National Repository of Grey Literature 128 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of European populations structure by marital status, impact on health
Pluhařová, Markéta ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Malinová, Albína (referee)
Analysis of European populations structure by marital status, impact on health Abstract The bachelor thesis studies population structure by marital status in 21 countries of European Union (EU) and 3 countries of European Free Trade Association (EFTA) based on data from population census 2011 published by European Statistical Office using the descriptive and cluster analysis applied on age groups 30-39 and 50-54, for men and women separately and both sexes together. The next part is focused on examines relationship between marital status and health based on data from the sixth round European Social Survey 2012. Multivariet regression analysis was processed for the same 21 countries EU and 3 countries EFTA for men and women in age group 30-39 and 50-54. Key words marital status, age, sex, health, Europe
Self-perceived health with focus on determinants of depression in selected countries of Europe
Mlíčková, Klára ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Dzúrová, Dagmar (referee)
Self-perceived health with focus on determinants of depression in selected countries of Europe Abstract The aim of this thesis is to describe and compare the proportions of people with depressive symptoms in 29 European countries based on the health survey EHIS 2014. The effect of age, sex and education determinants is examined while focusing on persons aged 65 years and over. Using the cluster analysis method, proportions of persons aged 15 years and over suffering from depressive symptoms with the proportion of persons aged 65 years and over with depressive symptoms are compared and so are the sex differences in depressive symptoms within the persons aged 65 years and over. The relationship between the determinant of education and the depressive symptoms of persons aged 65 years and over is shown by conditional formatting. Analyses indicate that there is an apparent increase in the occurrence of depressive symptoms in the elderly, and it is even more noticeable with women. The level of education is also reflected in the occurrence of depressive symptoms, nevertheless, this relationship is not as apparent in the selected countries as it is for the age and sex determinants. Keywords: self-perceived health, health determinants, depressive symptoms, EHIS
Demographic patterns of Vietnamese Population in the Czech Republic
Nemec, David ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Fialová, Ludmila (referee)
Demographic behaviour of the Vietnamese people in the Czech Republic Abstract The Vietnamese have been living on the Czech territory for many years, even for several generations. Besides the Ukrainians and the Slovaks, the Vietnamese are the third largest group of foreigners in the Czech Republic. Even though the Vietnamese are nowadays an integral and common part of the Czech population, they have not yet received much demographic attention based on national data sources. This diploma thesis is focused on demographic issues of this minority. The thesis also deals with demographic differences between the Czech and Vietnamese population living in the Czech Republic. In addition, the thesis offers selected demographic features through which demographic disparities between the two parts of the population are analysed. The theoretical part of the thesis is focused on the legislative issues of terms such as: citizenship, nationality and mother tongue, as it is very important to understand and distinguish these terms, especially for the analytical part of the thesis. Each term is defined and described in the introduction, so the differences between terms are explained. However, more attention is paid to the term citizenship, as the analytical part of the thesis is based primarily on this term. In the theoretical...
Equality: age and gender (Czechia, Denmark, France, Poland)
Černá, Tereza ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kalibová, Květa (referee)
Equality: Age and gender Abstract Diploma thesis addresses age and gender inequalities in Czechia, Denmark, France and Poland, based on Special Eurobarometer 437 and Special Eurobarometer 465. It introduces basic terms connected with inequality in society as well as terms related to gender and age discrimination. The analytical part is focused on different perceptions of age and gender inequality by respondents from four selected countries. The questions are also analysed on base on the respondent's gender and their age group, either 25-34, or 55-64 years. The conclusion of the conducted survey data analysis is, that society in Czechia and Poland inclines towards gender-based prejudices and stereotypes more, than society in Denmark and France, which may be a consequence of stronger emphasis on gender equality in Western European countries. Age discrimination is more often noticed by Czech and French respondents, but it is clear, that respondents from all four countries perceive ageism as very serious and do not see adopted anti- discrimination measures as sufficient. Key words: discrimination, inequality, stereotypes, ageing, ageism, age discrimination, gender discrimination, Czechia, Denmark, France, Poland
Health determinants and self-perceived life expectancy
Dvořáková, Eliška ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
Health determinants and self-perceived life expectancy Abstract The bachelor thesis addresses the relationship between selected determinants for people aged 65 and over, and the statements about their self-perceived health, in 2014. EHIS and EU-SILC surveys were used as source information. Selected health determinants belong to lifestyle factors and therefore can be influenced by one's behaviour. These determinants include body mass index, smoking habits and alcohol drinking. The thesis is based on an international comparison of selected health determinants and mortality indicators obtained from Eurostat data on the 28 member states of the European Union. Keywords: health determinants, self-perceived health, body mass index, smoking habits, alcohol drinking, EU28
Development of partner forms in the Czech Republic: trends and patterns
Vyplel, Dan ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Velková, Alice (referee)
The objective of this study is to create comprehensive overview of the development of partner forms in the Czech republic from 1961 to 2016 and their own analysis. This thesis is divided into two parts, where the first part deals with analyzes of individual partner forms, namely in the form of analysis of primo-nuptiality, especially from generation perspective, analysis of divorce rate, analysis of marriages of divorced and analysis of cohabitation. This diploma thesis is so independently connected to my bachelor thesis, using the same primo-nuptiality life tables which had been calculated by a uniform methodology for absolute mutual comparability. These life tables, supplemented by another two years, were also used here to calculate the indicators in the already mentioned generational view of primo-nuptiality. The second part of this thesis is then devoted to the analysis of the International Social Survey Programme for the Czech Republic, focusing only on the part of the Family for 1994 and 2012 and their mutual comparison and transitions. Keywords: primo-nuptiality life tables, cohort, nuptial, marriage, divorce, cohabitation, ISSP, Czech Republic, IBM SPS
Mortality in countries of Eastern and Southern Europe: trends and patterns
Šplíchal, Matěj ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Dzúrová, Dagmar (referee)
Mortality in countries of Eastern and Southern Europe: trends and patterns Abstract The purpose of this thesis to is to evaluate any variances and commonality in the trends of mortality rates between southern and eastern Europe for the period beginning at the end of World War II (WWII) to present day. In order that the data used in the analysis of the populations of these two European regions is drawn from broad-based yet controlled demographic parameters, two countries from each region have been targeted. From southern Europe, Italy and Portugal, and from Eastern Europe Hungary and Bulgaria. The thesis will present both the analysis of data that relates to the development of the gross mortality rate together with that of more refined data that calculates the standardised mortality rate. A more in-depth analysis of mortality trends based on mortality tables and decomposition methods will also be presented using indicators of life expectancy at birth, infant mortality and life span, together with methods of decomposition of the difference between two demographic indicators (Kitagawy, R. Pressata, E. Arriagy and V. M. Shkolnikova). The conclusion of the analytical section deals with age variability at death. The hypotheses, set out in the introductory chapter, are evaluated at the end of the paper, based on...
Structures and trends of unemployment in the Czech Republic and the Visegrad Group states
Lichtenberková, Anna ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
Structures and trends of unemployment in the Czech Republic and the Visegrad Group states Abstract Unemployment is one of the major global problem today. This diploma thesis deals with the development of the level of unemployment in the Czech Republic and international comparison with the countries of the European Union, especially with the states of the Visegrad Group states. The thesis is divided into the theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part focuses on legislation related to unemployment, methodology and data sources, and also defines unemployment, its types and impacts. In the analytical part, there is described the development of unemployment in the Czech Republic from its origin to the present. Particular attention is paid to the year 2016, which was subjected to the analysis of unemployment in terms of demographic indicators such as gender, age, education and also according to individual regions of the Czech Republic. The work also compares the development of unemployment among Visegrad Group states from 2000 to 2016 and analyses the level of unemployment in terms of the highest education achieved between these countries in 2016. Keywords: Unemployment, unemployment structure, gender, age, education, legislation, methodology, labour force sample survey, Czech Republic, Visegrad Four...
Higher education analysis in the Czech Republic with a focus on graduates 2001-2017
Pištorová, Markéta ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
Higher education analysis in the Czech Republic with a focus on graduates 2001-2017 Abstract The aim of this thesis is the analysis of higher education graduates in the Czech Republic between 2001 and 2017, focussing on the type of study program, the field of study, the net duration of the study, the graduation age, the citizenship and the gender. As main data source served the register. Changes in the net duration of the study, depending on the above-mentioned factors, were summarized using a general linear model. The gender dependence on the field and the net duration of the study was modeled using logistic regression. In addition, demographic methods were used for net entry rates and net graduation rates. Theoretical introduction to the topic - Trow's Concept, Bologna Process and Strategic Materials of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports - is also included. The overview of higher education is complemented by the historical development of the higher education system in Czechoslovakia, information on the educational structure according to the SLDB 2011 and international comparisons within the OECD countries complements the overall view of higehr education. The main finding of this work is the fact that the amount and the structure of graduates reflect the implementation of the principles of the...
Differential infant mortality analysis in Czech lands during the interwar period
Zvonková, Štěpánka ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kalibová, Květa (referee)
Differential infant mortality rates in Czech lands during the interwar period Abstract The bachelor thesis addresses infant mortality conditions in the Czech lands in the interwar period characterized by a gradual decrease of all relevant indicators. The introductory theoretical part summarizes the current knowledge about economic and population development during the interwar period. The analytical section focuses on investigating the differential factors of infant mortality rates during the years 1920-1937 in the historical regions of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. First, mortality under one year of age is analyzed according to narrow age groups (neonatal and postneonatal mortality), sex, legitimacy, place of residence and then by other factors, such as nationality, religion and by causes of death. Finally, an analysis was made on the basic of infant life tables which are calculated by sex and legitimacy. The conclusion summarizes the results and answers to the research questions. Key words: infant mortality rate, Czech lands, interwar period

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