National Repository of Grey Literature 39 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Women in the Recatholization of the Czech Lands
Jiřincová, Barbora ; Vlnas, Vít (advisor) ; Čornejová, Ivana (referee) ; Knoz, Tomáš (referee)
The thesis addresses the topic of women in the process of the recatholization of Bohemia and focuses mainly on the first half of the 17th century. The author investigated if and how much the experience of women differed from that of men. More than the legislation and newly created norms the application of these directions enlightens the topic of women. Rich material connected to the activity of the recatholization commission and other authorities devoted to the conversion of Czech population was used. Sources of statistical character were used for evaluation of the results of the process. Because of their extent, regional restriction had to be made - we focused on Boleslavsko. In the focus of the thesis were mainly townswomen and lower nobility. One of the most important findings is the fact that the authorities saw women as important as men in the process. Although specific, seemingly more moderate, means for coercion were used in women's case. This flexibility is typical for the Catholic church's approach to women and we are in concord with other researchers, mostly from abroad. The findings also contribute to our knowledge of the process of the recatholization of the Czech lands. KEY WORDS Recatholization, Catholic reformation, women's history, gender history, early modern ages, counter-reformation.
Iron cross and Czechoslovakia
Hervíř, Pavel ; Vlnas, Vít (advisor) ; Koura, Petr (referee)
The presented diploma project places emphasis on introducing the Order of the Knight Cross in context of the Czech history of the half of the twentieth century. This order took its place in the Czech history not as a symbol of liberating wars, which it was in time of its birth, but as an implement of totalitarian regime. Apart from the description of the development of the order itself, this project aims at presenting the holders of the Knight Cross as the highest level of the Iron Cross which was given to soldiers of German defence power of Czechoslovak origin during the second world war. This project also includes short personal stories of these veteran soldiers of " Czechoslovak " origin enhanced with a lot of personal information. The integral part of this dissertation is also the explanation of importance of symbol of the Iron Cross and its position in the society of the time of the Third Reich. There is also shown its coherent story on which it is possible to illustrate its own transformation under the terms of historical development. The dissertation is divided into several parts. The introductory part covers a brief history of the Order of the Iron Cross from its birth to the end of the second world war. The next chapter deals with the birth and the importance of the Knight Cross and its...
"The stone guardian of a glorious past" The changes in the perception of the Karlštejn Castle by the Czechs and the Germans in Bohemia during the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries
Venclík, David ; Vlnas, Vít (advisor) ; Hojda, Zdeněk (referee) ; Petrasová, Taťána (referee)
In the thesis I have tried to capture the shifts in the perception of the Karlštejn Castle in the historical memory of the Czech and German society in a wider political-cultural context. The Czech nationalists saw the castle as a symbol of the Czech nation's fate, because the nation lived through the time of its foremost glory during the reign of Emperor Charles IV. But their symbol was mostly neglected and forgotten in their time. Amongst the Germans, the romantic idea of the Karlštejn Castle having been built according to a mythical castle known from the Holy Grail legends was widespread. The building, then in decay, was thoroughly reconstructed between the 1880s - 1890s. The reconstruction was done by the renowned architects of that time, Friedrich Schmidt and Josef Mocker. The Czech political representation promoted the renovation of the Karlštejn Castle in connection with their State-law demands, which were supposed to culminate in the reconstruction of this medieval castle and the royal coronation of the Austrian emperor with the Crown of St. Wenceslas. The medieval building was wrongly said to have been the original place where the crown jewels had been kept. In the historical memory of the German society, the Karlštejn Castle remained the remembrance of the glory of the Holy Roman Empire...
Importance of discalced Augustinians as the art submitters in Bohemia between year 1623 and Joseph's II. reforms
Šmilauerová, Adéla ; Royt, Jan (advisor) ; Vlnas, Vít (referee) ; Hojda, Zdeněk (referee)
The introductory chapter fills a completely blank space concerning the history, organisation and spirituality of the Order of the Discalced Augustinians in the Czech context. The existing literature has so far only briefly outlined this topic; however, it cannot be explored with no knowledge of the 20th -century professional Italian research works or the preserved resources produced by the General Curia in Rome and the 18th century literature of the Order. The thesis also provides a general overview of the activities of the Czech mon­ asteries of the Discalced Augustinians in the period context, also reflecting the in­ fluence of the Order on the spiritual and cultural life of the laymen, an influence which, as regards the monastery in Lnare, extends into the early 20th century. The extant resources have helped to describe relations between the members of the Order and the outside world, be it the links to the local clergy or laymen, espe­ cially burghers and nobility or its dependants. The relationship between the famil­ ies who financed the foundation of the two latest monasteries (Lnare and Lysa nad Labem) and the monastic community is the focus of specific attention. The monas­ tery benefactors who financed specific artworks were also recruited from these contacts. In return, they could hope to be...
Josefína Kablíková, personality of Vrchlabí in the 19th century
Limberská, Jana ; Vlnas, Vít (advisor) ; Louda, Jiří (referee)
In my Diploma thesis I wanted to explore a theme which is close to my region. I decided to write about Josefina Kablíková, a modern and progressive woman of the 19th century. Josefina was an emancipated woman with a very intriguing life story. She was one of a few women botanists of her period. At first, I will present her own biography and a biography of her husband, Vojtěch Kablík. Vrchlabí in the 19th century and its specification is described. The following chapter is devoted to Josefina Kablíková as a botanist. Her botanical research far surpassed the region of Krkonoše. She became famous for her gathering of the Krkonoše flora. Even several botanical species are named after her. Another section illustrates the scientific research of Vojtěch Kablík, a pharmacist and a chemist in Vrchlabí. The last section concerns the Mánes family, who were frequent guests in the house of Kablíkovi. A large number of Mánes's drawings, paintings and portraits came into existence depicting Vrchlabí, its surroundings and Kablíkovi themselves. The aim of this Diploma thesis is to explain significance as well as the life story of the Kablíkovi couple in the context of the period and the region.
Collecting of German and Austrian Panel Paintings of the 14th-16th Centuries at the National Gallery in Prague
Kotková, Olga ; Vlnas, Vít (advisor) ; Ottová, Michaela (referee) ; Hojda, Zdeněk (referee)
The thesis Collecting of German and Austrian Panel Paintings of the 14th-16th Centuries at the National Gallery in Prague is devoted to art collecting of panel paintings which are considered to be works from regions of what is today Germany and Austria. Two items were probably created in nowadays Switzerland; six panels are originated from the Southern Tyrol (today belonging to Italy) and two pictures can be localized to Silesia, to Wrocław (Breclau) respectively. The thesis includes works created in the period from the late 14th century to the late 16th century. The paintings have appeared in the region of the today Czech Republic in various periods, many of them belonged to aristocratic collections, which blossomed mainly in the 18th-19th centuries. Many secondary written sources have been survived from this period, in which particular work of art can be often founded. This thesis focus on the paintings which are now at the National Gallery in Prague (or belonged to the collections of its historical predecessors). On the basis of primary and above all secondary written documents can be verified when and under which circumstances the works of art appeared in region of our country and how they subsequently came to the funds of our largest public art collection.

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