National Repository of Grey Literature 188 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Photocatalytic activity of printed hybrid layers of titanium dioxide
Sýkorová, Kateřina ; Krystyník, Pavel (referee) ; Veselý, Michal (advisor)
The main aim of this thesis was to optimalise composition of the titanium dioxide with a silica binder deposited on a PET foil. Emphasis was put on achieving maximum possible adhesion and hardness of the layer and the effect on photocatalytic activity. For the evaluation of photocatalytic activity comparative experiments with prepared layers were performed. Benzoic acid, dimethyl sulfoxide and azo dye Acid Orange 7 were used as model pollutants. Photocatalytic activity was investigated using UV-VIS spectrophotometry, formal rate constants and degree of conversion were also determined. The study results can be used for removing water pollutants from the water solution.
Application of correlative AFM/SEM microscopy
Hegrová, Veronika ; Fejfar, Antonín (referee) ; Konečný, Martin (advisor)
This thesis is dealing with application of Correlative Probe and Electron Microscopy. All measurements were carried out by atomic force microscope LiteScope which is designed especially to be combined with electron microscopes. Advantages of Correlative AFM/SEM Microscopy are demonstrated on selected samples from field of nanotechnology and material science. Application of the correlative imaging was proposed and then realized particularly in case of low-dimensional structures and thin films. Further, this thesis deals with the possibility of combining Correlative AFM/SEM Microscopy with other integrated techniques of an electron microscope such as Focused Ion Beam and Energy Dispersive X-rays Spectroscopy.
Metallization of technical plastics for lightweight traffic components with reduced fuel consumption
Sanetrníková, Dominika ; Boušek, Jaroslav (referee) ; Šimůnková, Helena (advisor)
The beginning of this thesis is dedicated to polymeric materials, which include plastics an composites. Plastics are shortly divided into two groups, thermoplastics and thermosets. The following part is the use of plastics and composites in traffic industry and briefly this work focuses on techniques of recycling of this materials. This work also focuses on the techniques of thin film deposition, electroless plating, electrodeposition as well and plating in the vacuum environment. special techniques of thin film deposition are also mentioned shortly. The coatings of polymer including cleaning and surface activation is introduced using various techniques including plasma treatment. The surface treatment of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is included too. The final part describes performed experiments and discussion of results.
Plasmachemical deposition and characterization of hexamethyldiloxane thin layers
Blahová, Lucie ; doc. Mgr. Vít Kudrle. Ph.D. (referee) ; Krčma, František (advisor)
Thin films have been used to modify surface properties of various materials for many years. Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) is one of the possible methods for their preparation and this technique is applied in this work as well. An organosilicone – hexamethyldisiloxane – is used as precursor. Thin films are created on the surface of the substrate using mixture of precursor and oxygen in radiofrequently excited capacitively coupled plasma. The aim of the thesis is to find the optimal deposition conditions for production of transparent thin layers with good barrier capabilities, low oxygen transmission rate especially. Thin film depositions were realized for different compositions of the deposition mixture in continuous and pulsed mode of plasma with varying supplied power and duty cycle values. The deposition process itself was monitored in situ by optical emission spectroscopy. Thin film coatings were analyzed to determine their physical chemical properties (infrared spectroscopy, surface energy) and barrier properties. Using optical emission spectroscopy, important particles were identified in the deposition plasma. Vibrational, rotational and electron temperatures were determined from relative intensities of chosen fragments. Composition of thin films was studied by infrared spectroscopy. The best results of oxygen transmission rate were achieved with layers prepared from deposition mixture with high oxygen content. It was possible to improve barrier properties by performing deposition in pulsed plasma mode with 20–30% duty cycle. In this diploma thesis, optimal deposition conditions of thin films from hexamethyldisiloxane with low oxygen transmission rate were determined. It is possible to use these results in practical applications, such as corrosion inhibitors for archaeological objects. Optionally, they can be used in various industry branches where it is desirable and feasible to prevent oxygen access to the material by deposition of barrier coatings.
Preparation of photocatalytically active layers of titanium dioxide
Šeffer, Lukáš ; Jančovičová, Viera (referee) ; Veselý, Michal (advisor)
This bachelor work gives an overview about preparation of titanium dioxide and silicon dioxide thin films by sol-gel process, using coating methods as spin coating, dip coating, capillary and cell coating, flow coating, spray coating, pyrosol process, chemical vapour deposition and printing. The procedures of composite films preparation obtained by mixed sols of titanium dioxide and silica dioxide are also discussed together with preparation of double layer films, when titanium dioxide is coated on glass substrate covered by a silica dioxide layer. The methods of photocatalytic activity testing are the important part of this work.
QUANTUM MECHANICAL STUDY OF PHASE STABILITY IN METALLIC SYSTEMS
Káňa, Tomáš ; Vřešťál, Jan (referee) ; Paidar,, Václav (referee) ; Černý, Miroslav (referee) ; Šob, Mojmír (advisor)
This work presents a theoretical study of stability of phases in selected metallic systems. We propose a model of structural transformations in transition metal disilicides MoSi2, CrSi2, VSi2 and TiSi2 and in Pd thin films grown on cubic substrates W(001) and Nb(001). The obtained results yield the total energy proles for the structural transformations studied, the activation energies needed for each individual transformation and an estimate of the temperature at which the structure can transform. The total energies are calculated by full-potential linearized augmented plane waves (FLAPW) method incorporated in the WIEN2k code. Both generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and local density approximation (LDA) are employed for the exchange-correlation term. It turns out that temperatures corresponding to the activation energies of structural transformations in transition metal disilicides exceed their melting temperatures. Comparing the resulting total energy proles to those obtained by the semiempirical Bond Order interatomic potentials (BOP) substantially helps to adjust the fitting parameters of the BOPs. The estimated temperature of 168 K needed to transform the hcp structure of an innite Pd crystal into the dhcp structure explains the behavior of the Pd thin lm on W(001) and Nb(001) substrates. Pd lms deposited on W(001) substrate and thicker than about 100 monolayers undergo this transformation already at room temperature. Thinner lms need to be annealed at 400 K rst, due to their stronger interaction with the substrate. The difference between the computed result and a real temperature at which the hcp Pd lm transforms its structure to the dhcp can be explained by both the interaction between the lm and the substrate and by the inuence of the domain topology of the lm. Analyzing different models of transformation of the initial hcp Pd structure to the ground state fcc structure, we identied the optimum model that respects the domain topology of the Pd lm.
Design and set up of a laboratory sample of a laser deflectometer for measurement of mechanical stress within thin films
Šustek, Štěpán ; Klapetek,, Petr (referee) ; Ohlídal, Miloslav (advisor)
This diploma thesis describes the design of a device for measuring stress in thin films – laser deflectometer, realization of its design and its experimental testing. The thesis is divided into five chapters. The first chapter deals with the stress in thin films and its influence on substrate – thin film system. The second chapter provides an overview of devices widely used for measuring stress in thin films and describes some their advantages and disadvantages. In the third chapter some design possibilities of the device are presented. The final solution of device called deflectometr is introduced in the fourth chapter. The last chapter includes the functional testing the device.
Thin films prepared in RF glow discharge and their physico-chemical properties
Bránecký, Martin ; Boušek, Jaroslav (referee) ; Čech, Vladimír (advisor)
Theoretical part of this master thesis was focused on literature recherché dealing with the formation of thin films, plasma, plasma analyses using mass spectrometry and plasma polymerization. Further, this section describes the analysis of thin films using optical methods such as spectroscopic ellipsometry and FT-IR spectrometry. Experimental part describes the materials which are used for the preparation of thin films as well as a description of the equipment for preparation of thin films using a technology of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PE-CVD). Control of deposition conditions and monitoring of plasma with its products result in high reproducibility of thin films. The last part of the thesis describes the results of measurement of the first group of samples and their ellipsometric, mass spectrometry and FT-IR evaluation with respect to the deposition conditions.
Study of plasma species by mass spectroscopy
Bureš, Michal ; Čáslavský, Josef (referee) ; Čech, Vladimír (advisor)
Plasma polymer films of tetravinylsilane and mixture of tetravinylsilane and oxygen gas were deposited on silicon wafers. Oxygen gas was mixed in tetravinylsilane to improve the compatibility of thin films on glass substrates. Mass spectroscopy was employed during the cleaning of the deposition chamber to check residual gases and process gases, during plasma deposition to monitor neutral plasma species and to follow plasma stability.
Morphology study of ultra thin layers by XPS analysis of multiple peaks of a single element
Pokorný, David ; Šik, Ondřej (referee) ; Polčák, Josef (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with methodology of thin film thickness determination using X-ray radiation of silver anode which provides radiation with energy of 2984,3 eV. This energy is twice as high as the standard aluminium radiation which allows a measurement of new photoelectron lines with higher bonding energy and it also provides thanks to the higher photoelectron energy greater information depth. In order to get the right results it was necessary to calibrate the spectrometer Kratos Axis Supra in the silver anode mode first and found out the form of the transmission function. The determination of the thickness of the thin layer was demonstrated by the comparation of the ratio of different photoelectron lines intensities with the theoretical model. For that purpose was specifically used the Si 1s and Si 2p peak bound in the substrate in the Si-Si bonding or in the thin oxid layer in the Si-O bonding. The results show that for thin SiO2/Si film thickness determination is the best to use the intensity ratio of only one photoelectron line. A silver anode however provides greater information depth.

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