National Repository of Grey Literature 30 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Photochemical vapor generation of cobalt for detection by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Vyhnanovský, Jaromír ; Musil, Stanislav
Volatile species of cobalt were generated in a flow-injection system, employing a high-efficiency flow-through UV photoreactor and a formic acid based medium. Optimal generation conditions were found as 10% (v/v) formic acid and 4 mol/L ammonium formate at a flow rate of 4 ml/min.
Chemical vapor generation of cadmium for analytical atomic spectrometry
Sagapova, Linda ; Kodríková, Barbora ; Svoboda, Milan ; Musil, Stanislav ; Kratzer, Jan
Chemical vapor generation of cadmium volatile compounds was optimized, several reaction modifiers based on inorganic salts and complexes of CrIII+, CoII+, TiIII+, TiIV+ were tested. Their use resulted in 4-5 times enhancement in sensitivity, reflected also in corresponding increase of generation efficiency and better repeatability. Generation efficiency was determined from a comparison between sensitivities obtained with chemical vapor generation and conventional solution nebulization, both simultaneously coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The identity of the generated cadmium compounds was identified.
Photochemical vapour generation of bismuth coupled with atomic fluorescence spectrometry
Štádlerová, Barbora ; Vyhnanovský, Jaromír ; Dědina, Jiří ; Musil, Stanislav
Atomization of bismuthane in the flame-in-gas-shield atomizer by photochemical vapour generation coupled with atomic fluorescence spectrometry.
Optimization of photochemical vapor generation of nickel with ICP-MS detection
Šoukal, Jakub ; Musil, Stanislav
Photochemical vapor generation of Ni has been investigated in detail using ICP-MS as the detector.
Effect of metal sensitizers on photochemical vapor generation of bismuth for analytical atomic spectrometry
Vyhnanovský, Jaromír ; Yildiz, D. ; Musil, Stanislav
Three new sensitizers with a significant positive effect on the photochemical vapor generation of bismuth were described. Cobalt was found to be the most effective and led to a significant enhancement of the signal.
Atomization of bismuthane in two flame atomizers for atomic fluorescence spectrometry
Štádlerová, Barbora ; Kolrosová, Marta ; Dědina, Jiří ; Musil, Stanislav
Atomization of bismuthane in the minature diffusion flame and the flame-in-gas-shield atomizer by hydride generation coupled with atomic fluorescence spectrometry.
Hydride generation of tellurium for atomic absorption spectrometry
Bufková, Kateřina ; Musil, Stanislav (advisor) ; Matoušek, Tomáš (referee)
This master's thesis deals with optimization of conditions of chemical hydride generation of tellurium and conditions of its atomization, specifically in three types of atomizers - in a diffusion flame (DF), in a heated multiple microflame quartz tube atomizer (MMQTA) and in a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) atomizer. Tellurium hydride was generated in a flow injection arrangement and a high-resolution continuum source atomic absorption spectrometer was used for detection. As hydride generation can be only done from tetravalent species of tellurium, at first a simple procedure of pre-reduction of hexavalent species of tellurium by heating a standard in hydrochloric acid at 6 mol dm-3 was verified. Further, conditions of chemical generation were optimized with a goal to achieve as high generation efficiency as possible, namely, concentration of hydrochloric acid and sodium tetrahydroborate, volume of the reaction coil and a flow rate of carrier gas. Subsequently, conditions of atomization of tellurium hydride were examined with chosen optimal generation conditions. In the case of DF, it was an amount of hydrogen in the flame, a total flow rate of gases and observation height. In the case of MMQTA, temperature of the atomizer, a flow rate of carrier gas and a flow rate of air or oxygen needed for...
Hydride generation of bismuth for atomic absorption and fluorescence spectrometry.
Kolrosová, Marta ; Musil, Stanislav (advisor) ; Nováková, Eliška (referee)
This master's thesis deals with the optimization of conditions of chemical hydride generation (HG) of bismuth, its atomization and detection by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) and atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS). Two types of atomizers were used for atomization of volatile species, a miniature diffusion flame for AAS as well as for AFS and a flame-in-gas-shield atomizer for AFS. At first, the parameters of HG in a flow injection mode were optimized - the concentration of hydrochloric acid, the concentration of sodium borohydride and the volume of the reaction coil. Subsequently, the atomization conditions were optimized using both atomizers. The parameters optimized were hydrogen fraction, total gas flow rate and observation height. Due to the more complicated construction of the FIGS atomizer, more parameters were studied, such as the oxygen flow rate through the capillary and the flow rate of shielding argon required for shielding the free atoms. A special part of the thesis dealt with the optimization of the optical path of the atomic fluorescence spectrometer, the selection of an interference filter and the optimization of a power supply of an electrodeless discharge lamp. It was found that under optimum conditions of generation, atomization and detection excellent detection limits...
Photochemical generation of volatile species of cobalt for analytical atomic spectrometry
Vyhnanovský, Jaromír ; Musil, Stanislav (advisor) ; Nováková, Eliška (referee)
This master's thesis deals with the optimization of conditions for photochemical generation of volatile species of cobalt. Volatile species of cobalt were generated in a flow injection system using a high-efficiency flow through UV generator from formic acid based medium. For detection a high-resolution continuum source atomic absorption spectrometer was used. The volatile species were atomized using a diffusion flame atomizer because of its high robustness. First the optimizations of the parameters affecting the atomization in the diffusion flame and the parameters affecting the transport of the volatile species from the UV generator into the atomizer were carried out (flow rates and composition of the gases, type of a separator, observation height). After that, the optimization of the parameters of the photochemical generation itself was carried out. These were the composition of a reaction medium (concentration of formic acid and formate, type of formate salt) and irradiation time. The possibility of generation of the volatile species from acetic acid based medium was also investigated, but no signal was observed. At chosen optimal conditions of generation the influence of potential interferents was examined, mainly from inorganic acids (HNO3 and HCl) and some transition metals (Fe, Cu and Ni)....
Optimization of photochemical vapor generation of molybdenum as a sample introduction for ICP-MS
Šoukal, Jakub ; Musil, Stanislav
Conditions of photochemical vapor generation of molybdenum with ICP-MS detection have been in detail investigated.

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9 MUSIL, Stanislav
2 Musil, Štěpán
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