National Repository of Grey Literature 86 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Mirror of Reality in the Imagery of Dreams of the 19th and 20th Centuries. Creative Individuality versus the Chaos of the Time
Šmejkalová, Adriana ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Prahl, Roman (referee) ; Winter, Tomáš (referee)
ANNOTATION: The work The Mirror of Reality in the Imagery of Dreams of the 19th and 20th Centuries - Creative Individuality versus the Chaos of the Time is based on the assumption that dreams are inseparably linked to the concept of existence in human life (Michel Foucault). The study touches on the ways in which dreams are depicted in visual culture that does not coincide with chronologically organized historical events, but is an expression of a free alliance between artists in the European space and centuries of common experience. These works are generally socially critical, exposed to unimaginable pressure from public censorship. The artist must pretend it is only an innocent game, a crazy idea, a whim. At the same time, these paintings are not an expression of boundless imagination, but they are subject to the firm rules of spatial construction of the painting. This is due to the traditional delimitation of dark depths - the underworld of Virgil's Saturn myth of pre-Roman culture, alternating with the vertically felt open heavens as variants of the original Plato's The Myth of Er, which in the 20th century paintings is replaced by the idea of an open landscape with illumination on the low horizon. The work deals with the work of Albrecht Dürer, his copperplate Melancholia I (1514) and his so-called...
The role of sculpture in the official art of totalitarian regimes: DDR and ČSR 1948 - 1968 compared
Břízová, Daniela ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Klimešová, Marie (referee) ; Dickel, Hans (referee)
The dissertation is dedicated to the under-researched subject of the official sculpture in the DDR and ČSR in the time-frame 1948-1968. By evaluating the material on a broad background of the art historical, historical, cultural and ideological determinants, the dissertation endeavour to provide an accurate insight into the internal processes of the cultural machinery of the Socialist states with regard to sculpture and sculptors. The comparative character of the dissertation contributes to the understanding of the critical questions of art historical research of the period - such as the (in)authenticity of the local varieties of Socialist Realism and relatedness to the SSSR Socrealism, dates of the Socrealism existence, engagement of modernist sculptors, principles of the state/artist relationship or the second life of the Socrealist sculpture.
The Issues of Modernist Orientation of Sculpture Studio Graduates at the Academy of Arts in Prague in 1896-1914
Baborovská, Sandra ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Šámal, Petr (referee) ; Fišer, Marcel (referee)
The main subject of the thesis are the beginnings of the studio founded by J. V. Myslbek at the Academy of Arts in Prague in 1896. Firstly, the personality of J. V. Myslbek and his evolution as an artist since the early sixties of the 19th century are being discussed. This part covers Myslbek's trip to Paris in 1878 and his friendship with Vojtech Hynais, which helped him gain a deeper understanding of the contemporary French sculpture and which was vital to the stylistic formation of his sculpture "Music" (created between 1891 and 1907, during Myslbek's presence at the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design and at the Academy of Arts). Myslbek's first students at the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design were influenced by his lyrical conception; the generation of Maratka's classmates have followed their teacher to the newly established Academy of Arts. Around 1900 sharp controversies between the teacher and his students have arised - these in retrograde seem to be essential for their future success. Graduates of the College of Stonemasonry and Sculpture in Horice were among the students of the sculpture studio at the Academy of Arts in Prague. Their previous training laid an ideal foundation for artistic growth under the tuition of Myslbek, who have stressed the importance of craft, which...
František Urban's Stained Glass
Cachová, Tereza ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Mergl, Jan (referee)
František Urban (1868-1919) devoted himself mainly to religious painting, the majority of his production was commissioned by the Church. Among these, the least attention has been dedicated to his stained glass designs, with the exception of his most famous complex in the Cathedral of St Barbara in Kutná Hora. However, these designs were held in high regard among the commissioners and Urban drew them for almost twenty churches and chapels. The supreme phase of his production was caught and can be now accessed in a representative publication of his designs for churches, published 1907-1909 in two parts. Urban's style has been classified as Art Nouveau; it is, however, only a simplistic description. Urban used older elements and composition schemes, brought by the Nazarenes at the beginning of 19th century. These he repurposed for the Art Noveau style, using the typical flatness and delicate colouring, idealization, ornamental elements in the fashion of that time, and most of all the then so popular folklore motifs. Urban's wife, Marie Urbanová- Zahradnická, contributed to some of the ornamental elements. This thesis attempts to assemble Urban's stained glass complexes and the knowledge about them, and to put them into the context of other painters who created their stained glass designs in a similar...
Incentives and determinants of changes in visual language in terms of Czech spatial production betwen 1965 and 1975 - on the fringe of official structures
Voborníková Mašková, Markéta ; Klimešová, Marie (advisor) ; Wittlich, Petr (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the complicated period of the development of Czech art - specifically spatial production between 1965 and 1975. Based on the study of the former situation, artworks and fates of selected authors it aims to clearly map out all the incentives and determinants which led to a significant metamorphosis of their expressive language in the late sixties and early seventies. It focuses on artists who were not tendentious and, consequently, were on the fringe of official structures. This kind of ostracism can certainly be regarded as just one of the above-mentioned pulses, which include, for example, the development of industrial technology, exploring new materials, change of the production process, historical references or the unmistakable personal experience of the author.
The Temptation of Saint Anthony. The Theme of Modern Art between Text and Image.
Hekrdlová, Alice ; Wittlich, Petr (referee) ; Rakušanová, Marie (referee)
This thesis examines the Temptation of Saint Anthony in the last quarter of the 19th century in France and Belgium. By analysis of particular art works it shows the variability of iconography and complexity of the Temptation theme which reflects the contemporary relation to religion, history, science, exotism, eroticism and other areas, which man living in the era of greate changes was confronted with. The importance of "The Temptation of Saint Anthony" by Gustave Flaubert is emphasized as an inspirational source for fine arts and on the general level the relation of text and visual presentation is discussed. The final part of the thesis dealing with "fin de siècle" art references the metamorphosis of the Temptation of st. Anthony in literature and fine arts as well as historical, social and religious relations in the context of which the character of Saint Anthony gradually became a permanent part of French culture.
Graphic Scores as a Way towards Reality. Example of "Complex Realism" in the Works of Czechoslovak Artists of the 1960s and 1970s within the Context of International Experimental Creation Movement.
Hlaváčková, Jitka ; Lahoda, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Wittlich, Petr (referee) ; Bláha, Jaroslav (referee)
The present work deals, from a general point of view, with the research of methods of depiction. In particular, it focuses on the phenomenon of graphical or visual scores in the former Czechoslovakia within the context of experimental creation movement of the early 1960s. It tries to discover the historical and also immediate social and artistic sources of their existence. It finds them in the need to express the primary (empiric) sensual experience, free from any formal assumptions stemming out of the traditional ways of depiction. The text points out mainly to the multidisciplinary qualities of the studied phenomenon defining "intermediality" as a "realistic tendency" and trying to substantiate both the origins and importance of intermediality within the artistic context of second half of 20th century by means of reflexion of older sources from the fields of history of art, music, philosophy (T. W. Adorno), sociology (M. McLuhan), semiotics (N. Goodman), as well as through original analysis of material. The work further investigates into the parallels within the evolution of visual art and music, mainly of the early avant-garde period (Dadaism, birth of conceptual art and complex work of the Bauhaus circle). It reflexes on the contemporary, and mostly foreign, context of the existence of the...
Imaginary Orientalism of Gustave Moreau in the Context of 19th Century Orientalism and Symbolism
Domincová, Eliška ; Prahl, Roman (advisor) ; Wittlich, Petr (referee)
The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to analyze the orientalist artwork of French painter Gustave Moreau in a context of orientalism and symbolism in the second half of the 19th century. The thesis focuses on comparing the representation of Orient in Moreau's art and its representation in painting in general, in particular in academic orientalism. Stylistic and thematic differences between traditional academic orientalism and the innovative approach of Gustave Moreau to the similar oriental subjects are examined. It also explores the position of Moreau's art in symbolist movement and his influence hereon. The core research method used in the thesis is studying the works of art mentioned in it and their analysis from iconographic, iconological and semiotic points of view. The author also examines primary textual sources (mainly artist's own thinking about art) and secondary literature concerning the life and art of Gustave Moreau, orientalism and its political context, and works on symbolism. The thesis consists of two parts. Part 1 deals with Moreau's orientalist art work within the frame of French orientalism of the second half of the 19th century, and it points out differences between Moreau's imaginary orientalism and the traditional academic orientalism. Chapter 1.1 describes the social and...
Social Tendencies and Vladimír Astl's Work
Knapová, Martina ; Wittlich, Petr (advisor) ; Prahl, Roman (referee)
One of the main objectives of this thesis is not only to map the life of Czech sculptor Vladimir Astl, but also explore various inspirational sources he might have used when creating social oriented pieces. Those are critical in is work. Typical avatars of plastics with social context are Žízeň (Thirst), Smutek (Sadness) or Stará žena (Old Woman), all of them from the period of 1905 - 1910. The initial chapter shortly discusses social problem which existed during the verge of 19th and 20th century and immediately influenced increasing use of social topics in art. Next chapter elaborates on these topics in more detail and focuses on changes of French society which were closely tied to the occurence of ambitious ideas to build monuments celebrating work of men. This chapter also discusses sculpture in France in more depth with focus on labor-oriented pieces from August Rodin, Jules Dalou and Henri Bouchard. The work of mentioned sculptors was dedicated to monuments celebrating labour. These formed a common inspiration source for social related themes in Czech sculpture of the turn of the 19th and 20th century. Next chapter continues to describe the foreign social tendencies and introduces a Belgian sculptor Constantin Meunier who made a significant impact on Czech lands with his pieces being...
Maxmilian Pirner - The conception of allegory and symbol in the work of one artist on the end of 19th century
Bencová, Zuzana ; Prahl, Roman (advisor) ; Wittlich, Petr (referee)
The theses Maxmilian Pirner - The conception of allegory and symbol in the work of one artist on the end of 19th century discusses the work of Maxmilian Pirner and his attitudes to allegory and symbol. Becouse at the end of 19th century was the allegorical system in crisis, Pirner reflected it by its' modernization. The modernisation of system in his own conception consisted in gradual rejection of traditional allegory and admission of symbol. The these is trying to answer the question how this process came through and why it was unique. The main focus of the theses is to describe Pirners'role in the process of development in art since neoromantism to symbolism at the turn of 19th and 20th century.

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