National Repository of Grey Literature 254 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Classes of Shares in Limited Liability Companies
Lála, Daniel ; Černá, Stanislava (advisor) ; Dědič, Jan (referee) ; Josková, Lucie (referee)
1 Název, abstrakt a klíčová slova v anglickém jazyce Classes of Shares in Limited Liability Companies Abstract The Business Corporations Act has brought a number of innovations to Czech company law and has also opened up questions that almost no-one raised while the previous legal regulation was effective. Although many institutes already existed under the Civil Code of 1964 and the Commercial Code, the practice did not use the possibilities provided by the old regulation. Indeed, even the legal doctrine did not address many issues. One of these institutes is the institute of classes of shares. The dissertation is devoted to the creation of different classes of shares. The main research methods used when drafting this dissertation were selective literature research and analytical method, including comparative analysis. The method of abstraction and synthesis of acquired pieces of knowledge was used for generalizing the conclusions of the research goal. As regards the interpretation methods, a grammatical, logical, systematic, historical, teleological and comparative interpretation was used. Especially German, but also Austrian and Swiss laws were taken into account in the comparison and Anglo-American law in the passage concerning preference shares. The main research goal of the thesis was to analyse the...
Collective investment scheme from the position of corporate governance
Borsík, Daniel ; Černá, Stanislava (advisor) ; Dědič, Jan (referee) ; Elek, Štefan (referee)
Collective investment scheme from the position of corporate governance Abstract The purpose of the dissertation thesis is to research the possibilities of application of corporate governance mechanisms in the area of collective investment scheme. In particular, the author surveys what corporate governance mechanisms are available for shareholders of ordinary corporations, what mechanisms are available for fund investors, what are the common overlaps of these mechanisms, and vice versa, where differences can be seen. These topics are analysed above all from the point of view of American law and European law. The thesis understands corporate governance mechanisms as the devices, institutions, and mechanisms by which shareholders assure themselves of not losing their investments. In principle, shareholders have three types of corporate governance mechanisms at their disposal, namely, regulatory, self-regulatory and market mechanisms. Regulatory mechanisms are instruments developed by legislator. Information duties, shareholder voting, board monitoring of management, fiduciary duties, remuneration schemes and debt instruments are analyzed in the area of regulatory mechanisms. Self-regulatory mechanisms are mechanisms created and enforced by market players. Corporate governance codes are particularly the most...
Contracting autonomy in construction of types of shares and its limits
Švejda, Jiří ; Černá, Stanislava (advisor) ; Josková, Lucie (referee)
The theme of this diploma thesis is " Contracting autonomy in construction of types of shares and its limits". Its aim was to analyse the domestic legal regulation and to clarify the limits in the construction of types of shares. To achieve this aim, the author tried to interpret the limits of the key provisions of the Business Corporation Act with the support of professional literature and comparisons with foreign legal systems, especially with the United Kingdom. The aim of the thesis was fulfilled. The key provisions were analysed, and the limits were set. The author of the thesis concluded that the current legislation would merit an amendment to achieve legal certainty and to eliminate the non-compliance of the practical and theoretical level. At the time of elaboration of this work, it was submitted an amendment to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic as a Parliamentary Press No. 207, which should solve most of the problems. The first chapter deals with the concept and definition of the share, in particular as a part of the share capital, as a set of shareholder rights and obligations of the shareholder and as a security. The second chapter reflects the historical genesis of the kinds of shares in the Czech Republic and deals with the different types of shares in the...
Insolvency of a dependant person and its group consequences
Smetana, Tomáš ; Černá, Stanislava (advisor) ; Zahradníčková, Marie (referee)
Insolvency of a dependant person and its group consequences Abstract The thesis deals with the consequences that the Czech Act on Business Corporations and the Insolvency Act provides for the case of bankruptcy of a dependant entity in relation to the remaining entities in the group. First, the general conceptual bases are discussed and the value of the principles of limited liability and individual legal personality in the context of the business group is explained. One chapter is devoted to international issues that arise in the context of bankruptcy within business groups, that is, both private international law and harmonization issues. The importance of harmonization is explained with reference to universalism, the leading way of thinking in solving cross-border bankruptcy, and in other parts of the thesis, Czech law is compared with the international standards of insolvency law of UNCITRAL and the World Bank. Furthermore, the ways in which the liability of a group member for the debts of an insolvent corporation can be inferred are analyzed. These include, in particular, the English law inspired wrongful trading regime contained in s. 68 of the Act on Business Corporations and the liability of the dominant entity for the debts of the dependant entity if the dominant entity causes the dependant entity...
Czech regulation of limited companies from the point of view of the 'law and economics' school
Šimek, Stanislav ; Pelikán, Robert (advisor) ; Černá, Stanislava (referee)
Czech regulation of limited companies from the point of view of the 'law and economics' school Abstract Law and economics has a potential to provide us with an uncommon and to the Czech jurisdiction often neglected point of view on laws. The aim of this paper is to apply economic theories on directors' liability for breach of fiduciary duties and to consider its consequences on the economic efficiency of companies. The critical question is whether not having such liability could provoke an increase of wealth of all stakeholders. The paper also aims to come up with instruments capable of minimizing the lost caused to companies by mandatory rules regarding director's liability. At the end of the thesis, the Czech laws regarding the director's liability for breach of fiduciary duties are analyzed in the point of view of economic analysis. The analysis is followed by proposition of instruments that could make companies operating in Czech legal environment more effective. Directors' liability, which can result in an aversion to make risky decisions, can cause significant losses to companies (so called agency costs). For that reason, the possibility to determine the scope of director's liability given to shareholders can have, in some cases, positive effect on the company's efficiency. The paper concludes that...
Duty of members of elected bodies and other persons to prevent threatened insolvency of business corporation and consequences of breach of the duty
Beneš, Tomáš ; Čech, Petr (advisor) ; Černá, Stanislava (referee)
Duty of members of elected bodies and other persons to prevent threatened insolvency of business corporation and consequences of breach of the duty Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the area of civil, commercial and insolvency law. It focuses in particular on the duty of directors of a business corporation and other persons to prevent threatened insolvency with emphasis on the legal regulation of the consequences of breach of such duty. This diploma thesis is divided into four main chapters, where the most important one is the second chapter. The chapters in the diploma thesis flow continuously and logically which facilitates the reader's orientation in the subject. The first chapter defines the basic terms related to the discussed topic which are subsequently used throughout the diploma thesis. Emphasis is placed on the duty of care, whose breach is a prerequisite for the application of the sanctions described in the second chapter. The second chapter deals with the consequences of the breach of the duty to prevent threatened insolvency. The consequences are analysed in detail and the issues over which the legal consensus is missing are set out in the analysis. Different views on these uncertain points in the legislation are set out, and the thesis takes a critical approach in this matter and...
New Czech corporate group law - the French Rozenblum concept, the German Konzernrecht or a third approach?
Bilecová, Zuzana ; Čech, Petr (advisor) ; Černá, Stanislava (referee)
Title of the thesis: New Czech corporate group law - the French Rozenblum concept, the German Konzernrecht or a third approach? This thesis aims to analyse the legal regulation of groups of companies in the Czech Republic after the recodification of private law, set against the backdrop of the French concept Rozenblum and the German model of regulation of groups of companies. The references and comparison with the Italian legal regulation as well as with model company statute European Model Company Act are also made in the corresponding parts of the thesis. The thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter describes the main characteristics of the two important regulatory models of groups of companies in Europe, namely the German and the French model, and forms a basis for the analysis in the following chapters. The chapter then proceeds to outline the legal framework governing groups of companies in Italy as well as the regulation proposed for groups of companies in European Model Company Act and to describe the development of reflections and approaches of the European Union towards the phenomenon of groups of companies. The second chapter deals with the description of group of companies. Firstly, there is an attempt to characterise a corporate group in general, followed by its legal...
Business Trust
Horejšová, Aneta ; Josková, Lucie (advisor) ; Černá, Stanislava (referee)
Business Trust This diploma thesis deals with the designation of the trust as a possible operator of a business enterprise, and so its use as an equivalent of a business corporation. The main goal is to compare these two entities in their differences and to find out whether the operation of the enterprise through the trust can be attractive for its settlor and what will be the advantages and disadvantages of this arrangement. The thesis is divided into seven chapters, including the introduction and the conclusion. After the introduction to the diploma thesis, the second chapter deals with a brief outline of what the trust is and the complexity of its legal regulation. It continues with a brief overview about the existence and functioning of the trust under the Czech Civil Code. The third chapter defines the trust as a business entity. It deals with the trust as an entrepreneur in business relations, and outlines settlor's possibility of anchoring business operations to the trust and conveying the necessary assets. The fourth chapter compares some interesting aspects of business corporations with their possible equivalents in the trust, thus outlining conformities and differences in their functioning. In particular, the differences between the contributions to the registered capital and the...
Contracting autonomy in construction of types of shares and its limits
Karabut, Petra ; Černá, Stanislava (advisor) ; Zahradníčková, Marie (referee)
This thesis deals with the currently effective legislation on types of shares, which is still relatively new in the Czech Republic as the recodification took place approximately four years ago. The main act that is a subject to the examination of this thesis is the Act no. 90/2012 Coll., on Commercial Companies and Cooperatives (The Business Corporation Act), which provides the main regulation of shares. The aim of this thesis is to find out limits that restrict the contracting autonomy, which was widely broadened with the recodification of the Czech private law, in the process of creating different types of shares. The thesis is divided into four main chapters. First chapter introduces the shares as a type of securities or book-entry securities along with the main characteristics of a share. It also defines an important term for this thesis - the type of share - and the basic types of shares recognized explicitly by the Business Corporation Act. The second chapter concerns with the construction of the types of shares and its limits. It describes the contracting autonomy - one of the main principles of the private law - and different limits of this liberty. These include basic principles of the private law, commercial law principles and company law principles, the provisions of the Civil Code and...
Company name
Křížková, Anna ; Patěk, Daniel (advisor) ; Černá, Stanislava (referee)
Company name Abstract This diploma thesis analyzes the current legal regulation of company law and evaluates the quality of this regulation in terms of sufficiency and unambiguity. The thesis is divided into four main chapters. The first chapter contains an analysis of basic theoretical questions of company law - it specifies the concept and legal nature of the company, its basic functions and the basic principles of company law in the creation and use of the company. The second chapter deals with the analysis of ownership of the company, taking into account the new legal nature of the company name as a thing in the legal sense. The use of the so-called old firm and the analysis of § 427 is then contained in chapter three. The last chapter describes the protection of a company name according to the current legal regulation, including the analysis of specific claims arising from this protection. At the end of the thesis the results from the analysis and assessment of the legal regulation of company law are summarized. The evaluation takes into account the changes introduced by the new legal regulation contained in the Civil Code as compared to the original regulation in the Commercial Code. As a positive, the following issues are assessed: the change in the legal nature of a company name where the company is...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 254 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
4 ČERNÁ, Stanislava
4 Černá, Simona
2 Černá, Steffi
1 Černá, Sylvie
1 Černá, Sylwia
2 Černá, Štěpánka
3 Černá, Šárka
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