National Repository of Grey Literature 170 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Economic effects of the health promotion at the example of mammographic screening examination introduced in Czech republic in 2002
Fabová, Lucia ; Bartůsková, Lucia (advisor) ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (referee)
The topic of health is currently very up-to-date and the need for population health promotion and disease prevention is becoming increasingly important. The consequences of neglecting prevention and health promotion on the state's economy are clear, whether it is about increasing public spendings on health care or indirect effects on the level of human capital. The aim of this work is to analyze health promotion in the Czech Republic with a focus on mammographic screening programme introduced in 2002. The study demonstrates a decrease in breast cancer mortality following the screening examination and an increase in the number of tumor findings in earlier stages of the disease. It also analyzes the effect on costs of health care and the impact of screening on them. It also proposes to extend preventive screening examinations to other areas where their implementation could be useful in the future.
IMPACTS OF THE SOCIAL REFORM OF 2011 ON THE FOLLOW-UP DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEM IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
Salačová, Kateřina ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (advisor) ; Prudká, Šárka (referee)
The thesis deals with the 2011 social reform implemented by the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic. Initially, the various reform steps are analyzed. Developments in the evolution of change are monitored since their introduction to 2015 and then the financial and social impacts of individual changes are examined. The primary goal of the social reform was to increase the efficiency of the public funds spent on the social benefits system and their overall reduction. The main output of the work is the realization that this goal was not fulfilled, on the contrary there was the depletion of funds in the net amount of CZK 10.77 billion. Research has also shown that individual changes have had a negative impact on the lives of the people concerned. In conclusion, the reform is monitored in the context of the necessity of its implementation and related to the previous large reforms that took place in the Czech Republic.
Comparison of the Czech and Slovak labor market between 1993 and 2016
Stankovič, František ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (advisor) ; Prudká, Šárka (referee)
The labor market has overtaken huge changes in the Czech republic and Slovakia in the last quarter of a century. This diploma theses explains that the structure of the labor market is a dynamic concept that reacts not only to local economic factors, but also to changes in the European and world context. Czech and Slovak labor market has currently different regional disparities. In Slovakia, the problem of regional disparities and the significant polarization of the east and west of the country is much more urgent and significantly affects not only overall unemployment in the Slovak Republic but also the political and economic situation. This diploma thesis analyzes the origins of regional disparities and major changes in the labor market that have taken place in both countries since 1993 until present, and defines that the main cause is mono-industrialization in the second half of the 20th century.
Analysis of the labor market in the Czech Republic in 2007 - 2015, with a special focus on a group of persons over 50 years
Rejmanová, Martina ; Prudká, Šárka (advisor) ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (referee)
The subject of this bachelor thesis is the labor market of the Czech Republic in 2007-2015. Due to the current demographic trends, which is characterized by an aging population and associated increase in the number of people older ages in the labor market, the work focuses on a group of persons over 50 years, their position on the Czech labor market and proposes solutions supporting greater involvement of older persons in the labor market, which are in particular support for education, change of social view of older workers, more frequent use of part-time work and state financial support. Firstly, the characteristics and position of older persons on the Czech labor market are described and then the labor market of the CR as a whole is analyzed in comparison with the labor market of persons over 50 years of age. Here the work concludes that the development of the unemployment rate of persons over 50 years of age is quite similar to the development of the general unemployment rate, but despite the many years of experience on the labor market, people over 50 have suffered a long-term higher unemployment rate than the general population, mainly due to lower education, deteriorating health status and personality characteristics related to their age. Another reason is the prolonging retirement age and the period of insurance required to qualify for pension insurance. The state employment policy of the Czech Republic is then analyzed and evaluated. It is appropriately targeted to support the employment of people over 50, which is increasingly used by the European Social Fund. The findings of these chapters are supplemented by a qualitative method of interviews with HR Managers and Labor Office workers.
Labour market developments in the period 2005-2015
Stejskalová, Natálie ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (advisor) ; Bartůsková, Lucia (referee)
This diploma thesis addresses the issue of the analysis of labor market developments in the period 2005-2015, especially the development of indicators of employment and unemployment. In the first, theoretical part, is the method used literature review, in this part of the basic concepts and theoretical background on the labor market as employment, unemployment, economic activity, economic crisis. Attention is also paid to indicators which are used in the practical part. The second part is practical, includes data analysis and indicators of employment and unemployment on the labor market in the Czech Republic, for which purposes the analysis of selected data from the Labour Force Survey. The third and final part of the thesis is focused on a comprehensive analysis period 2005-2015. In the final analysis it shows that despite the fact that the Czech labor market observed in the negative sense of economic crisis, its impact had long-term consequences, but resulted in the period of 2009-2011, and in subsequent years has been some labor market indicators show positive values again.
Analysis of Older Workers Labour Market in the Czech Republic During the Years 2005-2015
Virtová, Olga ; Krebs, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (referee)
Czech Republic, like other European developed countries, has to deal with impacts of population ageing. The number of older people in society grows therefore the drain on workers in productive age is rising. Population ageing causes problems within current setting of the Czech pension system, especially in long-term sustainability of public finance. Hence added involvement of elderly people into working process becomes necessary. The goal of this Masters thesis is to analyse the situation of older workers on Czech labour market between 2005 and 2015 and to find some possible solutions that would increase the employment rate of people before and in retirement age. There are four chapters in the theoretical part that are dealing with population ageing, labour market, specificities of employing older workers and tools used to increase the employment rate. The practical part is focused on demographic situation in the Czech Republic and especially on analysis of the situation of older workers on the Czech labour market in comparison to countries of the European Union. Analysis that was carried out confirms that the overall employment rate of older workers in the Czech Republic is on a good level however there are some areas that need to be improved. For example, option of using part time working contracts is underused as well as the motivation of elderly people to stay economically active. In the last chapter there are possible solutions suggested. These recommendations could strengthen motivation of older workers to stay on labour market and in the same time should motivate employers to employ these workers.
Expenditures on active and passive labour market policies in CR between 1993 and 2014
Vrátná, Barbora ; Kubelková, Karina (advisor) ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to analyses expenditures on active and passive labour market policies (ALMP and PLMP) and to answer the question why there were changes in the proportion of expenditures on ALMP and PLMP in Czech Republic between 1993 and 2014. Thesis also aims to asses future (post-crissis) development of the expenditures on state labour market policy. The theoretical part of this work examines state employment policy and its division into ALMP and PLMP, focusing on Czech Republic and ALMP tools. The practical part of this thesis analyses both absolute and relative terms expenditures on ALMP and PLMP between 1993 and 2014 and puts them into relation with unemployment and GDP, with government objectives and other important facts (EU entry). The total amouth of expenditures on state labour parket policies has been rising since 1993. The proportion of expenditures on ALMP and PLMP was going through significant changes and the role of ALMP increases in time. Nevertheless, the average value of expenditures on PLMP for the entire period is almost twice the average expenditure on ALMP.
Migration of doctors and health workers in selected countries of Europe since 1990
Panczaková, Kateřina ; Kotýnková, Magdalena (advisor) ; Loužek, Marek (referee)
The main objective of this thesis is the comparison of the position of the healthcare personnel on the labor market and migration in selected countries - Czech Republic, Germany, France and the United Kingdom. In the theoretical introduction it describes concepts such as brain drain, remittances, emigration and others subjects associated with the migration of the workforce. It analyzes the differences in labor market of healthcare personnel in selected countries and the activities of doctors for change of working conditions. The practical part presents and analyzes data from publicly available statistical sources (OECD, Eurostat, IHIS CR etc.) regarding the number of healthcare personnel, the number of migrating doctors and nurses and their destination countries, salary and wage conditions of health professionals. Expenses on health and quality of the health care are compared between selected countries. Finally, recommendations for Czech Republic, that could help prevent excessive drain of medical personnel abroad, are given - an increase in wages and health expenditures, increasing the number of medical personnel and reduction of administrative burdens.

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1 Kotýnková, Martina
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