National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Immunological aspects of head and neck cancer in relation to etiology
Koucký, Vladimír ; Bouček, Jan (advisor) ; Říhová, Blanka (referee) ; Smilek, Pavel (referee)
Tumor immunology is a progressively developing, multidisciplinary branch of biology. Results of basic research have already been successfully translated to clinical practice. The immediate success of new immunotherapeutic drugs, especially immune checkpoint inhibitors, has further supported the expansion of basic and clinical research in this field. In the case of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), some immune system elements, such as CD8+ T cells, were shown to play an important role in the progression of the disease. Importantly, HNSCC is a diverse group of diseases, and a significant number of the tumors are induced by high-risk strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV-associated tumors (HPV+ ) respond better to standard therapy, and the immune system was shown to be one of the crucial factors in this phenomenon. We focused on the analysis of phenotype, function, and prognostic value in tumor-infiltrating immune cells in HNSCC patients regarding the HPV status of the tumor. We were able to detect CD8+ tumor-infiltrating T cells reacting to HPV16 antigens in the majority of HPV+ oropharyngeal cancers. Moreover, activity of these T cells was enhanced after blockade of both PD-1 and TIM-3 immune-checkpoint pathways, supporting a concept of combined immunotherapy. In our...
Immune response of different subpopulations of dendritic cells to probiotic strain of E. coli O83:K24:H31
Gorelová, Miroslava ; Hrdý, Jiří (advisor) ; Černý, Jan (referee)
Allergy as one of the most frequent pathologies worldwide belongs to illnesses with constantly increasing incidence even amongst young children. It develops in genetically predisposed individuals whose dendritic cells (DC) are, after contact with allergen, able to polarize the immune response predominantly to Th2, while Th1 response is supressed. One of the possible preventive measures to avoid an allergic disease developement could be an early postnatal supplementation of chosen probiotic bacterial strains or their mixtures. One of them is a well characterized strain Escherichia coli O83:K24:H31 (E. coli O83). Administering of this probiotic vaccine called Colifant Newborn is showing to be an effective prophylaxis to decrese the incidence of allergies in children with predisposition to their developement. The aim of my diploma thesis was to experimentally confirm the capacity of E. coli O83 to support maturation of two main subpopulations of newborn DC available from cord blood: myeloid dentritic cells - mDC and plasmacytoid dentritic cells - pDC. This DC subpopulations were isolated from cord blood of children born to healthy (non-allergic) mothers who had a low risk of allergy development or from children of allergic mothers who had an increased risk of allergy development. Subsequently, after...
Immune response of different subpopulations of dendritic cells to probiotic strain of E. coli O83:K24:H31
Gorelová, Miroslava ; Hrdý, Jiří (advisor) ; Grobárová, Valéria (referee)
Allergy, as one of the worldwide most frequent pathologies, belongs to illnesses with constantly growing incidence among young children. In genetically predisposed individuals, dendritic cells are able to polarize the immune response of Th2 in contact with the allergen. Postnatal probiotic supplementation could be one the preventive measure to prevent the development of allergic diseases. It has been shown that introduction of selected probiotic strains or mixtures can prevent development of allergy. In this diploma thesis, the capacity of probiotic strain Escherichia coli O83:K24:H31 (E. coli O83) to support maturation of dendritic cells (DC) and polarization of immune responses was tested. Introduction of this probiotic vaccine called Colinfant Newborn appears to be suitable preventive measure, lowering allergy incidence in children with predisposition to development of allergy. The aim of this diploma thesis was to observe capacity of E. coli O83 to support maturation of the two main subpopulations of dendritic cells (myeloid dendritic cells - mDC and plasmacytoid dendritic cells - pDC) in cord blood of newborns of healthy mothers (children with relatively low risk for allergy development) and allergic mothers (children with relatively high risk for allergy development). To achieve this goal,...
Immune response of different subpopulations of dendritic cells to probiotic strain of E. coli O83:K24:H31
Gorelová, Miroslava ; Hrdý, Jiří (advisor) ; Grobárová, Valéria (referee)
Allergy, as one of the worldwide most frequent pathologies, belongs to illnesses with constantly growing incidence among young children. Identification of prognostic markers pointing to increased risk of allergy development, allows introduction of early preventive measures. Probiotic supplementation could be one the preventive measure. It has been shown that introduction of selected probiotic strains or mixtures can prevent development of allergy. In this diploma thesis, the capacity of probiotic strain Escherichia coli O83:K24:H31 (E. coli O83) to support maturation of dendritic cells and polarization of immune responses was tested. Introduction of this probiotic vaccine called Colinfant Newborn appears to be suitable preventive measure, lowering allergy incidence in children with predisposition to development of allergy. The capacity of E. coli O83 to support maturation of the two main subpopulations of dendritic cells (myeloid dendritic cells - mDC and plasmacytoid dendritic cells - pDC) in cord blood of newborns of healthy mothers (children with relatively low risk for allergy development) and allergic mothers (children with relatively high risk for allergy development) was measured by flow cytometry. The presence of cytokines and transcription factors characteristic for particular...

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