National Repository of Grey Literature 65 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Lobbying and Corruption in European Union Legislative Procedure
Prudilová, Eva ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Navrátil, Petr (referee)
Lobbying and Corruption in the European Union Legislative Procedure Abstract The diploma thesis deals with influencing the legislative process of the European Union. Legislation at European Union level affects the lives of millions of citizens as well as the functioning of legal systems and law in the Member States. Although the primary law of the European Union presupposes the participation of the general public in the legislative process, which takes place precisely through interest groups, lobbyists, the issue remains neglected in the academic environment. At the same time, the word expression "lobbying" is entwined with many myths and is associated mainly with a negative meaning. The participation of lobbyists, its legitimacy, the border with the illegal influence of the legislative process is thus still perceived as a gray zone in which it is difficult to navigate. The thesis aims to distinguish between legal and legitimate participation of interest groups in the legislative process and illegal practices - corruption. To do this, an analysis of legal norms is used, which regulates both negotiations in the first and second part of the diploma thesis. In the case of corruption, it is a complex, long-evolving and clear regulation. However, comprehensive legislation on lobbying and the participation of...
European Arrest Warrant in the Light of Principle of Mutual Trust and Protection of Fundamental Rights
Martínková, Adéla ; Scheu, Harald Christian (advisor) ; Navrátil, Petr (referee)
European Arrest Warrant in the Light of Principle of Mutual Trust and Protection of Fundamental Rights Abstract European arrest warrant (EAW) is one of key instruments of mutual recognition in criminal matters. Essential elements of its fonctioning differentiate it from a traditional system of extradition and allow the system of EAW to be simpler and more efficient. EAW owns its efficiency to principle of mutual trust, which lays at its core. However, mutual trust cannot be blind and one of its limits is protection of fundamental rights. This thesis aims to find answers for questions: what are the fonctions of both principles within EAW, how are they balanced and what development has taken place so far in this matter. In order to do so, attention is brought first to the development of cooperation in criminal matters. Second chapter focuses on principle of mutual trust, which is essential for mutual recognition and EAW, but lacks a clear definition within EU law. Following chapter introduces protection of fundamental rights in EU and shows how it affects level of mutual trust between states. In the case of EAW, lack of protection of fundamental rights causes for states to be less willing to surrender a person to other member states. Level of fundamental rights protection affects the level of mutual trust and...
The principle of ensuring effective judicial protection by Member States in the context of current case law of the CJEU
Kaluha, Štěpán ; Navrátil, Petr (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
The Principle of Ensuring Effective Judicial Protection by Member States in the Context of the Current Case Law of the CJEU Abstract in English This diploma thesis named The Principle of Ensuring Effective Judicial Protection by Member States in the Context of the Current Case Law of the CJEU, deals with the manifestations of this principle in the case law of the Court of Justice, especially with regard to its horizontal dimension which is related to the ongoing judicial reforms in Poland. The objectives of the thesis are to analyse and evaluate the principle of ensuring effective judicial protection, to compare it with the principle of national procedural autonomy and, through the analysis of three recent decisions of the Court of Justice, to identify a new direction in the case law of the Court of Justice after the ASJP decision. The thesis is divided into two parts - theoretical and practical. In the theoretical part, I place the principle of ensuring effective judicial protection by Member States in the broader context of EU law as a general principle of EU law and thus part of primary law. Then I discuss the principle in detail, in particular exploring its definition in the Treaties and in the case law of the Court of Justice, analysing its content and briefly discussing the consequences of its breach...
The acquisition and loss of citizenship of the European Union
Spousta, Pavel ; Navrátil, Petr (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
This thesis deals with the issue of acquisition and loss of citizenship of the Union in relation to acquisition and loss of nationality. After brief introduction of the citizenship of the Union, its historical development, content and its position in current EU law system as well as brief definition of nationality, both in the national and international context, the thesis focuses on significant differences between Member States' regulations of acquisition and loss of citizenship of the Union. Firstly, the theses draws attention to Member States' competence to regulate personal scope of EU citizenship, then it analyses selected Member States' legislation on naturalization conditions and finally, it focuses on the EU law dimension of citizenship-for- sale programmes. At the same time, attention shifts towards Member States' regulations of loss of nationality with the aim to highlight aspects which may be problematic with regard to the loss EU citizenship. After the analysis of the regulations of acquisition and loss of EU citizenship at the Member States' level, this theses examines the limits stemming from the EU law which shape Member State's exclusive competence in the field of nationality. For this purpose, the thesis provides an overview of the CJEU's jurisprudence which deals with the issue of...
Arbitration Clauses in Bilateral Investment Treaties and their (in)compatibility with EU law
Galis, Daniel ; Navrátil, Petr (advisor) ; Vondráčková, Aneta (referee)
Arbitration Clauses in Bilateral Investment Treaties and their (in)compatibility with EU law Abstract The objective of this Master's Thesis is to critically analyse the Achmea judgment and its repercussions for the compatibility of arbitration clauses in the intra-EU BITs with the EU law. In the first part, the thesis therefore focuses on the judgment itself and identifies the main legal grounds the Court relied upon and contrasts them with the relevant case-law and doctrinal opinions. Firstly, the principle of the autonomy of the EU law is introduced and the applicability of the Article 344 TFEU on the investment arbitration is discussed. Then, it is considered whether an arbitral tribunal established under an intra-EU BIT may be a tribunal within the meaning of the Article 267 TFEU and whether subsequent review of the award by national court may be sufficient to guarantee its compliance with the EU law. Particularly, the thesis focuses on the Court's distinction between the commercial and investment arbitral tribunals. The first part ends with an analysis of the principle of the mutual trust and its role in the Achmea judgment. The second part of the thesis then deals with the development after the judgment. Following a brief introduction into the political shift against the intra-EU BITs which occurred...
Cross-border data flows from the EU: Data protection and the right to privacy
Pilgrim, Jan ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Navrátil, Petr (referee)
Cross-border data flows from the EU: Data protection and the right to privacy Abstract This thesis outlines the privacy and data protection concepts, the legal framework of the EU, namely the relevant primary law, including the Charter of the Fundamental Rights, and secondary law, such as the Data Protection Directive and General Data Protection Regulation. It furthermore examines the data protection and privacy regime of the United States with regards to private entities as well as government authorities, giving a focus on the surveillance measures of the latter and their legal basis. With regards to the private entities, the sectorial nature of the US legal regime was emphasized, and the lack of systematic legislation was illustrated. Particular focus was given to known related surveillance measures such as PRISM and Upstream and their legal basis in US law via Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. Recourse mechanisms with regards to data protection rights were detailed and analyzed. The thesis subsequently examines the two former adequacy decisions issued by the Commission, the Safe Harbor and Privacy Shield frameworks, and points out their deficiencies which were assessed in the light of relevant case law, namely the so-called Schrems I. and Schrems II. cases, elaborating on their...
Abuse of dominance on the internet
Netrval, Daniel ; Navrátil, Petr (advisor) ; Svobodová, Magdaléna (referee)
1 Abuse of dominance on the internet Abstract The topic of the thesis is the traditional competition law delict of abuse of dominant position, but on the internet. The first, theoretical, chapters of the thesis focus on the development of the concept of abuse of dominance in the European Union law during the past decades. Subsequently, they describe the digital market, its specifics and defining characteristics. The next part of this thesis uses this information to describe the specifics of competition law regulation in relation to internet services. In particular, the specifics of the definition of relevant markets and market power are analysed. The practical part of the thesis deals with a case study of two European Commission decisions. Namely, the merger decision in Case COMP/M.7217 - Facebook / WhatsApp and the abuse of dominance decision in Case AT.39740 - Google Search (Shopping). The first decision was chosen because it provides a good example of definition of the relevant markets in relation to internet services, where the Commission had to define the relevant product market based on product characteristics. The antitrust decision is then described in the light of its complexity and the judicial review that has already taken place. It also touches the issue of self-preferencing as, in principle, a...
Selected issues in technological realization of European data protection
Kubica, Jan ; Navrátil, Petr (referee)
This thesis focuses on the legal regulation of selected aspects of the personal data protection at the European level. Fuelled by the technological progress, this area of legal regulation is becoming increasingly important, as the usage of personal data can be source of both innovation and economic progress, but it also has the potential to negatively impact individuals` rights ("chilling effect"). The thesis analyses the usage of big data and automated individual decision making; both phenomena are assessed through principles contained in GDPR. The aim of the thesis is to, as far as these two phenomena are concerned, evaluate functionality and perspectives of the European regulation. The thesis is, apart from the introduction and the conclusion, divided into three chapters. The first part briefly introduces the concept of the right to the protection of personal data and the fundamental legal framework of the European regulation. This chapter is followed by a chapter focused on the big data, in which, after a necessary technical introduction is made, current practices of data controllers are contrasted with corresponding principles of data protection regulation. Particular attention is also paid to the pitfalls of anonymization. At the end of this chapter, it is concluded that all relevant...
Abuse of European Union law
Matějec, Martin ; Navrátil, Petr (referee)
Abuse of European Union law Abstract The aim of this dissertation is to analyze the principle of the prohibition of abuse of EU law and its applicability in various areas of EU law. The dissertation focuses mainly on the analysis of the case law of the Court of Justice, which plays a crucial role in defining the principle and the scope of its application. The following research questions are set out in the dissertation: 1) What practice constitutes the abuse of law under EU law?; 2) Does the Court of Justice apply only one single principle of the prohibition of abuse of EU law or does it apply various principles to different areas covered by EU law?; 3) If there is only one principle of the prohibition of abuse of EU law, how is this principle applied in various areas of EU law? Is the principle applied always in the same manner or are there areas of EU law that are subject to a more restrictive application of this principle? 4) What are the legal means that can prevent the abusive practices of economic operators or more precisely what are the legal means that can reduce the abuse of law? In order to answer these research questions the dissertation is divided into five parts. The first part defines the notion of abuse of law and the purpose of the principle of the prohibition of abuse of law, which finds...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 65 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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1 Navrátil, Patrik
7 Navrátil, Pavel
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