National Repository of Grey Literature 55 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
La Hojarasca: fictional world and its persons
Budáč, Radoslav ; Vydrová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
This work deals exclusively with the novel La hojarasca, the first novel by Gabriel García Márquez, one of the most prominent living wri ters. In principle, my work may be subdivided into two basic parts: the first part is dedicated to links between the fictional world of the novel and the real world that surrounded it (Chapter 2 - Gabriel García Márquez and His First Novel and Chapter 3 - Reality and the Fictional World); the second is then focused on the novel itself and on its varied interpretations (Chapter 4 - La hojarasca).
Fragmented world of Enrique Lihn
Synáčová, Jaroslava ; Vydrová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to introduce a Chilean contemporary poet Enrique Uhn, in particular, the postmodern aspects of his poetry. ln the first part, main characteristic features of the actual society are presented, using such terms as posmodernity, age of emptiness, narcist and fragmentary society. The author continues with the explanation of the aesthetics of postmodernism that is characterized as either emerging from, in reaction to, or superseding, modernism. Afterwards, a short introduction to the postmodern literature is given, followed by a brief survey of the contemporary Latinamerican literature with a special focus on the Chilean poetry. Within this framework, we analyze Lihn's writing, both, its formal andcontent part. As a conclusion it is decided whether it is possible to consider Enrique Lihn a postmodern writer.
The individual and the social in the novel La casa grande
Obručová, Lucie ; Vydrová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
The focal point of this dissertation is the novel The Big House (La Casa Grande) by Álvaro Cepeda Samudio (1926 - 1972) a Colombian journalist,novelist, short storywriter, and filmmaker. Owing to the author' s personal literary development the dissertation pays shortly attention to his journalistic activities and further to his short story collection We Were Al! Waiting (Todos estábamos a la espera). In his novel he def1ects the town' s theme which is dominant one in his short stories and his novel emerges from his birthplace and its history. The subject is the historical event of the Ciénaga Massacre of striking journeymen from banana plantations. This is the backdrop to perform an individual drama, the one of a Colombian family whose inner problems ref1ect the whole society and acquire universal dimension. Above all, the analysis of the novel concentrates on the performance stage, individual characters who can be understood as archetypes, and on the time draft which necessitates repeating faults and mistakes. The fragmentary compositon of the novel correlates with the plurality of narrative perspectives and with the polyphonic narrative technique. The novel is to be understood knowing the background to the Colombian political life in the first half of the last century definied as bi-party system in its...
The Carpentier's vision of the America
Růžková, Lenka ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
In my thesis, I focused on the concept of Latin American culture in novels and essays by Alejo Carpentier. At the beginning, the transculturation process in America (particularly in the Caribbean) is outlined together with the impact of cultural mixing on the author himself. In the essays, I mainly followed motifs of American specificity, including the concept of time, spatial dimension of a relatively recently discovered continent, social and religious contexts, in which I covered the diversity of ethnic types and their position in society, reflection of music, concept of literature and particularly the question of a Baroque quality, which can be found in Latin American art and permeates entire Latin American reality. Approach to different aspects is integrated in a passage on the concept of "the marvelous real" and in a chapter dedicated to art. I tried to connect Carpentier's theoretical contemplations from the collections of essays Tientos y diferencias (The Groping and Differences) and Razón de ser (The Reason of Being) with the poetics of his prose on the material of the novels The Lost Steps and Praised Be the Lord! (Ecué-Yamba-Ó). In conclusion, I summarized Carpentier's overall vision of America and particularly its confrontation with Europe and pointed out the importance of a distance which is...
The concept of man in Baltasar Gracián's "El Criticón"
Matlová, Anna ; Sánchez Fernández, Juan Antonio (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
This study deals with the concept of man in the allegorical novel of Baltasar Gracián's El Criticón. It is divided into three parts. The first part tries to describe shortly the events in Europe in the 16. and 17. century and show how they could possibly affect Gracián's life (the spanish crisis after the Thirty Years' War, the rebellion in Catalonia and Portugal). It also mentions some ideas that had an impact on his work, such as the idea of the heliocentric system, etc. The main importance is given to the foundation of the Jesuit Order, whose member Gracián was. In accordance with the moralistic character of Gracián's work I tried to sketch the outlines of the Jesuit morality, such as the free choice of every human and God's Grace; also I pointed out some ideas of Erasmus surviving in that period. Then I focused shortly on some of the baroque topoi, like the insanity of the world, life like a pilgrimage or the world upside down.
Transformations of "Bildungsroman": La tía Julia y el escribidor a La Habana para un infante difunto
Kučerová, Markéta ; Vydrová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
The objective of this thesis was to analyse and compare two novels that were published in the late seventies-La tía Julia y el escribidor (1977, Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter) by Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa and La Habana para un Infante difunto (1979, Infante's Inferno) by Cuban Guillermo Cabrera Infante-and to search for the influences of the novel of formation. We have seen autobiographical elements in both books, analysed different levels of formation of the protagonists and mentioned the (parodic) inclination to the novel of initiation in Infante's Inferno. In the second part of the thesis we focused on other elements developed in both novels, for example the interference of trashy and extraliterary genres and the topic of literature and the occupation of the writer. We have concluded that both novels, although different, share the same platform.
Arielism of J.E. Rodó
Kozáková, Zuzana ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
The subject of this study is the Uruguayan essay Ariel of José Enrique Rodó and the wave of reactions and interpretations caused by this essay from 1900 on, the year of its publication, through the entire twentieth century. The first part of the thesis focuses on the circumstances of the time when Rodó wrote his famous essay. The character of the end of nineteenth century was determined by the war between Spain and the USA in 1898, and by an increasingly aggressive approach on the part of the USA as a result of a their growing military capabilities. In Latin American countries, voices were heard who warned about the danger of expansive politics of the northern neighbour. Rodó's Ariel was one of these voices. The Uruguayan author criticized the so called nordomanía and advocated continuing the Latin traditions of their Spanish ancestors. The work deals also with the main influences of two important philosophical movements, positivism and modernism, on the society.
The meditation of man and nature in essay of Mexican author
Junková, Eliška ; Housková, Anna (advisor) ; Fousek, Michal (referee)
This work is concentrated on analysis of pictures of nature in Spanish-American essayistic text. That is why it approaches theoretic resource of essay genre in the light of different accesses of literature theoreticians in the beginning: Northrop Frye, Jose Luis Gómes-Martínez, Josef Hrabák, Ortega y Gasset and Alfonso Reyes. Subsequently it shortly foreshadowes an evolution of essay genre in Europe. Further it is concentrated on hacceity of this genre in Spanish-America. This part is based on studies of: Fernando Aínsa, Anna Housková, José Luis Gómez-Martínez, John Skirius.
Female characters in Spanish novels of the Franco era
Sojáková, Tereza ; Fousek, Michal (advisor) ; Sánchez Fernández, Juan Antonio (referee)
The objective of this thesis is to analyse female characters in selected Spanish novels of the Franco era. Woman, as an object of literary dissection, offers a number of possible interpretations, be it from the literary, historical, psychological or sociological point of view. This thesis intends to take into account aH these aspects. In the first part of the thesis we consider the evolution of a woman's condition within society, particularly in the Franco era. In the second part, we concentrate upon woman as a literary character. After a brief historical summary of female characters within Spanish literature, we focus on analysing particular works of intluential Spanish writers. In the final chapter we strive for a comprehensive view of female characters in the novel s discussed.
Space in Valle-Inclán's Sonatas
Mathé, Lukáš ; Fousek, Michal (advisor) ; Housková, Anna (referee)
V první kapitole naší práce jsme stručně přiblížili některé teoretické přístupy ke studiu poetiky prostoru v literárním díle. Cílem bylo na základě různých inspirací vytvořit metodu, která by vyhovovala zkoumání prostorové konfigurace čtyř Sonát Ramóna M. del Valle- Inclána. Vedoucí inspirací se stala studie polského teoretika Januzse Sławińskeho. V závislosti na ní jsme se rozhodli zaměřit nejdříve na styl a specifika popisu prostoru. Centrální částí našeho zkoumání se pak mělo stát podrobné studium struktury nejdůležitějších prostorů Pamětí markýze Bradomína, vedoucí k určení významotvornosti prostorové složky pro textový celek a k odhalení jejího vztahu k složkám dalším. V kapitole o popisu jsme shrnuli nejzávažnější rysy a specifika deskripce prostorů v Sonátách. Sledovali jsme metodu francouzského teoretika Philippa Hamona, srovnávajíce jeho závěry ze zkoumání popisu v realisticko-naturalistickém diskursu s podobou popisu v Sonátách. Jako nejvýznamnější charakteristiky deskripce v tomto díle jsme určili vysokou míru vypravěčovy subjektivity při popisu, dynamizující zdobnost podtémat jednotlivých prostorů a používání kulturních klišé, jež vede k aktivnímu zapojení čtenáře do literární komunikace. Popisující odkazuje na kulturně známé vzory takových prostorů, čtenář si má představit příkladný objekt...

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