National Repository of Grey Literature 85 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Low energy cements based on clinker phases
Šmeral, Miloslav ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Bartoníčková, Eva (advisor)
This thesis deals with low-energy cements and the effect of dopants on their hydration, specifically copper and sulfur. The theoretical part summarizes the general information about clinker minerals, their low-energy/low-carbon alternatives and sustainability in the cement industry. Additionally, possible synthesis of clinker minerals are described. In the experimental part, methods for the preparation of doped tricalcium aluminate and the analysis of the synthesized products are presented. The sulfur doped tricalcium aluminate had the highest hydration heat. On the other hand, copper doped tricalcium aluminate and tricalcium aluminate in combination of these dopants exhibited lower hydration heat. The presence of the dopants also affected the composition of the hydration products.
The influence of admixtures on the hydration of Calcium Aluminate phases
Skalík, Martin ; Másilko, Jiří (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
This thesis focuses on the effect of admixtures on the hydration time and on the formation of hydration products of calcium aluminate cement and its phases. Three main calcium aluminate phases, CA, CA2 and C12A7, were prepared to study using a high temperature sintering method that was optimised to be as fast as possible. The admixtures used were LiCl, NaCl, sodium tetraborate and citric acid. Prior to the actual hydration, the optimization of the admixture dosage was performed by Vicat test on two commercial aluminate cements, Secar 71 and Secar 80. The hydration with the right amnout of admixtures was monitored by heat flow calorimetry. Hydration products were investigated by X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and electron microscopy.
Preparation of calcium-aluminate phases
Ohaňka, Zdeněk ; Novotný, Radoslav (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
This work focuses on the preparation of calcium aluminates by solid state synthesis and by sol-gel method. Phases prepared were monocalcium aluminate (CA), dodecacalcium heptaaluminate (C12A7), tricalcium aluminate (C3A) and calcium dialuminate (CA2). Two modifications of sol-gel method were used – the difference between them was in the addition of EDTA. Each method was closely described and results were compared according to the achieved purity of prepared phases. X-ray diffraction analysis was used to determine the purity of prepared calcium-aluminates.
Study of carbonatation in alkali activated systems
Suchý, Rostislav ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Kalina, Lukáš (advisor)
The carbonation of the building materials based on the ordinary Portland cement is relatively well-known and extensively studied phenomenon. Conversely mechanism, reaction products and factors affecting the carbonation of the alkali activated materials are still not sufficiently clarified. In this work, the progression of the carbonation of the alkali activated materials under different conditions was investigated. The reaction products and the microstructural changes were determined by XRD respectively SEM-EDX analysis. The corrosive conditions due to the decreasing of the pH of the binders by the carbonation were observed by XPS analysis of the steel fibers. The carbonation of the alkali activated samples was compared with the reference samples based on the Portland composite cement. Besides these analyzes, the mechanical properties of the binders were monitored.
Inhibition of Hazardous Compounds in Alumino-Silicate Systems
Koplík, Jan ; Škvára, František (referee) ; Rovnaníková, Pavla (referee) ; Havlica, Jaromír (advisor)
The ability of alumino-silicate systems to immobilize hazardous compounds has been investigated since 1990s. The aim of this work is to develope alumino-silicate system (matrix) based on industrial waste products with ability to immobilize hazardous compounds (heavy metals). This ability of the matrix was confirmed by leaching tests based on the law 294/2005 Sb. Concentration of heavy metals in leachates was determined by ICP-MS method. Alumino-silicate system prepared in this work consists of high-temperature fly ash and blast furnace slag activated by mixture of alkaline activators (hydroxide and water glass). Matrixes were characterized by suitable analytic methods (XRD, SEM, FT-IR, DTA-TGA-EGA). The same analytic methods were used to describe the mechanism of immobilization of selected elements (Ba, Cu, Pb) in prepared systems.
Preparation of modified tricalcium aluminate phases and study of their hydratation processes
Vávrová, Alžběta ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Másilko, Jiří (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the preparation of modified tricalcium aluminate phases using sodium ions, and the study of their hydration processes and products. The X-ray diffraction analysis, isothermal calorimetry, laser diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersion analysis were used to solve this task. The preparation of modified tricalcium aluminate phases using high temperature methods has been described in the experimental section. Furthermore, the X-ray diffraction analysis was used to determine the purity of the prepared phases and the scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersion analysis was used to define the volume of sodium. Laser diffraction was used to measure a particle size distribution in the individual phases. Subsequently, hydration of the pure phases was performed in an isothermal calorimeter. It was followed by hydration of phases in the presence of different gypsum content and then in the presence of saturated portlandite solution. Hydration of some samples was stopped in order to better understand the hydration process. Hydration products were studied by X-ray diffraction analysis. The obtained results were compared with each other and the influence of sodium ions on both the structure of the prepared phases and the course of hydration and its products has been discussed. The effect of adding different volumes of gypsum and portlandite on the course of hydration of the individual phases was also compared.
Preparation and properties of authentic geopolymers
Bartoňová, Pavla ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Havlica, Jaromír (advisor)
Evaluation of physical and chemical properties of geopolymer composites based on alkali aktivated metakaoline and silicate oxide.
Possibilities of clay plasters shrinkage elimination
Melichar, Jindřich ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Opravil, Tomáš (advisor)
Earth plasters which are applicated in interiers don´t have just an estetic, but mainly heat storage function. To accomplish better storage properties the plaster has to be laid on the wall in sufficient thick ply. But this use to be accompained by creating of cracks during dehydration of the plaster. This bachelor work will be considering possibilities of elliminating this negative event by additing suitable components to suppress shrinkage and cracks by creating ettringite.
Investigation of portlandite carbonation using the in-situ X-ray diffraction analysis
Růžička, Lukáš ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Másilko, Jiří (advisor)
Thesis deals with carbonation of portlandite using in-situ X-ray diffraction analysis. The carbonation of portlandite progress in concrete structures and it is already quite widely discussed. It is responsible for corrosion and degradation of reinforced concrete elements, and thus its influence is perceived very negatively. The main goal of this work is to determine the ideal conditions for the progress of carbonation of portlandite. In this work the progress of carbonation depending on the relative humidity and temperature was observated. The amount of carbonated portlandite was evaluated by means of thermal analyzes (TG / DTA) and X-ray analysis.
Leachability of Ba and Cr from alkali-activated matrices
Cába, Vladislav ; Hajzler, Jan (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
The aim of this work is to determine the usability of alkaline activated matrices made from ashes to inhibition of barium and chrome. Ashes – fly ashes and ashes from fluidized bed combustion – were compared with cement used for inhibition. By using inductively coupled plasma atomic emmission spectrometer were determined concentrations of barium and chrome in leachates based on norm ČSN EN – 12457-4. In addition, images were taken on the scanning electron microscope and crystallographic spectra from X-ray crystalography were obtained to determine structure. The results show that ashes from fluidized bed combustion are suitable for inhibition of both barium and chrome, whereas fly ashes can not sustain these elements with such success.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 85 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
3 Koplík, Jerguš
4 Koplík, Jiří
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.