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The Feudo-vassal System on Royal Estates in Early Modern Bohemia
Novotná, Markéta ; Žemlička, Josef (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Mikulec, Jiří (referee)
Markéta Novotná Abstract - The Feudo-vassal System on Royal Estates in Early Modern Bohemia The study is devoted to the topic of feudo-vassal relations in early modern Bohemia presented on a sample of specific royal and chamber domains at the castle Karlštejn. The first part of the thesis describes how the feudo-vassal tenures were treated in Czech and European historical studies, using impulses from the philosophy and sociology. The others chapters are dedicated to the main object of this analysis - to the Karlštejn vassal system - a group of small-sized estates connected to castle Karlštejn through feudo-vassal bonds. The second chapter of the thesis deals with the problem of historical consciousness, where the castle Karlštejn is imagined as the site of "the national memory", which strongly effected the interpretation of the Karlštejn vassal system. The third (main) part of the thesis presents the factual analysis of the Karlštejn vassal system from the last third of sixteenth century to the turn of the seventies and the eighties of the next century. At the end of the study the analysis of four chosen vassal estates is added. Key words: Karlštejn, historiography, vassals, feudal system, domain, chamber, lower nobility
Collegiate Chapter of Stará Boleslav: economic conditions in the early modern period
Kratochvíl, Miroslav ; Kostlán, Antonín (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
In my diploma thesis is analyzed economic security of the collegiate chapter house in Stará Boleslav (near Prague). After an outline of the issue in the Middle Ages, the study concentrates on an evaluation of the profitability and economic impact of the estates of the Stará Boleslav chapter in the early modern period; also other possibilities of economic security are analysed here (including financial effect resulting from the Baroque pilgrimage). In some respects, the comparison is made here between Stará Boleslav collegiate chapter and some similar Czech church institutions. The topic is examined primarily on the basis of unpublished sources (land registers, population censuses etc.; list of the most important of them is included in appendix), taking into account also printed sources and secondary literature.
Social stratification of domain Horšovský Týn in the 17th - 19th century
Němečková, Ivana ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
T-Mobile Czech Republic a.s. Abstract.docx 1/1 Abstract This thesis is focused on the living conditions of the serf population in the West Bohemian domain of Horšovský Týn beetween 17th and 19th centuries. The core of this work is in the 17th century. The geografical area of the domain was defined in the Tax Rule - the city, fifty- four villages and five partial villages. This paper consists of four basic sections. In the first section you can find the overview of the main literature regarding this topic. The second one is dedicated to the brief historical and territorial development of the domain and to the characteristic of the administrative and economic circumstances. The demografical structure of the domain in the 17th century is described in depth in the third section. This analysis was done on the basis of the register of the serf people classified according to their religion. The focus is partially dedicated to the social structure as well, mainly to the houseless lodgers and servants. The typology and composition of the households is discussed briefly. Above that, there is an approximation of population in the domain Horšovský Týn from the mid 17th until the end of 19th century. The last section is focused on the social stratification of the domain and its changes from the mid 17th to the mid 19th...
The Historical topography of Kostelec nad Černými lesy town
Mrvík, Vladimír Jakub ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Semotanová, Eva (referee) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
English abstract The aim of my thesis is to use usual methodologies and above all finding new ways of historical urban topography, applied to a representative of a small town, which since the 16th century has evolved from agrarian center seat for a wide area - Kostelec nad Černými lesy. Kostelec is one of the smaller Czech towns located in the district Prague-East and currently has about 3,500 inhabitants. In particular, there exists relatively rich and complex source material preserved from the 16th century (primary a series of cadastral and urban books and an extensive aristocratic-domain archive). 1. Topics of historic urban topography: A) Problems associated with urban planning or development of the oldest cities in the absence of the written sources 1. Evaluation of the position of town/city. 2. Before-location situation. 3. New location in town, depending on upgrade- privilege in comparison with analogous cases. 4. communication scheme over the centuries. B) Problems associated with individual objects or their architecture and typology 1. Overview of all owners and house prices in a specific year and season, depending on economical or physical condition of the building. 2. Whether the house was wooden, stone, brick, or whether it had the attic floor, the approximate number of habitable rooms and...
Population development at the manor of Škvorec at the turn of 18th and 19th century
Kuprová, Barbora ; Fialová, Ludmila (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
Population development at the manor of Škvorec at the turn of 18th and 19th century Abstract The intention of this study is to analyze the development of natural change of population at the manor of Škvorec at the turn of 18th and 19th century (nuptiality and fertility in the years 1780-1819 and mortality in the years 1780-1869) and to characterize the basic demographic indicators. The nominal excerpts from parish registers was made to find numbers of births, marriages and deaths. Family reconstitution method (based on marriges from the years 1780-1819) was used for these data. The development of natural change at the manor is compared with the results of studies developed for the localities of the Czech lands and particularly with the development of the parish Lochenice and at Budyně nad Ohří. The conclusions mostly confirmed the development in the Czech lands. Comparison with results of Budyně nad Ohří confirmed the different population development in urban and rural areas. Keywords: development of natural change, parish registers, family reconstitution, manor of Škvorec.
Josef Vítězslav Šimák (His life and work with special view to historical homeland study)
Kábová, Hana ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Blüml, Josef (referee)
disertační práce KÁBOVÁ, Hana. Josef Vítězslav Šimák (Jeho život a dílo se zvláštním zřetelem k historické vlastivědě // Josef Vítězslav Šimák (His life and work with special view to historical homeland study). Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Filozofická fakulta, Ústav českých dějin, 2011. Abstract: The academic dissertation includes a detailed biography of J.V. Šimák and a thematic analysis of his work, based on exhaustive study of archival sources and literature. Special attention is paid to the issue of institutionalizing the historical homeland study in the Czech lands and the phenomenon of cultural regionalism, as well as the methodology and institutional bases of the historiography development (university, scientific societies and associations). The academic dissertation deepens and extends current knowledge of the Czech historiography at the end of the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries. It includes bibliography of Šimák's scientific books, studies, articles, reviews, popularization essays and newspaper contributions. A list of his university and popularization lectures is also attached. Keywords: Czech historiography - historical homeland study - Josef Vítězslav Šimák.
Chrudim region in the half of 17th century - demographic and social structure
Kačerová, Eva ; Fialová, Ludmila (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Závodský, Prokop (referee)
The aim of the submitted thesis is to give an overall picture of the demographic structure of the population of the Chrudim region after the end of the Thirty Years War as recorded in the List of Serfs according to Faith of 1651. Each individual was listed according to name, occupation or relationship to household head, age and religious status. The List recorded 46 626 persons of the Chrudim region. This List did not avoid the rounding-off the age of the people and failed to record consistently the infant part of the population. One of the main aims is to provide an estimate of the child component of the population. The basic prerequisite for estimating the number of children under the age of 12 was that women (men) of the same age in various parts of the estates had on average the same or at least a similar number of children in the individual age groups. Mathematical models eliminating rounding the age of the people consist in formalisation of thinking the way people could rounding their age. One possibility is hypothesis that closer their real age was to some favourite age (multiples 10, 5, even numbers) so much the more they rounded their age for this favourite values. Another possibility presents hypothesis of uniform tendency to rounding within the frame of determinate interval. The last...
The baroque Waldsteine in Bohemia (1640-1740)
Hrbek, Jiří ; Maur, Eduard (advisor) ; Petráň, Josef (referee) ; Vlnas, Vít (referee)
My thesis describes the evolution of the Waldstein clan in the age of one hundred years after the Thirty Years War. Both termini which I have chosen (1640 and 1740) are not exactly kept because of logic of my constructions. I aspire to commit an integrated and compact view of activities of Waldstein clan, which belonged to an aristocratic class through its property, political power and an amount of social relations. It was one of the most famous and most powerful family structures in early modern Bohemia and in the whole Habsburg monarchy as well. My method combines a lot of approaches including biography (prosopography) and structure analysis. I want to inquire the relations between the Waldstein family and the changing social and political structures, in which they acted. The first part concerns stories of the personalities growing from the clan, their activities in the frame of early modern state and its administration. In the time of 17th and 18th centuries, this activity was connected with the fealty to the ruler and the service for the ruler was an essential assumption for making the career. As courtiers, diplomats and officers, the Waldsteine came up to expectations of their estate. The models of aristocratic careers I have related to the life cycle and I have described the making of...
(Dis) honest Citizens of Pardubice - the Town and the Townspeople in the Second Half of the 16th Century
Růžková, Zuzana ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
and keywords The theme of this thesis is the history of the town Pardubice in the second half of the 16th century, especially in the 1560s and 1570s when the town became the property of the king. This was the end of the period in which the Pernstejn family had owned this land for 70 years and which is deeply studied because it is considered to be "the golden age" of the town and surrounding demesne. However, the purpose of the following pages is to inform about the development of the town and its inhabitants after the sale of the Pardubice demesne to the royal chamber. All the conslusions are made on the basis of read up literature and archival documents, in particular. The thesis mainly refers to the social structure and interaction of particular groups, authorities of the town (eventually the surrounding demesne) and the town justice - both civil just and criminal law. The intention of this thesis is to obtain some new pieces of knowledge of the regional history, and at the same time to prepare the basis for further studies of the history of Pardubice in the early modern period. The key words: Pardubice, townspeople, authorities, justice
"He has paid and owes nothing." Aspects of the transaction with the serf estate in the town of Mělník in the 17th century
Koumar, Jiří ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee) ; Chocholáč, Bronislav (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of property transfer of servile real estates in the Estate of Melnik during the 17 century. As the main resource material was used the collection of Melnik Books of Land Ownership founded during the 80s of the 16 century. After the Thirty Years' War these books were restored in connection with the afterwar reconstruction of the Estate of Melnik and were published in a new edition until the turn of the 17 and 18 century. Besides these Books of Land Ownership we also studied other kinds of resources such as land and duties registers, land-registries, inventories and estimations which originated in the 17 century with respect to this Estate. In the end of the 17 century was formed a uniquely preserved register of serfs which enables us not only to have better knowledge of the structure of settled farmers themselves but also create the first picture of general structure of servile population in the Estate. In the introduction I tried to place the Estate of Melnik in the structure of Early Modern Times country estates. With the size ranging from medium to smaller the Estate of Melnik was formally as a chamber estate in possession of the Czech king for the most of its development in the period of Early Modern Times. Nevertheless in reality the Estate as a pawned land was held by...

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