National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Forms of legal acts
Karim, Martin ; Elischer, David (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
99 Name of the rigorosum thesis, abstract and keywords Name of the rigorosum thesis: Forms of legal acts This rigorosum thesis deals with the forms of legal acts. Main subjects of the research were interpretative challenges, French Code Civil and German BGB. Methodological approaches used while writing this thesis were mostly the analytical, synthetical, normative and comparative. In the beginning, the author has analyzed legislature, case law and opinions of the legal doctrine. Then, the ascertained facts were scientifically described in a scientific description using a synthetic method. Finally, these were normatively commented on and the Czech legislature was compared foreign ones. The first chapter titled Legal acts and its forms is a general introduction into the subject matter and it presents traditional forms and new forms and elements. Attention is also paid to the fundamental question of changing the content of a legal act utilizing a form different from the original one. In the first part of the thesis, attention was paid to traditional forms of legal acts. The first part consists mainly of chapters 2. Oral legal acts, 3. Written legal acts and 4. Implied legal acts. In all these chapters, the development of legal regulations, application practice and the comparison of the current domestic...
Class Actions
Karim, Martin ; Sedláček, Miroslav (advisor) ; Smolík, Petr (referee)
Class Actions Abstract This thesis deals with class actions. These are currently (and rightly so) a much-discussed topic. On March 6, 2020, the government submitted a government bill on collective proceedings, which is controversial, primarily due to its inspiration in the American class action lawsuit. The main thorn in the side of the bill's critics is that the government proposal includes the opt-out proceedings, i.e. the type of proceedings that forces the class members to deregister. It is present in the current proposal along with the opt-in proceedings, which are guided by the opposite principle. This thesis examined, in particular, the appropriateness of adopting collective proceedings into the Czech legal order and the potential problems that the proposed arrangement may cause. Regulations on collective redress in the US (which has been an original idea source for the government bill) and the Netherlands (which shares some aspects with the current version of the bill after its January amendment) were also examined. From the methodological point of view, analytical, normative, comparative, and synthetic approaches were mainly used in this thesis. First, an analysis of legislation, literature and case law was performed. The current government bill on collective proceedings was extensively commented...

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