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Microbial production of lipids and their applications
Kročianová, Natália ; Szotkowski, Martin (referee) ; Němcová, Andrea (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor's thesis was the production of lipids by selected strains of yeasts of the Metschnikowia genus using food production substrates. Produced microbial lipids are nowadays highly valued and sought after mainly in the biotechnology industry as a substitute for carbon in the industrial process of biofuel production. Plant, ecological, and cost-effective substrates were used for cultivation ; the influence of cultivation conditions on the growth of yeast was monitored at laboratory and reduced temperature. Four types of yeast were investigated, namely M. pulcherrima 147, M. pulcherrima 149, M. sinensis 1144, and M. zizyphicola 1147. The produced biomasses were analyzed using gas chromatography; in analyses, individual fatty acid composition was determined. Visible changes could be observed at different cultivation temperatures and used substrates. The best results were achieved by substrates that contained Metschnikowia sinensis 1144, while all selected yeasts were capable of lipid production. The highest representation of polyunsaturated fatty acids was demonstrated in each analyzed yeast.

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