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The Analysis of Oligopolistic Structure on the Czech Audit Market
Šindelář, Michal ; Müllerová, Libuše (advisor) ; Králíček, Vladimír (referee) ; Vyleťalová, Květoslava (referee)
The dissertation thesis is processed in the form of a set of original and published articles with specific results from the methodologically or thematically related areas. The aim of the dissertation is to obtain information about the audit market in the Czech Republic from the point of view of oligopolistic structure and to compare the results with an international research in this area. The issue of the audit market was not a frequent subject of academic analyses in the Czech Republic, therefore the dissertation tries to fill this gap. The oligopolistic structure interferes audit in several risk areas. It threatens the independence of the auditor in the context of the simultaneous provision of audit and non-audit services. The existence of a high market concentration may also indicate negative impacts on the overall quality of the audits performed. The main contribution of the work lies in the analysis of the market concentration on the data of the Czech Republic. The dissertation as a whole analyses the Czech audit market between the years 2010-2015 and presents a view of academic research on market concentration in the Czech Republic. In terms of data source, the dissertation deals with areas of higher social importance, i.e. areas of public interest entities respectively listed companies, which is also typical for international research. Therefore, the conclusions of the dissertation cannot be generalized to the field of the audit market represented by companies that are not public interest entities. From the methodological point of view, the dissertation in its analytical part is based mainly on internationally recognized statistical methods for measuring market concentration, namely the concentration ratio and the Herfindahl-Hirschman index. The most important conclusion is the finding that there is a comparable level of market concentration in the Czech audit market with large audit markets. The analysis shows that Big 4 firms occupy approximately 85% of the audit market and this share remains unchanged between the years 2011-2014.
Due Diligence
Šmídová, Jekaterina ; Králíček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Müllerová, Libuše (referee) ; Jiroudek, Jaromír (referee)
One of the main strategic goals of an owner is the growth of their company. To seek company growth in todays ever changing world, company owners and their management frequently turn to the discipline of mergers and acquisitions (hereinafter M&A). This M&A focus is evidenced by the sustained long term growth of the M&A markets, which for example in the Czech Republic alone amounted to a 38% increase between the years 2015 and 2016. The transaction decision making process takes place with an information deficit to the detriment of the buyer. 50% to 70% of transactions will be identified as not meeting the expectations of the buyer, and this is in large part due to the information deficit on the part of the buyer. This thesis takes as its subject due diligence, a tool that enables the buyer to mitigate (but never to fully overcome) the risks brought about by the information deficit. The due diligence process enables the buyer to gather information on the target company and to get to know it in greater detail prior to assuming the full risks of ownership. Due diligence becomes a key component of the M&A process, with direct impact on the transaction valuation and evaluation of the future performance of the target company. This thesis will provide all parties interested in the M&A process with an overview of both general and specific characteristics of the due diligence process and its key components. It will also widen the traditional understanding of the due diligence process, shifting it from a mere pre-investment check-up to a more complex and robust process, that includes the setup of post transaction integration guidelines. The purpose of this thesis is to provide an analysis of the due diligence process in its wider connotations, with emphasis on financial due diligence and post transaction integration. As part of this analysis the key milestones of the due diligence process were identified, and their influence on the increase of the likelihood of a successful M&A process is examined. Based on the stated purpose of this thesis a null hypothesis was formulated (and the analysis and evaluation of the said hypothesis is the goal of this thesis): Due diligence, in its traditional understanding, is a fundamental support tool for the successful realization of mergers and acquisitions. The methodology applied to the examination of the null hypothesis comprises the detailed analysis of information from specialized and academic publications, their theoretical evaluation and comparison to case studies. In line with the stated goal and its hypothesis, this thesis is structured into six chapters. The first chapter defines the term theory of a company and examines the basic economic reasons for the creation and existence of companies. The second chapter describes transactions dedicated to companies and focuses on the underlying reasons for undertaking transactions, and their effect on the methodology of due diligence. The third chapter defines due diligence, describes the process and its key components, and provides theoretical recommendations. The fourth chapter focuses on the practical undertaking of a due diligence process, and examines the applicability of the theoretical recommendations in real life. The fifth chapter examines the post-transaction components of due diligence. The sixth chapter focuses on examination of factors critical to the undertaking of a due diligence, and also on the contractual tools available for the mitigation of the inherent risks. The sources of information for this thesis are mainly, but not limited to, foreign specialized and academic literature focused on mergers and acquisitions, international and local published research, and own research undertaken for the purpose of this thesis. The detailed analytical work undertaken and described in this thesis enabled the evaluation of the null hypothesis and the completion of the stated thesis goal.
Limitations of professional liability in relation to the professions of auditor, tax adviser and accountant with regard to the duty of confidentiality
Belšánová, Ivana ; Molín, Jan (advisor) ; Králíček, Vladimír (referee)
The thesis "Limitations of professional liability in relation to the professions of auditor, tax adviser and accountant with regard to the duty of confidentiality" focuses on a more detailed elaboration of the selected specific segment of professional liability of the given professions, on the legal and ethical obligations in the field of confidentiality and the possibility of its breaking. The introductory part of the thesis deals with confidentiality in terms of historical development and its importance in the present. Further, it outlines the area of moral and ethical responsibility, legal liability in general, and confidentiality as a specific duty. The concept of confidentiality of the professions of auditors, tax advisers and accountants represents the core of the presented work. The duty of confidentiality of the profession of auditors is significantly influenced by the public interest in the presented information in the form of opinion on the financial statements of the audited entities, and thus the possibilities of the legally supported breaking of this obligation are the most extensive, as evidenced by the amendment to the Act on Auditors, effective from 1 October 2016. The duty of confidentiality of the tax adviser has until recently been strictly defined on a legal basis. The change was brought by the Supreme Court's case law in November 2015, which by comparing the principally equivalent conditions for the exercise of legal liability in the area of confidentiality of the tax adviser and attorney, also deduces the similarities of competencies of both professions in cases of breaking the confidentiality. The accounting profession is not regulated by law, and therefore the confidentiality obligation is also not legally enforceable. However, professional certified accountants are required to comply with the Code of Conduct issued by the Professional Chamber. The final part of the thesis focuses on comparing the duty of confidentiality of the selected professions of auditors, tax advisers and professional accountants with the attorney-at-law profession.
Professional Responsibility of Auditors and Tax Advisors
Dohnálek, Pavel ; Molín, Jan (advisor) ; Králíček, Vladimír (referee)
The primary objective of this diploma thesis, which focuses on the professional responsibility of auditors and tax advisors, is to provide a comprehensive view of this issue. The diploma thesis is divided into six parts. The first chapter describes general responsibility with an emphasis on professional responsibility. The second and third parts are devoted to the profession of auditors. The second chapter describes the profession of external and internal auditors in detail, and the third chapter deals with their professional responsibility, broken down into a moral and legal level of responsibility. The fourth and fifth chapters are devoted to the profession of tax consultancy, which is discussed in detail, followed by a part devoted to the professional responsibility of tax advisers. The last part of the thesis compares the professional responsibilities of the professions of auditors and tax advisors.
Valuation in accounting and its impact on taxation
Andrýsková, Adéla ; Molín, Jan (advisor) ; Králíček, Vladimír (referee)
The goal of the diploma thesis is to describe problems of accounting valuation and issues connected with prices, which are used for income tax purposes within current valid legislation. The thesis decribes basic valuation principles, characterization and valuation methods of some selected section according to the Czech legislation and IFRS. The thesis compares advantages and disadvantages of some valuation methods and valuation base and their influence on taxes. At the end of the thesis is the issue of transfer pricing or accounting valuation in insolvency.
The impact of accounting and taxes on entrepreneur who runs a café
Nguyen, Ngoc Anh ; Molín, Jan (advisor) ; Králíček, Vladimír (referee)
The goal of this bachelors thesis is to discuss the impact of legal, accounting and taxing duties on day to day operation of café as well as to compare the aspects of business for entrepreneur and legal entity. First part of this thesis is devoted to clarifying the topic of business in general and its requirements for entering it, with emphasis on importance of economic transaction registration. Followed by analysis of electronic registration of sales. Last chapter deals with single entry book-keeping and accounting from the view of entrepreneur who runs a cafe.
Professional sport from the tax and accounting point of view
Jedličková, Monika ; Molín, Jan (advisor) ; Králíček, Vladimír (referee)
The thesis deals with the accounting and tax legislation with focus on professional sport not only from the perspective of sport clubs but also of individual sportsmen. The aim of the thesis is to identify accounting and tax specificities of professional sport, including the definition of differences in keeping accounts of non-profit organisations and business entities, and to analyse the current state of the income taxation of professional sportsmen in selected countries of the EU and in the Czech Republic. Significant differences were found not only in the keeping accounts of non-profit organisations and business entities but also in the area of the income taxation of professional sportsmen. In the Czech Republic professional sportsmen are considered to be an independent profession while in the other selected countries of the European Union they are classic employees. The thesis is based on legislation valid on 1st January 2016.
Legal regulation of auditing in the EU, Czech Republic and the Russian Federation
Dachevskiy, Nikita ; Králíček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Roubíčková, Jaroslava (referee)
This thesis is dedicated to legal regulation of statutory audit in the European Union, Russian Federation and the Czech Republic. The first chapter describes history of audit, its functions and objectives. The second chapter is dedicated to legal regulation of statutory audit in the European Union, mainly to Directive 2006/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and to Regulation (EU) No 537/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The third chapter outlines legal regulation of statutory audit in the Czech Republic, which is created primarily by the act No 93/2009 about auditors. The fourth chapter defines legal regulation of statutory audit in the Russian Federation, mainly the act "On auditing activities" No 307. The last chapter compares separate legal regulations.
Selected issues of recodification in the context of tax and accounting in hindsight
Görgesová, Karolína ; Molín, Jan (advisor) ; Králíček, Vladimír (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with law recodification as well as its impact on accounting and tax legal regulations. The aim is to present certain selected issues, assess their impacts and development, and analyse their possible solutions. The first part introduces the issue of gratuitous income. It consists of the analyses of the Business Corporations Act and the Civil Code, followed by a tax and accounting analysis of the solution. The second part focuses on the payment or possible return of profit sharing advancements and contains the analysis on the Business Corporations Act and the Civil Code and their link to the existing accounting and tax complexities. Related to the former is the publication of Chamber of Deputies print No 873/0, known as the Tax Package. The third part deals with the issues of authorized capital and contingency fund. Similarly to the former ones, this part also presents analyses of the Business Corporations Act and the Civil Code as well as tax and accounting solutions. The thesis also features illustrations and graphic examples.
Internal control system in organization
Mertlík, Ondřej ; Králíček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Molín, Jan (referee)
This master's thesis is focused on the system of internal controls which is, in some form or another, implemented in every organization. In the theoretical part, the internal controls are specified according to the worldwide accepted integrated COSO framework for internal controls. Furthermore, there is briefly characterized internal audit, its aims and relation to the system of internal controls. The practical part deals with internal controls implemented in a specific organization. There were analysed control mechanisms implemented into the basic enterprise's process, the Order to Cash process.

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See also: similar author names
1 Králíček, Vojtěch
3 Králíček, Václav
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