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Epitachophoretic preconcentration of proteins
Hrušková, Helena ; Voráčová, Ivona ; Foret, František
In this work, we present a developed method for preconcentration of standards of proteins cytochrome c, myoglobin, and hemoglobin. Firstly, the electrolyte system was selected and optimized to provide low analysis time, narrow shape of the protein zone, and eliminate overheating at the center of the device. In the next step, the developed method was tested on the preconcentration of proteins: cytochrome c, myoglobin, and hemoglobin. After several adjustments myoglobin and hemoglobin were also uccessfully preconcentrated. After evaluation of pilot results, this technique provides up to fiftyfold preconcentration and recovery of over 70 % for each protein. The next plan is to preconcentrate proteins from complex biological matrices such as urine or blood plasma.
Application of modern analytical methods for the study of selected boron coordination compounds
Hrušková, Helena ; Jelínek, Ivan (advisor) ; Dian, Juraj (referee)
This thesis is focused on the study of boron coordination compounds, specifically boron pyrogallol and 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene ligand complexes. In the introductory part of the work are discussed the properties of boron compounds, their preparation, the possibility of separation by capillary electrophoresis and methods of structural characterization. In the first part of the thesis, the methods of preparation of complexes are discussed and for each complex the optimal yield response is chosen. The resulting products were studied by low resolution mass spectrometry. In the second part of the thesis, structures of complexes, including their modeling in the Gaussian program, were described more precisely. Furthermore, the complexes were characterized by high resolution mass spectrometry. The complexes were also studied by 11 B, 1 H and 1 H COSY NMR and IR spectroscopy. The third part was devoted to the separation of these substances from the mixture after the reaction. CE-UV and CE-MS techniques were used for this purpose. To convert the results, the separation method was developed in ammonium formate buffers that are compatible with both instruments. The equilibration between complexes and ligands was also monitored by CE-UV. A special chapter is the study of pyrogallol autooxidation by UV-VIS and...
Application of modern analytical methods for the study of selected boron coordination compounds
Hrušková, Helena ; Jelínek, Ivan (advisor) ; Dian, Juraj (referee)
This thesis is focused on the study of boron coordination compounds, specifically boron pyrogallol and 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene ligand complexes. In the introductory part of the work are discussed the properties of boron compounds, their preparation, the possibility of separation by capillary electrophoresis and methods of structural characterization. In the first part of the thesis, the methods of preparation of complexes are discussed and for each complex the optimal yield response is chosen. The resulting products were studied by low resolution mass spectrometry. In the second part of the thesis, structures of complexes, including their modeling in the Gaussian program, were described more precisely. Furthermore, the complexes were characterized by high resolution mass spectrometry. The complexes were also studied by 11 B, 1 H and 1 H COSY NMR and IR spectroscopy. The third part was devoted to the separation of these substances from the mixture after the reaction. CE-UV and CE-MS techniques were used for this purpose. To convert the results, the separation method was developed in ammonium formate buffers that are compatible with both instruments. The equilibration between complexes and ligands was also monitored by CE-UV. A special chapter is the study of pyrogallol autooxidation by UV-VIS and...

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14 HRUŠKOVÁ, Hana
14 Hrušková, Hana
1 Hrušková, Hedvika