National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Mitochondrial structure and energetic metabolism changes in patients with Huntington's disease and in transgenic minipig model
Vanišová, Marie ; Hansíková, Hana (advisor) ; Kalous, Martin (referee) ; Mühlbäck, Alžbeta (referee)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a severe neurodegenerative disease with autosomal dominant inheritance. HD is caused by the expansion of the CAG triplet in the gene for the huntingtin protein (Htt), which leads to damage and loss of its functions. Htt is essential in the development of the nervous system, it is involved in axonal transport, regulation of mitochondrial metabolism gene expression or spermiogenesis. In HD, the nerve tissue is most significantly damaged, but pathological changes associated with the disease are detected throughout the organism. There is currently no satisfactory treatment. Mitochondrial damage has been shown to significantly affect the progression of HD in patients with HD, but the mechanisms of mitopathy and its development with all the effects on tissue physiology in HD are still not fully understood. The aim of the dissertation theses was to study mitochondrial energy metabolism impairment, mitochondrial network organization and mitochondrial ultrastructure in HD in selected tissues of patients with HD and in a minipig model transgenic for HD (TgHD). Furthermore, the effort was to find and characterize a mitochondrial biomarker of HD, which would well reflect the patient's current clinical phenotype state and it would be possible to monitor changes in its parameters...
Clinical Applicability of Cognitive Testing in Huntington Disease
Mühlbäck, Alžbeta ; Klempíř, Jiří (advisor) ; Rusina, Robert (referee) ; Horáková, Hana (referee)
Introduction: Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder manifested by motor, behavioural and cognitive deficits with fatal consequences. Aims: This study aims to validate the psychometric properties of a standard cognitive battery used in HD and establish language-specific normative values. Methods: In the first study, cognitive performance was compared in 106 patients at different stages of HD and 100 healthy controls matched for age, sex, and education. The neuropsychological battery included the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, Stroop Word Reading Test, Stroop Colour Naming Test, Stroop Interference Test, Trail Making Test-A and B, Category and Letter Verbal Fluency. In addition, patients were comprehensively assessed for motor and functional status. In the second study, the cognitive performance of 3,267 healthy subjects was assessed. The work focused on the stratification of cognitive performance concerning age, gender, language and level of education. Another aim was to establish the language-specific normative values and implement a web-based normative calculator to assess the degree of cognitive deficit in different languages (English, German, Spanish, Italian, Polish, French, Dutch, Danish). Results: In the first study, analysis of variance showed that healthy...

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