Ústav anorganické chemie

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2018-01-11
18:42
The deposition of germanium nanoparticles on hydrogenated amorphous silicon.
Stuchlík, J. ; Volodin, V.A. ; Shklyaev, A.A. ; Stuchlikova, T.H. ; Ledinsky, M. ; Čermák, J. ; Kupčík, Jaroslav ; Fajgar, R. ; Mortet, V. ; More-Chevalier, J. ; Ashcheulov, P. ; Purkrt, A. ; Remeš, Z.
We reveal the mechanism of Ge nanoparticles (NPs) formation on the surface of the hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) deposited by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) on ITO and a on boron doped nanocrystalline diamond (BDD). The coating of Ge NPs on a-Si:H was performed by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) at temperatures up to 450 degrees C. The Ge NPs were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). The nanocrystalline Ge particles are conglomerates of nanocrystals of size 10-15 nm and quantum dots (QDs) with size below 2 nm embedded in amorphous Ge phase. After coating with Ge NPs the a-Si:H thin films show better adhesion on BDD substrates then on ITO substrates.

Úplný záznam
2018-01-11
18:42
Speciální betony
Černý, Zbyněk
Předmětem daného výzkumu byly speciální betony pro obalové soubory.\n

Úplný záznam
2018-01-11
18:42
Nové anorganické materiály stínící ionizující záření II
Černý, Zbyněk
Laboratorní a pilotní technologie nových anorganických nehořlavých a bezpečných materiálů s vysokými obsahy moderátorů neutronů pro stínění neutronového záření.\n

Úplný záznam
2018-01-11
18:41
Amperometric Solid-State NO2 Sensor with Ionic Liquid-Polymer Electrolyte
Nádherná, M. ; Opekar, F. ; Reiter, Jakub
A new ionic liquid-polymer electrolyte was successfully tested in the planar amperometric solid-state sensor sensitive towards nitrogen dioxide. The electrolyte consists of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BMIPF6) and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMEMA) in the ratio 57:43 mol. %. The analyte, gaseous nitrogen dioxide in air, was determined using the electrochemical reduction at900 mV vs. Pt/air on gold minigrid indicating electrode with Pt/air as a reference electrode. Dependency of sensor sensitivity on the indicating electrode area and relative humidity was determined. The sensor response is linear in the NO2 concentration range 0.3 1.1 ppm and is reproducible and long-term stable.

Úplný záznam
2017-03-17
18:38
Nové anorganické materiály stínící ionizující záření
Černý, Zbyněk
Laboratorní a pilotní technologie nových anorganických nehořlavých a bezpečných materiálů s vysokými obsahy absorbátorů a moderátorů neutronů pro stínění ionizujícího záření.

Úplný záznam
2017-03-17
18:38
New inorganic matrices for pultrusion technology II
Černý, Zbyněk
Development of inorganic matrix enabling rapid continuous preparation of thermally and chemically stable and fire resistant materials with controlled properties for nuclear industry.

Úplný záznam
2017-01-20
16:14
12th International Conference Solid State Chemistry 2016 : Book of Abstracts
Lančok, Adriana
This book contains the programme and the abstracts of the conference. The conference programme covers presentations from scientists and users of scientific information working in similar areas, to estabilish platforms for collaborative reseach project initiatives.

Úplný záznam
2016-11-16
13:47
Generation of NPS for Exposure Experiments from Copper Acetylacetone.
Moravec, P. ; Schwarz, J. ; Vodička, P. ; Kupčík, Jaroslav ; Švehla, J.
Particles containing copper are emitted from smelters, iron foundries, power stations, and municipal incinerators (WHO, 1998) and also from brake linings during breaking, Kukutschová et al. (2011). Nanoparticles (NPs) of copper are ingredients in polymers, inks, and bioactive coatings inhibiting the growth of microorganisms, Cioffi at al. (2005), and CuO NPs has been used in antimicrobial textiles, Gabbay and Borkow (2006), therefore they can be easily inhaled. Even though CuO NPs were found highly toxic, Karlsson et al. (2008), in vivo studies of their toxicity are still rather rare. In this work we tested a method of long lasting nanoparticle generation from copper acetylacetonate (CuAA) for use in follow up exposure experiments with laboratory animals. The exposure chamber for inhalation experiments was constructed in the Institute of Analytical Chemistry AS CR (Večeřa et al., 2011) and some methods of NPs generation for these experiments were already tested in our laboratory (Moravec et al., 2015, Moravec et al., 2016).

Úplný záznam
2016-10-23
13:05
Antimicrobial activity of cobalt bis(dicarbollide) aminoderivatives
Kvasničková, E. ; Masák, J. ; Šícha, Václav
We carried out experiments focused on the determination of the antimicrobial acitivity of selected representatives of cobalt bis{dicarbollide) aminoderivates. lt was proved, that studied yeast strain C. parapsilosis DBM 2165 is not sensitive to the cobalt bis{dicarbollide) or its aminoderivatives. Gram-negative bacteria P. aeruginosa B-59188 is weakly susceptive to cobalt bis(dicarbollide), but no significant inhibition of growth by cobalt bis(dicarbollide) aminoderivatives was observed. The highest effect on inhibition of microbial growth was confirmed in the case of gram-positive bacteria 5. aureus. This observation demonstrates the real possibility of using these substances in the treatment of infection caused by gram-positive bacterial strains.

Úplný záznam
2016-06-28
13:54
Sorption properties of graphen oxide and styrene composites for SR-85 and CS-137
Brynych, V. ; Kolářová, M. ; Pospěchová, J. ; Tolasz, Jakub ; Štengl, Václav
In the presented work, new composite nanomaterials, based on graphene oxide and styrene, have been developed for the retention purpose. Sr-85 and Cs-137 represent two of the main fission products being present in radioactive wastes from nuclear power cycle. The graphene oxide samples were prepared from natural graphite using high intensity cavitation field in a pressurized (6 bar) batch-ultrasonic reactor. Graphene oxide polystyrene composite was synthesized using direct emulsion polymerization of styrene in the presence of graphene oxide at 90 degrees C. The basic method used for the evaluation of nanomaterial retention properties was batch sorption methodology, based on a contact of solid material with a tracer solution under defined boundary conditions (solid/solution ratio, time, solution composition as pH and ionic strength).

Úplný záznam