National Repository of Grey Literature 277 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Integration of disabled people in the Czech Republic and EU countries
Eitlerová, Anna ; Koldinská, Kristina (advisor) ; Štangová, Věra (referee) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Diploma thesis deals with a concurrent trend in approach to the integration of disabled people. It reflects the common evolution of the social progress in attitude to disabled people, it expands this topic with a question how the legislation of selected European countries (United Kingdom, Sweden and Germany) mirrors the social progress on narrowly specified field of legal regulation of education. Integration of disabled people like effort to fight against social exclusion is on the other hand very broad and multidimensional problematic on that account this thesis is focused on inclusive education which represents the modern course not only for European legislation but also for international community. The next reason for this is that absolving of educational process or education itself creates essential assumptions for integration into the society. The aim of diploma thesis is to analyse the situation in the field of integration of disabled people in Czech Republic de lege lata as well, to gather the information about legal regulations of inclusive education of different social politics and to suggest the options of Czech legislation in future.
Reconciling work and family life
Balvínová, Lucie ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
1 ABSTRACT The current European family is based on the ideal of gender equality and considers the interest of the child to be fundamental. The European Union strategy is to involve as many women as possible in the labour market and encourages national governments to adopt measures to enable women to reconcile their work and care for children. Developed countries also promote both parents being equally involved in the care of children, including preschool children. Czech legislation conforms to European standards and creates the preconditions for reconciling family and work life. In practice, the conservative attitude of both parents and employers persists. The mother usually stays at home with a child under the age of three and employers are not very accommodating to flexible forms of work that enable mothers of young children to get involved in the work process. The way to change the situation is to increase corporate social responsibility and family friendliness and to change the attitudes of parents themselves, increasing the involvement of fathers in care of children in particular. Solutions to the protection and support of pregnancy, maternity and parenthood, as well as the protection of the child in the Czech Republic can be considered as above-standard and comparable to the situation in the most...
Developmental trends in labor law in light of automation, digitization and robotization
Stolička, Jáchym ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Hůrka, Petr (referee)
Developmental trends in labor law in light of automation, digitization and robotization Abstract This master thesis deals with developmental trends in labor law in the light of automation, digitization and robotization. It analyzes the individual trends and gives the evidence that the dynamic pace of the Fourth Industrial Revolution has a significant impact on labor law sub-institutes and the overall labor-law paradigm. The work itself is divided into four parts. The first and second part set out the starting points and basic concepts and analyze the developmental trends that have influenced the world of work since the beginning of human history. There is an emphasis on the similarity of historical development trends with current trends. The third part of the thesis analyzes the current developmental trends in labor law by prism of the values established in the first part of the thesis. It focuses on the ability of the Czech Labor Code to regulate flexible forms of employment. At the same time, it emphasizes the factual changes in labor relations and the legal status of their participants in the digital era. It also analyzes in detail the trend of shared economy and its influence on the form of labor relations with reference to the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union. It also takes into...
Working hours, its lenght and distribution, with the focus on part-time
Randlová, Kateřina ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Working hours, its lenght and distribution, with the focus on part-time Abstract The thesis deals with the issue of working hours and its distribution with a special focus on part-time. The thesis also introduces the legislation of part-time in the foreign law system, particularly in the Netherlands. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the current legal regulation of working hours, its length and distribution, focusing on part-time. The thesis is divided into six chapters, which represent labor law in the system of law, historical development of working hours, sources of labor law, legal regulation of working hours and rest periods and distribution of working hours. The fifth chapter deals with labor law institutes in which part-time deviate from the set weekly working hours. The chapter defines persons that are entitled to apply for part-time or another suitable adjustment of their working hours, forms of these suitable adjustments and the interpretation of the concept of operational reasons by the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic. The thesis also describes the method of calculating and remunerating overtime work for part-time employees and the calculation of the leave of those part-time employees whose working hours are unequally spread over several working days per week. The chapter also describes...
Material welfare of families with children
Veselá, Zuzana ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Material welfare of families with children Abstract This thesis deals with material welfare of families with children from its history to the present. This subject matter is highly discussed topic nowadays. Thesis focuses on comprehensive presentation of this issue, points on some problems in practice and proposes recommended alternations "de lege ferenda". Solidarity was noticed in Neolitic age, in antient Greece and Rome already. In the Middle Ages we can mention mutuality. Security system as we know has been formed in the modern history since 1848. International law was reflected in internal legislation during the half of 20th century due to effort of raising social rights level. Social rights are embedded in either primary and secondary law in European law. Social security law unification is not required in European secondary law and method of convergence is applied. Thesis focuses on benefits provided in case of social events, pregnancy and maternity, parenthood, dependent child, insufficient income, sickness and death. Social insurance consists of sickness insurance, health and pension insurance. Benefits provided by sickness insurance are based on insurance principle, concerning sickness benefit, attendance allowance, maternity benefit, compensatory benefit in pregnancy and maternity, paternity...
The responsibility of an employee for domage
Hinterbuchner, Lukáš ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
Thesis title: The responsibility of an employee for damage The subject of the thesis is the responsibility of an employee for damage. The thesis offers in the first place a comprehensive summary of the current legislation of the topic. The main purpose of the thesis is to summarize the legislation of the labor- law and of the employee`s responsibility for any damage done to the employer where for this purpose there are analyzed particular sorts of the responsibility distinguished by the Labor Code. In details there are described first of all specific conditions that must be fulfilled to claim the responsibility on the employee for the damage, the possibility of the employee to disclaim it is not neglected either. The thesis focuses on the main differences that distinguish the particular sorts of the responsibility from each other. An attention is given to the links between labor law and other legal codes, especially the civil one where the connection is the closest whereas the understanding of this mutual relation is very essential to understand the stated topic. The thesis is not formulated as only theoretical however there is a practical view of the topic included which is mingled mostly by decision-making practice of courts which generates some answers to unclear explanation of the legislations,...
Contract of employment and formation of employment
Lněnička, Jakub ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
The contract of employment and formation of employment The aim of this thesis is to analyze effective legislation of contract of employment and formation of employment with the help of professional literature, specialized articles from labor law experts and judicial decisions, especially the judicial decisions of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic. The conclusion of thesis includes the proposals of the possible future legal regulation, which could bring more legal certainty regarding the institutes that are the subjects of this thesis. The thesis is divided into six chapters. The first chapter contains a description of the concept, status, function and subject matter of labor law. The second chapter deals with the history of the development of the contract of employment and formation of employment. The reason for including this chapter is the fact that on the basis of historical developments it is easier to understand today's legal regulations and therefore, avoid possible changes that have been proven as inappropriate in the past. Within the third chapter are analyzed the sources of legislation, both international and national, in which the Labor Code and the Civil Code have the main status, when the regulation in Civil Code has a subsidiary status to the regulation contained in the Labor...
Legal regulation of healthcare in the Czech Republic
Rajchlová, Denisa ; Vysokajová, Margerita (advisor) ; Štangová, Věra (referee)
5 Abstract Legal regulation of healthcare in the Czech Republic The subject matter of this thesis is legal analysis of provision of healthcare in the Czech Republic and outline of basic problems of provision of healthcare, including proposals for their possible solution and comparison with Supreme Court and Constitutional Court jurisprudence. The thesis deals not only with the specific legal regulations in which the provision of healthcare is regulated, but also with the interpretation of their content, as well as with the legal relations between the entities involved in the provision of healthcare. In addition, the thesis discusses the introduction of the electronization of healthcare, which has the potential to improve the healthcare system in the Czech Republic and make the provided healthcare better, cheaper and more accessible. The thesis is divided into five chapters, which are further subdivided into subchapters. The first chapter is about the basic sources of legal regulation of healthcare at international, European and national level. The second chapter deals with the methods of financing the provided healthcare with a particular emphasis on the public health insurance system in the Czech Republic. Subsequently, chapter three deals more closely with healthcare itself and with the interpretation of...
Termination of an Employment Relationship
Sztacho, Petr ; Štangová, Věra (advisor) ; Vysokajová, Margerita (referee)
1 Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the termination of an employment relationship. Its aim is to aptly depict and characterize individual ways of terminating an employment relationship with a focus on the termination of an employment relationship by labor-juridical acts, also to call attention to some application difficulties and to mention proposals de lege ferenda. Firstly, the thesis is focused on the different areas of labor law, its functions and also on the relation between labor law and civil law. The attention is further paid to the explication relating to the employment relationship as well as to labor-juridical acts and some consequences of their defects. The focus of the thesis lies in the analysis of individual ways of terminating an employment relationship. The employment relationship can be terminated either on the basis of labor-juridical acts, on the basis of a labor-juridical event, or on the basis of official decisions. Labor-juridical acts leading to the termination of an employment relationship are agreement on the termination of an employment relationship, the notice of termination, the immediate termination of an employment relationship and termination of en employment relationship during the probationary period. The labor-juridical events on the basis of which the employment...
Termination of an Employment Relationships on the basis of one-sided legal actions
Jindřich, Pavel ; Vysokajová, Margerita (advisor) ; Štangová, Věra (referee)
Termination of an Employment Relationships on the basis of one-sided legal actions Abstract This final thesis deals with the topic of termination of an Employment Relationships on the basis of one-sided legal actions. Its aim is to provide insight into the current legal regulation of labor law in the Czech Republic and to present a comprehensive overview of ways of termination of an Employment Relationships on the basis of one-sided legal actions using applicable legal regulations, legal literature and jurisprudence. This final thesis is based on the search of specialized literature and the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic, Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic and Czech Constitutional Court. My final thesis in its first part explains terminology Employment Relationships, Employment Contract, Agreement to complete a job and Agreement to perform work. The main part analyses of applicable legal regulation of labor law and current jurisprudence in the field of termination of Employment Relationships on the basis of one- sided legal actions by Employer and by Employee, whose validity requires written form. The main part is dedicated to the termination by notice, immediate cancellation and cancellation of an Employment Contract during a probation period by both - by Employer...

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