National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Archaeological analogs for verification of container lifetime models for deep radioactive waste repositories : Final report of project TK01010040
Stoulil, J. ; Mukhtar, S. ; Lhotka, M. ; Bureš, R. ; Kašpar, V. ; Šachlová, Š. ; Pecková, A. ; Havlová, V. ; Danielisová, Alžběta ; Malyková, Drahomíra ; Barčáková, Ludmila ; Machová, Barbora ; Březinová, Helena ; Ottenwelter, Estelle ; Němeček, J. ; Němeček, J.
More than 200 artefacts from 15 localities were studied within the scope of this project. 4 localities were crucial, because those were pond beds with continual flooding. Soils at all localities were coarser compared to bentonites and lacked swelling ability. Pore solutions of the soils were very similar to bentonite pore solutions. They differ in cation composition, but anion composition was similar, which is more important for corrosion behaviour. The environment was not completely anaerobic, what influenced the composition of corrosion products. The compounds were oxides and oxohydroxides. Very low oxidation-reduction potential (fully anaerobic environment) is necessary for the formation of carbonate-based corrosion products, that were detected as major corrosion products in the previous lab and in situ experiments on another projects. Nevertheless, the oxygen transport was very slow and the contribution of aerobic corrosion was negligible compared to anaerobic corrosion. The evaluation of archaeological artefacts revealed very important factors influencing corrosion mechanism in latter stage of soil burial. Precipitation of corrosion products is a driving phenomenon for transport limitation and decrease of corrosion rate in the early stage of burial, while the ferrous species transport is limited extensively within the latter stage resulting in mechanical stress of inner corrosion products layers to previously formed corrosion products and subsequent cracking. This mechanical damage is repeated in the cycle. The mechanical properties of corrosion products are poor, they are easily deformable and very porous. The project has revealed a very important phenomenon, necessary for the right lifetime estimation, which would not be obvious based on the short-term experiments data.
Development of silane modified TS-1 nanoparticles as fillers for Mixed Matrix Membranes (MMM’s)
Martin-Gil, V. ; Lhotka, M. ; Hrabánek, Pavel ; Fíla, V.
In this work, Titanium Silicalite 1 (TS-1) was synthesized using different crystallization temperature (Tc = 180 °C, 160°C, 140°C), aging time (t aging = 1, 2, 3 and 7 days) and aging temperature (T aging = T room , 40 °C, 80°C) in order to get suitable nanoparticle size and good distribution of particle size for using them as a filler in MMMs. The TS-1 particles with different Si/Ti ratios (Si/Ti = 25 and 100) were functionalized using different amino silane coupling agents: 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), 3- aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS) and 3-aminopropylmethyldiethoxysilane (APMDES). Moreover, a new kind of silane coupling agents: 3- glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane (GPTES), 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and 3-glycidoxymethyldiethoxysilane (GPMDES) were also used. Tetrahydrofuran (THF), with a high dielectric constant (7.6), was used as solvent in order to control the surface modification and avoid pore blockage. The samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), as well as carbon dioxide methane and nitrogen adsorption measurements. The obtained results showed that aging temperature at long aging times have the main effect on the morphology of the particles meanwhile crystallization temperature influences gas adsorption properties. T aging higher than T room showed a great influence on the particle size at t aging = 7 days; shorter t aging did not show an observable influence on the particle size. Crystallization temperature influences the adsorption properties; at lower crystallization temperature, higher quantity of CO 2 adsorbed and lower quantity of CH 4 adsorbed. At last, suitable TS-1 filler with good size distribution and particle size about 200nm was obtained using Si/Ti = 100 and Si/Ti = 25, T c = 140 °C, T aging = 40 °C and t aging = 7 days.
Vývoj anorganických nosičů vhodných pro depozici mikroporésních vrstev – syntéza a charakterizace
Juristová, K. ; Fíla, V. ; Andertová, J. ; Zikánová, Arlette ; Bernauer, B. ; Lhotka, M.
The present study is focused on the preparation of porous supports (ceramic, glass) and thin microporous layers (zeolite, polyaluminum chlorid (PAC), silicalite-1), which are suitable for application in the catalysis, membrane technology and biotechnology. The modification of ceramic Al2O3 support and its preparation by the slip-casting method is discussed here. The optimal conditions for modification of ceramic support using the PAC and the optimal conditions for slip-casting support design were proposed and experimentally verified. The second part of the work deals with the synthesis of boro-silicalite glass. The characterization of the supports by SEM, mercury porosimetry and by permeation measurements are discussed.

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