, i.e. the very act of confiscation by the enforcement officer as well as the eventual procedure in case the confiscated property cannot be found; the sixth chapter deals with partition of property, both by its sale and by physical separation. The seventh chapter deals with completion of works and other performances, both substitutable and non-substitutable, while the eight chapter deals...
Enforcement of judgement and execution for maintenance and support of a minor
Vláčilová, Eliška ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Frintová, Dita (referee)
1 Abstract This rigorous thesis deals with the issue of judicial and execution recovery of maintenance for a minor child. The work is conceived as a comprehensive treatise on the topic. The first part includes the definition of the maintenance obligation, questions concerning the relevant aspects of determining the amount of maintenance on the part of both the obligated parent and the entitled child, and maintenance proceedings in the discovery procedure. The second part of the thesis contains a basic overview of the enforcement proceedings, the differences of the execution and judicial enforcement of the decision are defined. Work is mainly done with the execution regulation, as in practice prevailing for the enforcement of enforceable obligations. The thesis describes the execution process, including its individual subjects and preconditions for conducting execution, execution principles and execution titles. A substantial part of the work is devoted to general ways of execution, because the recovery of maintenance is to some extent a mere enforcement of pecuniary obligations and at the same time it is the ways in which maintenance is most often collected. The main part is the chapter dealing with the specifics of recovery of child support. Problematic aspects of the enforcement of a maintenance decision...
Interim measures in civil proceedings
Nguyen Hoang, Long ; Pohl, Tomáš (advisor) ; Macková, Alena (referee)
An interim measure is a procedural institute, which aims to prevent possible negative consequences to the legal sphere of the applicant in case he would not be able to exercise his rights until the court's final decision is made. This is a frequently used procedural institute, which can ensure a quick but only temporary adjustment of the conditions of the participants in the legal proceedings. The author divided the thesis into three chapters. In the first chapter, the author deals with the concept of interim measures, its nature and the distinction of different types of interim measures. To understand the meaning of interim measures, the author focused in the second part of this chapter on the historical development of interim measures. The second chapter is most crucial because it focuses on the interim measures in Civil Code Procedure. The legal regulation of the general interim measures can be used for special interim measures as an alternative to their regulation in Special Court Proceedings. The author dealt in detail with all aspects of general interim measures, in particular the general preconditions for ordering interim measures, the procedural process from the filing of the application to the issue of the decision and the possibility to appeal against the decision. In the third chapter,...
Debt discharge - remediation way of resolving the bankruptcy
Malý, Miroslav ; Sedláček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
Insolvency law is a dynamic discipline which is gaining awareness of many people. The main purpose of insolvency law is to resolve the insolvency or imminent bankruptcy of a debtor using one of the methods under the insolvency act, in order to resolve property relations to persons affected by the debtor's bankruptcy. In addition to bankruptcy order and restructuring one of the methods of resolving debtor's insolvency is debt discharge. The subject of this rigorous thesis is the instrument of debt discharge, with particular focus on the last amendment of the insolvency act, which substantially changed the debt discharge proceedings. The aim of this thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of debt discharge, the course of insolvency proceedings and its successful end describing all of its consequences. The thesis also summarizes on the most important changes made by last amendment of the Insolvency Act and draws attention to problems, which can occur in practice when interpreting of some of the new provisions. The first chapter includes brief summary of insolvency proceeding and historical development of the insolvency law. It further contains analysis of fundamental sources of insolvency law and definition of the concept of bankruptcy and debt discharge which are crucial for this thesis. The...
Transaction Avoidance in Insolvency Proceedings. Comparison of Czech and British Legislation
Mudroch, Luboš ; Macková, Alena (advisor) ; Pohl, Tomáš (referee)
THE TITLE OF THE DIPLOMA THESIS AND ABSTRACT TITLE: Transaction Avoidance in Insolvency Proceedings Comparison of Czech and British Legislation ABSTRACT: The general goal of transaction avoidance in insolvency proceedings is to prevent the adverse effects of economic entity's collapse that might be multiplied both by an interest of the collapsing entity to dispose the residual property to connected or associated subjects and by a plurality of creditors with conflicting interests and logical motivation not to be subjected to the mandatory rules of the insolvency proceedings. The current attitude and status of Czech legislation and jurisprudence to transaction avoidance is affected by the fact that within the socialism (and the related decadence of jurisprudence) this legislation could not sufficiently evolve which resulted in a situation that Czech legislation is currently dealing with multiple theoretical and practical deficiencies that neighboring legal systems have dealt with many decades ago. The main goal of this theses is to provide thorough analysis of both Czech and (with regards to the content limit of this theses) also the British legislation and to point out the most crucial deficiencies in Czech legislation and possible inspiration in the British legislation. The theses is divided into four...

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