National Repository of Grey Literature 56 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Selection of appropriate indigenous yeasts for wine production
Krátká, Veronika ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Vránová, Dana (advisor)
The aim of this diploma thesis was the selection of appropriate indigenous yeasts for wine production. Tested yeasts were isolated from the grapes from the winery Maňák Žádovice. The yeasts isolated within theses in 2009 – 2012 have been also tested, and commercial wine yeast have been tested for comparison. In the theoretical part the focus is on the technology of wine, in particular fermentation. The work is also focused on yeasts metabolism and taxonomy. There was described the principle of PCR-RFLP, and methods used to characterize the properties of isolated yeasts. In the experimental part was made isolation of yeasts, theirs identification using PCR-RFLP and to select the most suitable yeast in wine making proces were performed physiological tests.
A study of the possibility of waste pastries using for the bioproduction of selected metabolites
Hudečková, Helena ; Vránová, Dana (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
The aim of this diploma thesis was to study the possibility of using waste bread to bioproduction of selected metabolites. As bakery waste was used waste bread that came from coffee-house “Zastávka”. Bread was pre-treated by grinding into small particles and then it was made to form 15% w/v suspension, which was subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis. For the hydrolysis has been used the -amylase for liquefaction of the substrate and that was followed by a glucoamylase which sacharificated the substrate. There have been several methods of hydrolysis from which was chosen the optimal method for pre-treatment of the substrate prior to fermentation. The effectivity and a process of hydrolysis were determined spectrophotometrically by Somogyi-Nelson method. Final yields of glucose from hydrolysis were determined by HPLC method. Enzymatic hydrolysis was followed by fermentation, which was carried out in two ways, namely by adjusting the pH of the hydrolyzate to pH 5, and without pH adjustment. During the fermentation was carried out sampling in which was determined the content of glucose, glycerol and ethanol by HPLC method. The yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae were used for the fermentation which was performed at 30 °C. High yield of glucose was achieved by hydrolysis in two steps (70,28 gl-1), but for the fermentation was used mixed hydrolysis (second method of mixed hydrolysis) with yield 67,94 gl-1. High ethanol yield was achieved during fermentation without treatment pH, namely 31,5 gl-1.
Study of lipase production using selected microorganisms
Rošková, Hana ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Omelková, Jiřina (advisor)
Diploma thesis was aimed at studying of lipolytic activity of seven microorganisms, at which this activity was previously assumed or already confirmed. Theoretical part deals with the general characteristics of lipoyltic enzymes, specifics of microbial lipases and their industrial application, with an emphasis on food industry. Experimental part deals with the study of seven microorganisms and their lipolytic activity at the presence of a carbohydrate (glucose) or a lipid (canola oil) or both, as a source of carbon. For further testing were singled out Rhodotorula minuta nad Yarrowia lipolytica. This yeasts were subsequently tested for lipolytic aktivity at the presence of different vegetable oils (olive, sunflower, canola oil and waste cooking oil), nitrogen sources of organic and inorganic origin (urea, yeast extract, amonnium chloride, amonnium sulfate) and also a addition of detergent, which is commonly used in food industry or other food facilities.
Assessment of aroma active compounds in currant
Lišková, Michaela ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This master thesis deals with the assessment of aroma active compounds in fruits of currant (Ribes spp.). The theoretical part was focused on basic characteristics and chemical composition of currants, as well as the basic principles of techniques used: solid phase micro extraction (SPME), gas chromatography (GC) and sensory analysis. The main aim of the experimental part was to determine aroma active compounds in currants using SPME-GC-FID method. The profile and scale tests were used for assessment of sensory quality and tastiness of fruits. In total 18 varieties, among them 6 white, 6 red and 6 black currants, were evaluated. Fifty aroma active compounds were identified including 21 alcohols, 10 aldehydes, 2 acids, 8 ketones and 9 esters. The results were statistically evaluated using principal component analysis (PCA) to investigate the influence of single compounds on sensory quality of fruits.
Optimization of bioethanol production by Zymomonas mobilis
Andrlová, Kateřina ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
Diploma thesis deals with use of Zymomonas mobilis for the production of bioethanol from waste paper. There were used three kinds of substrate (cardboard, drawing and office paper) to optimize of bioethanol production. Individual papers were subjected to the same pre treatment, namely a milling, a combination of microwave irradiation and NaOH, a combination of microwave irradiation and H2SO4 and combination microwave irradiation, H2SO4 and NaOH. The substrates were decomposed by enzymatic hydrolysis after pre treatment to evaluate the best pre-treatment. Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation was carried out for each substrate (with two of the best pre-treatment). The samples were taken during the hydrolysis and the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation, and were determined by HPLC. Growth curves of Zymomonas mobilis were constructed, as the most appropriate for SSF was chosen temperature of 40 ° C in which the exponential phase took place at the time of 6 15 hours. During hydrolysis was monitored glucose concentration in the solution. The maximum concentration of glucose was in the cardboard (microwaves + H2SO4 + NaOH) 16.46 gdm-3, a drawing (microwaves + H2SO4 + NaOH) 31.78 gdm-3, and office paper (microwaves + H2SO4) 25.04 gdm-3. The concentration of ethanol for SSF was highest in the same cases as in the hydrolysis. The cardboard was the maximum concentration of bio ethanol 9.5 gdm-3, for the drawing 16.1 gdm-3 and for the office paper 12.13 gdm-3.
Biodegradability of bacterial natural and modified polyesters and their composites
Pala, Martin ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Obruča, Stanislav (advisor)
Presented work was focused on biodegradability of bacterial natural and modified polyesters and their composites. The first part of the work was focused on study of influence of PHA granules structure on their biodegradability using selected enzymes and influence of physiological conditions on PHA stability. Overall, tested polymer either in crytalinne or amorphous phase seems to be rezistent to attack of seleced hydrolytic enzymes such as lipases or proteases and is stable in simulated physiological fluids as well. Because of thies results, it is possible to use tested PHA materials in biomedical applications requiring rather resistant biomaterials. Second part of the work was focused on microbial degradation of modified PHA materials considering their potential environmental impact. Both mixed thermophillic culture originaly used in wastewater treatment plant and bacterial strain Delftia acidovorans were employed for biodegradation tests. Composites containing chlorine PHB and PHB films modified using plasticizers were tested. Films containing chlorine PHB cause inhibition of biomass growth to both tested cultures. The highest rate of degradation (31%) was observed in presence of bacterial culture with film containing 10% chlorine PHB. The results show that used microbial population is important factor affecting biodegradability.
Selected bioengineering characteristics of lactic acid bacteria
Šťásková, Lucie ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the growth of biomass and production of selected metabolit–lactic acid by thermophilic bacteria Bacillus coagulans. The resulting selected metabolite was determined by HPLC method. Cultivations of this genus were performed on synthetic media, where the influence of carbohydrate used as carbon source was tested. Lactose was more suitable fot growth of biomass and glucose for production of lactic acid. On natural whey media the influence of different conditions were tested. The highest yields of biomass and production of lactic acid were observed on enriched whey medium. The last part deals with comparing the production of biomass and metabolites, depending on the volume of media. There were compared selected bioengineering characteristics of all cultivations.
Study of growth and optimization of selected metabolites production by Zymomonas mobilis
Lukačková, Adéla ; Vránová, Dana (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
In the diploma thesis are discussed the process of enzymatic hydrolysis of waste paper as a source for the production of bioethanol by bacteria Zymomonas mobilis. In the theoretical part summarize basic information about particular methods of hydrolysis, about paper used as a raw material for enzymatic hydrolysis, about possibilities of the fermentative production of bioethanol focusing on the method of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation comparison with enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation. Suitable microorganisms for ethanolic fermentation and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation and their advantages and disadvantages, are further discussed in this part as well. The theoretical part ends with the suggestion of the technological process for production of bioetanol. It covers all necessary steps from the input of raw material to the separation of produced ethanol. In the experimental part various parameters of hydrolysis, fermentation and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation were optimized using enzymes from Novozymes® company and the Zymomonas mobilis CCM2770 and Zymomonas mobilis LMG457 bacterium. The conversion rate of paper cellulose to gluckose and production of ethanol were observed by HPLC/RI method. Type of buffer, quantity of cells, enzyme and substrate were optimized in order to maximize the efficiency of the process. All experiments were performed on paper containing high amount of cellulose and for comparison on standard medium which contains gluckose. The highest yields was achieved with the use of Novozymes® Cellulosic ethanol enzyme Kit. The strain Zymomonas mobilis LMG457 has demonstrated as a better producer.
Mechanically separated meat from poultry produced by different techniques: Proteins, fat and bone fragment determination.
Čížková, Silvie ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Šalplachta, Jan (advisor)
The diploma thesis is focused on mechanically separated chicken meat (MSM), which was produced on the machine Baader 601 (soft way of separation) and Lima D (hard way of separation). The history, production, composition and legislation relating to the MSM have been described in the theoretical part. The experiments involving the results of the determination of total solids, total fat, total protein, muscle protein and collagen have been introduced in the experimental part. Bone fragments have been determined by weight and visually after alkaline hydrolysis of samples at elevated, respectively atmospheric pressure. Results have been evaluated with regard to the feedstock and the method of mechanical separation. Values have been compared with data published in the scientific literature and legislative requirements. Data from the experiment confirm high variability and thus different food quality of MSMs, depending on the sort of feedstock used in the production of MSM and the separation method.
Whey utilization with thermophilic microorganisms
Rychová, Alexandra ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
This diploma thesis studies the utilization of whey using thermophilic bacteria of the genus Thermus and Geobacillus. The whey stripped off proteins was used as a cultivation medium during experiments. The cultivation took place in the Erlenmeyer flasks, to assess the optimal conditions for microrganism’s growth. During the cultivation in the bioreactor, growth curves were established. The amount of whey utilization was assessed by analytical methods that determine the concentration of reducing saccharides (lactose) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) while studying the optimal conditions and a method determining the concentration of reducing saccharides during growth curves analysis.

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