National Repository of Grey Literature 124 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Health determinants and self-perceived life expectancy
Dvořáková, Eliška ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
Health determinants and self-perceived life expectancy Abstract The bachelor thesis addresses the relationship between selected determinants for people aged 65 and over, and the statements about their self-perceived health, in 2014. EHIS and EU-SILC surveys were used as source information. Selected health determinants belong to lifestyle factors and therefore can be influenced by one's behaviour. These determinants include body mass index, smoking habits and alcohol drinking. The thesis is based on an international comparison of selected health determinants and mortality indicators obtained from Eurostat data on the 28 member states of the European Union. Keywords: health determinants, self-perceived health, body mass index, smoking habits, alcohol drinking, EU28
Development of partner forms in the Czech Republic: trends and patterns
Vyplel, Dan ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Velková, Alice (referee)
The objective of this study is to create comprehensive overview of the development of partner forms in the Czech republic from 1961 to 2016 and their own analysis. This thesis is divided into two parts, where the first part deals with analyzes of individual partner forms, namely in the form of analysis of primo-nuptiality, especially from generation perspective, analysis of divorce rate, analysis of marriages of divorced and analysis of cohabitation. This diploma thesis is so independently connected to my bachelor thesis, using the same primo-nuptiality life tables which had been calculated by a uniform methodology for absolute mutual comparability. These life tables, supplemented by another two years, were also used here to calculate the indicators in the already mentioned generational view of primo-nuptiality. The second part of this thesis is then devoted to the analysis of the International Social Survey Programme for the Czech Republic, focusing only on the part of the Family for 1994 and 2012 and their mutual comparison and transitions. Keywords: primo-nuptiality life tables, cohort, nuptial, marriage, divorce, cohabitation, ISSP, Czech Republic, IBM SPS
Mortality in countries of Eastern and Southern Europe: trends and patterns
Šplíchal, Matěj ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Dzúrová, Dagmar (referee)
Mortality in countries of Eastern and Southern Europe: trends and patterns Abstract The purpose of this thesis to is to evaluate any variances and commonality in the trends of mortality rates between southern and eastern Europe for the period beginning at the end of World War II (WWII) to present day. In order that the data used in the analysis of the populations of these two European regions is drawn from broad-based yet controlled demographic parameters, two countries from each region have been targeted. From southern Europe, Italy and Portugal, and from Eastern Europe Hungary and Bulgaria. The thesis will present both the analysis of data that relates to the development of the gross mortality rate together with that of more refined data that calculates the standardised mortality rate. A more in-depth analysis of mortality trends based on mortality tables and decomposition methods will also be presented using indicators of life expectancy at birth, infant mortality and life span, together with methods of decomposition of the difference between two demographic indicators (Kitagawy, R. Pressata, E. Arriagy and V. M. Shkolnikova). The conclusion of the analytical section deals with age variability at death. The hypotheses, set out in the introductory chapter, are evaluated at the end of the paper, based on...
Structures and trends of unemployment in the Czech Republic and the Visegrad Group states
Lichtenberková, Anna ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
Structures and trends of unemployment in the Czech Republic and the Visegrad Group states Abstract Unemployment is one of the major global problem today. This diploma thesis deals with the development of the level of unemployment in the Czech Republic and international comparison with the countries of the European Union, especially with the states of the Visegrad Group states. The thesis is divided into the theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part focuses on legislation related to unemployment, methodology and data sources, and also defines unemployment, its types and impacts. In the analytical part, there is described the development of unemployment in the Czech Republic from its origin to the present. Particular attention is paid to the year 2016, which was subjected to the analysis of unemployment in terms of demographic indicators such as gender, age, education and also according to individual regions of the Czech Republic. The work also compares the development of unemployment among Visegrad Group states from 2000 to 2016 and analyses the level of unemployment in terms of the highest education achieved between these countries in 2016. Keywords: Unemployment, unemployment structure, gender, age, education, legislation, methodology, labour force sample survey, Czech Republic, Visegrad Four...
Higher education analysis in the Czech Republic with a focus on graduates 2001-2017
Pištorová, Markéta ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
Higher education analysis in the Czech Republic with a focus on graduates 2001-2017 Abstract The aim of this thesis is the analysis of higher education graduates in the Czech Republic between 2001 and 2017, focussing on the type of study program, the field of study, the net duration of the study, the graduation age, the citizenship and the gender. As main data source served the register. Changes in the net duration of the study, depending on the above-mentioned factors, were summarized using a general linear model. The gender dependence on the field and the net duration of the study was modeled using logistic regression. In addition, demographic methods were used for net entry rates and net graduation rates. Theoretical introduction to the topic - Trow's Concept, Bologna Process and Strategic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports - is also included. The overview of higher education is complemented by the historical development of the higher education system in Czechoslovakia, information on the educational structure according to the SLDB 2011 and international comparisons within the OECD countries complements the overall view of higehr education. The main finding of this work is the fact that the amount and the structure of graduates reflect the implementation of the principles of the...
Differential infant mortality analysis in Czech lands during the interwar period
Zvonková, Štěpánka ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kalibová, Květa (referee)
Differential infant mortality rates in Czech lands during the interwar period Abstract The bachelor thesis addresses infant mortality conditions in the Czech lands in the interwar period characterized by a gradual decrease of all relevant indicators. The introductory theoretical part summarizes the current knowledge about economic and population development during the interwar period. The analytical section focuses on investigating the differential factors of infant mortality rates during the years 1920-1937 in the historical regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. First, mortality under one year of age is analyzed according to narrow age groups (neonatal and postneonatal mortality), sex, legitimacy, place of residence and then by other factors, such as nationality, religion and by causes of death. Finally, an analysis was made on the basic of infant life tables which are calculated by sex and legitimacy. The conclusion summarizes the results and answers to the research questions. Key words: infant mortality rate, Czech lands, interwar period
The wider context of the impact of solar activity on mortality by cause in the Czech Republic
Podolská, Kateřina ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Šídlo, Luděk (referee) ; Laštovička, Jan (referee)
The wider context of the impact of solar activity on mortality by cause in the Czech Republic Abstract The presented dissertation investigates the influence of extraterestrial phenomena, in the whole scope of their possible effects, on human population. It analyses the influence of climate-change induced fluctuation of solar activity on the population, as well as the impact of the concentration of cosmogenic radionuclides on human health. In the introduction, the manifestation of solar activity on Earth is described, the results of the present research is summarized, and the used methods of data processing and the data sources are described. The primary focus of this work is the association of mortality from the causes of death recorded under chapter IV. Diseases of the nervous system and chapter IX. Diseases of the circulatory system of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) in the Czech Republic with the changes in the level of solar activity and its exceptional fluctuations. The main aim is to determine the possible link between the daily numbers of dead by the respective causes of death, by sex and age groups in the Czech Republic, on global as well as on geographically specific daily values of solar, ionospheric, and geomagnetic parameters in the years 1994-2013. These are...

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