National Repository of Grey Literature 34 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The origin and finality of humans: The compatibility of the Christian message in interpretation of Thomas Acquinas with the evolutionary psychology
Fuchsová, Aneta ; Novotný, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Mohelník, Tomáš (referee)
Man as homo moralis in Thomas Aquinas and according to it in evolutionary psychology In my thesis I want to compare two different views on human nature: The view of a Christian, enhanced by the theological ethics, and the view by a non-believer who deals with the origin and goal of the human life. These two points of view will be represented by the philosophy and theology of Thomas Aquinas on one hand and the evolutionary ethincs on the other hand. My goal is especially to point out the the difference between two views on the human being: typically religious one and typically secular one, and their opinion on the origin and purpose of it. I will try to answer the question on existence of such field, which is not explorable by tools of natural (evolutionary) ethics and which points to the "theological" dimension of human nature. On the other hand I will ask whether the traditional concepts of human nature can get by the exploration of the modern science and whether they can be enhanced by it. The outcome of my work should finally be above all practical: how to argue in behalf of the Christian point of view, dealing with the topics of bioethics or Human Rights as general. Keywords Human nature, finality, virtues, freedom, human dignity, Thomas Aquinas, evolutionary psychology, evolutionary ethics,...
The eucharist from Benedikt XVI. - Joseph Ratzinger's point of view
Nevělíková, Nela ; Mohelník, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bouma, David (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the concept of the Eucharist sacrament in selected writings of Joseph Ratzinger, which deal directly with the Eucharist, or in which the sacrament plays an important role. The aim of this work is to describe and evaluate how Ratzinger approaches the Eucharist, its essence, history and way of celebration. First, the use of biblical sources and citations of ancient, medieval and modern authors is analyzed in this work. In the next section, attention is paid to how Ratzinger uses the terms of the Eucharist, especially the following: sacrifice, communion, Lord's Supper. The last chapter deals with the form of the liturgical celebration of the Eucharist and the connection between its external and internal aspects, between form and content. Ratzinger views the Eucharist primarily as a sacrifice and accentuates its Christological-soteriological dimension. It is also very important for him to keep the triunity of events - the Last Supper, the Crucifixion and the Resurrection - which led to the establishment of the Eucharist and which only together make sense to this sacrament, in the understanding of the Eucharist.
The Sacrament of Confirmation - the theological understanding in the catechetical materials and regulations of the dioceses (in Slovak Republic and Czech Republic) and its comparison with the theological concept in the magisterial documents from the second Vatican council until now.
Matisovská, Zuzana ; Mohelník, Tomáš (advisor) ; Houkal, Jan (referee)
The thesis "The Sacrament of Confirmation - the theological understanding in the particular documents and regulations of the dioceses (in Slovak Republic and Czech Republic) and its comparison with the theological concept in the universal magisterial documents from the second Vatican council until now" deals with the sacrament of confirmation as the essential part of Christian initiation which constitutes the heart of sacramental organism and shapes being of every Christian. First two chapters analyze presence of the seven aspects of confirmation in universal and particular magisterial documents (history of salvation; sacramental sign; relationship to the rest of initiation, common priesthood and apostolate; effects; recipient and catechesis; minister; ecumenical perspective). Then in the third chapter, the two approaches are compared and critically considered.
St. John Paul II's theology of labor
Košut, Martin ; Novotný, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Mohelník, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of this thesis "Theology of Labour of St. John Paul II." is to summarize John Paul II.'s theological view of human labour, its impact on Christian spirituality and evangelization and pastoral efforts of the church. There is also attention paid to influence of his theology on further social magisterial texts. At the end, there is a reflection of impacts of this teaching to everyday economic and political life. The thesis is based on magisterial documents of John Paul II., especially on the encyclical Laborem exercens and his two further social encyclicals, Sollicitudo rei socialis and Centisimus annus. Other inspiring ideas come especially from reflections on St. Joseph and from the theology of body. There is a discussion on relation of human labour to the Mystery of The Holy Trinity, on perichoretical and sharing character of human labour. As a part of discussion on spirituality, there is the work state of life defined as analogy to Christian state of life. Human labour is a key to the social question, it is a tool for our salvation and therefore the mission of the church. Keywords St. John Paul II., Theology of Labour, Human Labour, Spirituality of Labour, Ethics of Labour, Wage Labour, Labour Capitalization, Labour Rights, Dignity of Human Labour, Sharing Economy
Representation of the Christ's sacrifice during the holy mass in magisterium's documents.
Lejsal, Martin ; Mohelník, Tomáš (advisor) ; Salvet, Ondřej (referee)
In my diploma's thesis "Representation of the Christ's sacrifice during the Holy Mass in the documents of the magisterium." to deal with the way how the church doctrine and faith in this mystery in their documents is submit. The first part is devoted to describe Son's realitonship to Father in Trinity and analysis of the key texts of the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments that the Church on this topic covered. The second part deals with some texts approved documents, the Council of Trent on the Eucharist and the Sacrifice. The third part contains the view of Pope Pius XII. on the Eucharist and its actualization, as reflected in documents Mystici corporis, Mediator Dei and Humani generis. The fourth part of my work explores ways of presenting the mystery of the Eucharistic Sacrifice in selected documents II. Vatican and during the pontificate of Pope Paul VI., John Paul II. and Benedict XVI.
The sacraments in the Documents of the Second Vatican Council
Holečková, Marie ; Mohelník, Tomáš (advisor) ; Houkal, Jan (referee)
The thesis "Sacraments in the documents of the second Vatican council" deals with selected articles of the individual constitutions, documents and decrees of the council, which concern sacraments in the theological context. The articles are selected from the constitution on the Sacred Liturgy Sacrosanctum concilium, constitution on the Church Lumen gentium, pastoral constitution Gaudium et spes, document about the Apostolate of the Laity Apostolicam actuositatem, decree on Ecumenism Unitatis redintegratio and the decree on the life and service of priests Presbyterorum ordinis. The thesis is based on the acts of council and it maps the progress of creating the articles. A brief summary of history of the formation of individual constitutions, documents and decrees is mentioned before the analysis of the articles. The chapters are divided by the documents. At the end of the thesis is a chapter containing important themes concerning the Sacraments that came up from the mapping of the article.
The sacrament of Penance in the Roman Catechism and in the Catechism of the Catholic Church
Pospíšil, Zdeněk ; Mohelník, Tomáš (advisor) ; Houkal, Jan (referee)
Bachelor thesis "The Sacrament of Penance in the Roman Catechism, and in the Catechism of the Catholic Church" analysis the historical context of the catechism's emergence (Chapter 2). For better clarity of the recherché part, the elaboration of catechism's contents was divided into three separate chapters. Joint analysis of both catechisms is viewed in terms of the circumstances of origin, content, and size, description, in whole or in part with a more general focus on the sacraments (Chapter 3). Own significance, the importance, the structure of the Sacrament of Reconciliation and its integration into everyday life and salvation of man is described in detail and separately for the Roman Catechism (Chapter 4) and the Catechism of the Catholic Church (Chapter 5). The differences, similarities and identical terms, single major portions of both catechisms and detailed information about the celebration of the Sacrament of Penance are separate mutually evaluated and judged in historical-critical contexts (Chapter 6). Finally the findings and assessed objectives are summarized and evaluated (Chapter 7). Importance of the work lies in the awareness of the importance of integrating the various parts of Christian doctrine and traditions within a historical context, but not only from a way of expressing...
The Theology of the Sacrament of Reconciliation in Časopis pro katolické duchovenstvo/Časopis katolického duchovenstva
Geiger, Milan ; Mohelník, Tomáš (advisor) ; Vopřada, David (referee)
Theology of the Sacrament of Reconciliation in Časopis pro katolické duvhovenstvo/Časopis katolického duchovenstva The theme of this thesis is a theological reflection of the sacrament of reconciliation, as it recorded in Časopis katolického duchovenstva [Journal of the Catholic Clergy] throughout the whole period of its publication in the years 1828-1949. In the first part a short history of the journal is presented. The second part examines, in the chronological order, individual articles and shows how selected authors deal with the studied issue, which aspects they stress and on what conception of the sacrament of reconciliation they build their argument. In the exposition of these articles their authors are also briefly introduced. Author of this thesis has chosen several fundamental perspectives for his analysis and for his structuring of his treatment of individual articles. These approaches to texts were: author's own basic stance, the establishment of the sacrament, its historical development, parts assigned to the penitent and to the priest, the effects of the sacrament of reconciliation and author's conception of this sacrament. The third part of the thesis brings the evaluation of the development of approaches to the topic throughout the history of publication of ČKD. It also compares...
František Žák SJ (1862-1934) and the theology of creation
Žák, František ; Novotný, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Mohelník, Tomáš (referee)
FRANTIŠEK ŽÁK SJ (1862-1934) AND THEOLOGY OF CREATION The thesis is focused on the personality of Czech Jesuit priest František Žák SJ (1862-1934) and his theology of creation. In the first chapter the life story of František Žák is presented - the description of key moments of his life offers a basis for an evaluation of his personality. Consecutively, his writings are summed up in different thematic groups according to author's interest. In the second chapter Žák's main work of systematic theology - Soustavná katolická věrouka pro lid - is portrayed. Themes of different parts of the book are outlined and special focus is put on its fifth chapter, which deals with God the Creator. This question will be examined in the third chapter of this thesis. The fifth chapter of the book will be thematically and formally analyzed - with special regard to the way how Žák uses the evidence from the Scripture and Church Fathers. Finally, author's main work will be examined in comparison with the writings of his contemporaries Josef Pospíšil, Richard Špaček and Jan Valerián Jirsík. Their and Žák's conception of God the Creator is compared. Keywords František Žák Biography Systematic theology Theology of Creation
The Concept of the Church in the work of Walter Kasper
Hovancová, Magdaléna ; Brož, Prokop (advisor) ; Mohelník, Tomáš (referee)
Diploma thesis " The Concept of the Church in the work of Walter Kasper " is about ecclesiology of German Cardinal Walter Kasper. The first part describes briefly his personality and his work in academic role and pastoral role as the diocesan episcopus and his work in the Roman Curia. This marked his understanding of the church. It follows a description of his journey from pneumatological ecclesiology to communio ecclesiology. The concept of communio is the key word in his understanding of the Church. The main part is devoted to Kasper understanding of communio, communio mystery and his vision of the Church as congregatio fidelium and communio sanctorum. Communio ecclesiology is the key concept after the Second Vatican Council and the fundamental expression of the Christian understanding of salvation. Kasper sees the church as an institution and a event. It follows a description of particular forms of church as communio. Kasper distinguishes in the Church different charisms and services, that serve the unity of the Church. The work is completed of Kasper vision of the Church in today's world and its importance for future generations. Keywords Walter Kasper, communio, ecclesiology, church

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