National Repository of Grey Literature 39 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Development of the material for solidification based on carbonation of waste materials
Mikulová, Mária ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Másilko, Jiří (advisor)
The aim of this thesis was to create a material by solidification of waste materials from steel production. Ladle furnace slag (LFS) pre-treated by demetallization was used as a binder, Fe sludge and a mixture of slags and debris (MSD) coming from Třinecké železárny were used as fillers. The binding properties of LFS are the result of a high content of calcium silicates, which are able to react with CO2 and thus create carbonates, mainly calcite (CaCO3), which act as a binder – this process is called carbonation. Firstly, an effect of substitution of LFS by individual fillers on compressive strength of carbonated testing samples was examined. Based on these results, three solidified materials were proposed, of which compressive strength immediately after carbonation and after 28 days was observed. Leaching behaviour, weight gain of the samples after carbonation, their mineralogical composition, and carbon content were examined as well. Compressive strength of all three solidified materials raised above required 10 MPa after 28 days. Pure carbonated LFS was used and analysed as a reference sample.
Hybride binders based on the high-calcium ash
Hubáček, Václav ; Cába, Vladislav (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
The goal of this bachelor´s thesis was to develop a hybrid binder based on high calcium fly ash with the focus on addition of Portland cement, observation of hydration process, measurement of mechanichal properties, identification of hydration products and comparation with Portland cement. Hybrid binder was developer by adding different amounts of Portland cement to the selected mixture of high calcium fly ash activated by sodium hydroxide. Setting times and flexural strength and compressive strength were measured for these hybrid binders. Afterwards one type of hybrid binder was selected for more analyses (XFR, XRD, SEM/EDS and isothermic calorimetry). These analyses were also used for a sample of Portland cement and alkali activated high calcium fly ash and afterwards these three samples were compared between each other. The collected data show that the compositions of the activated fly ash and hybrid binder are very similar and the addition of Portland cement to the mixture has only a minor impact. Main hydration product for both of them was ettringite. Addition of Portland cement to the activated high calcium fly ash has positive impact on mechanical properties, it shortens the start of setting time of a mixture and it also increases early and later compressive strenghts.
The binder based on the high-calcium ash - the influence of the alkali activator
Šichnárek, Vojtěch ; Kotrla, Jan (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
The aim of this thesis was examination of the influence of different alkali activators to final properties of binders based on fluidized bed combustion fly ash. There were prepared mixtures containing sodium waterglass or sodium carbonate. Curing time, consistence, and strengths after 2, 7, 14 and 28 days were measured. X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence were used to find out the composition of samples. There were taken images and element spectra using scanning electron microscope and isothermal calorimetry was used to determine the heat flow during the time of curing. The results indicate that the use of water glass achieves better initial workability and pressure strengths are higher than besides sodium carbonate. However, when sodium carbonate is used, pressure strengths are lower, but they are less dependent on the amount of the activator and do not change as much with time. Crystallographic composition is dependent to the activator used – by using sodium waterglass there was more of ettringite and portlandite in the sample.
The development of the solidification material from hybrid cement based on slag
Valach, Jakub ; Janča, Martin (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
The bachelor thesis is focused on the research and development of hybrid cements based on slag. The base is granulated blast furnace slag, which serves as a substitute for cement, cement is used as an admixture. Various additions of cement and activator are monitored. The mixture is activated by Caustifying limestone. Firstly, the strengths of the mortars are mixed and measured without the addition of cement in order to find a suitable ratio of activator and slag. Subsequently, I focused on mixing and measuring the strength of mortars with the addition of Portland cement and I looked for suitable samples, which I analyzed by XRD, EDS, SEM. I also determined their stiffening time, lavish and volume stability.
The study of hydration of RPC (Reactive Powder Concretes) in hydrothermal condition
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Šoukal, František (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the study of hydration of reactive powder concrete under hydrotermal conditions. The theoretical part describes the properties of materials and additives used for the preparation of mixtures. The following describes the principles and requiments for the materials for preparing the reactive powder concrete. The practical part is studied design method mix and the impact of materials to the consistency of paste. The effect of cample placement on flexural and compressive strength of the prepared mixtures was observed. The samples were stored under standart laboratory conditions and under hydrothermal conditions. The phase composition of the samples was monitored by X-ray diffraction analysis and the mocrostructure by scanning electron microscopy.
Fixation of the lead in alkali activated materials based on different types of ashes
Cába, Vladislav ; Kalina, Lukáš (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
The aim of this work was to develop an alkali activated matrix based mainly on fly ash, to determine the ability to fix lead in these matrices, the impact of added lead on mechanical properties and to reveal the way of lead fixation in these matrices. The matrices consisted mainly of fly ash (four from fluidized bed combustion, one pulverized coal combustion) with an admixture of blast furnace slag and sodium silicate as an activator. Lechates were prepared on the basis of the ČSN EN - 12457-4 standard, lead concentrations in them were measured using an atomic emission spectrometer with inductively coupled plasma. The strengths of the samples were measured after 28 days. Images, element maps and element spectra were taken to determine the structure using a scanning electron microscope with an electron dispersion spectrometer, the samples were analyzed on an infrared spectrometer with a Furier transform, X-ray diffraction analysis and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis were also used. The individual measurements showed that lead is accumulated in the form of hydroxide. The impact of lead doping on strength of the matrix was different for individual samples. Matrices from both types of fly ash released minimal amounts of lead into leachates, so it is possible to use them to fixate lead.
Study of air-entraining admixtures in alkali-activated materials
Kiripolský, Tomáš ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Kalina, Lukáš (advisor)
Air entraining admixtures are surfactants, that are commonly used in Portland cement materials, because they form and stabilize small air bubbles distributed in the binder, thereby changing the pore size distribution. The aim of these additives is to increase the durability of the cured binder, especially in climatic conditions, where it must withstand low temperatures, and simultaneously improving the workability in the plastic state. The effect of air entraining admixtures in alkali-activated slag was studied for certain properties. Air entraining admixtures were able to entrain the air in the alkali-activated matrix, they changed the pore size distribution, which resulted in a reduction in capillary pressure in the porous complex, and there was a reduction of shrinkage under autogenous conditions, respectively. The improvement of workability is certainly also positive, but on the other hand there has been a bad effect on flexural strength and compressive strength. The morphology of the air entrained binder was observed by scanning electron microscopy, and simultaneously the effect of air entrained admixtures on hydration was observed by isothermal calorimetry.
Methods of using cement kiln by-pass dust in building materials technology
Sikorová, Věra ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Kalina, Lukáš (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on methods of using cement kiln by-pass dust in building materials technology. By-pass dust was treated to remove chlorides and could then be used as other constituent to various types of cements in the amount of 0–5 wt. % according to ČSN EN 197-1. The properties of dusts before and after chloride removal were examined and after incorporating modified by-pass dust into the cement, the properties of fresh and hardened cement pastes and mortars were studied. It was found that modified by-pass dust after incorporation into cement fulfill requirements of ČSN EN 197-1.
The influence of alkali activator on immobilization of metals in alkali activated blast furnace slag
Bystrianska, Emília ; Kalina, Lukáš (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
In this work the influence of alkaline activator on immobilization of lead and copper in alkali-activated blast furnace slag was investigated. A total of five activators were used; sodium water glass, potassium water glass, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide and sodium carbonate. The leaching test according to ČSN EN 12457-4 was used to evaluate the level of immobilization of heavy metals, the leached solutions were analyzed by ICP-OES. For a better understanding of immobilization, the selected samples were characterized by analytical methods (FTIR, XRD, SEM, XPS). It was found that the degree of immobilization Pb2+ and Cu2+ in AAS was very high, regardless of the type of alkaline activator used.
Preparation of modified tricalcium aluminate phases and study of their hydratation processes
Vávrová, Alžběta ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Másilko, Jiří (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the preparation of modified tricalcium aluminate phases using sodium ions, and the study of their hydration processes and products. The X-ray diffraction analysis, isothermal calorimetry, laser diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersion analysis were used to solve this task. The preparation of modified tricalcium aluminate phases using high temperature methods has been described in the experimental section. Furthermore, the X-ray diffraction analysis was used to determine the purity of the prepared phases and the scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersion analysis was used to define the volume of sodium. Laser diffraction was used to measure a particle size distribution in the individual phases. Subsequently, hydration of the pure phases was performed in an isothermal calorimeter. It was followed by hydration of phases in the presence of different gypsum content and then in the presence of saturated portlandite solution. Hydration of some samples was stopped in order to better understand the hydration process. Hydration products were studied by X-ray diffraction analysis. The obtained results were compared with each other and the influence of sodium ions on both the structure of the prepared phases and the course of hydration and its products has been discussed. The effect of adding different volumes of gypsum and portlandite on the course of hydration of the individual phases was also compared.

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2 Koplík, Jerguš
2 Koplík, Jiří
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