National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Využití kombinovaného hnojiva ve výživě řepky ozimé
Dundálek, Ladislav
The diploma thesis aimed to evaluate the effect of regeneratively applied combined fertilizer in the nutrition of oilseed rape. The experiment was established at two localities (Žabčice and Vatín) in the form of a small-plot field experiment carried out in the economic years 2020/2021 and 2021/2022. The following treatments were included in the experiment: unfertilized, control, FertiTOP 44 NPS, and FertiTOP 44 NPS in lower dose. The total dose of nitrogen applied in treatment FertiTOP NPS 44 (lower dose) was 130 kg/ha. Control treatment and FertiTop NPS 44 in full dose were based on the total dose of 168 kg/ha of N. In addition to nitrogen, sulfur was also applied as part of regenerative fertilization in control treatment. The following parameters were examined: yield, oil content, oil production, and economic evaluation. A statistically significant difference between the examined treatments was found for the yield and oil production parameters. Overall, the FertiTOP 44 NPS (full dose) treatment was evaluated as the most optimal option with the highest average yield of 3.81 t/ha recorded in the Vatín location. At the Žabčice location, this variant provided an average yield of 3.20 t/ha. This variant was evaluated for the second highest oil content in the Vatín locality (45.3%), but in the Žabčice locality, this variant provided lower oil content (40.7%). In terms of oil production, the FertiTOP 44 NPS (full dose) treatment showed the highest oil production at both locations. The application of FertiTOP 44 NPS resulted in the average oil production 1.72 t/ha in Vatín and 1.31 t/ha in Žabčice. The economic evaluation showed that application of FertiTOP 44 NPS resulted in increase of profit by 21.21% compared to the control treatment in the economic year 2020/2021. Similar result was observed in second year (2021/2022), but the increase in profit compared to the control variant was only 4.11%.
Využití humátů v kombinaci s bórem ve výživě řepky ozimé
Rzymanek, Jakub
The aim of the thesis was to assess the effect of foliar application of boron (B) together with humate on yield and oil content of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). For this purpose, a one-year field trial was evaluated. In this trial two different fertilizers containing boron were used. These fertilizers were applied both without and in combination with humate. In each treatment, a total of 300 g of B/ha (in the form of borethanolamine) and humate in a dose of 2 l/ha were applied. In one variant, humate without boron was used, in a total dose of 2 l/ha. The average of two unfertilized control treatments was used for comparison. A significant effect of boron used with humate on the yield of winter rape was reached (highest gain by 7.93%) in comparison to the control. A positive effect on seed yield was also reached by application of boron without humate in B2 treatment (+ 6.83%), which was significant compared to the control and compared to the B1 treatment too. Significant yield effect (+ 2.55%) in comparison to the control was reached also by application of humate without boron. A very small effect of boron fertilization on oil content was found. The highest oil content was reached by the separate use of humate (+ 1.19%). The treatments were also evaluated in terms of economic efficiency. Based on the results of yield obtained and economic efficiency of treatments, the B1 + NF treatment was chosen as the best one.
Environmental assessment of the Czech Republic based on Water Footprint
Žlábková, Jana ; Hák, Tomáš (advisor) ; Vačkář, David (referee)
This dissertation sets its goal in application of the water footprint indicator, which is a practical and multi-layered indicator of water sources consumption. Of human activities, agriculture presents the most significant demands on water sources consumption. Therefore I have turned my focus to the widely-discussed issue of biofuels production, because the input materials for production of this kind of energy are agricultural crops (in the Czech republic those are: oilseed rape, sugar beet, Indian corn and winter wheat). The calculated results of water footprints of the selected industrial crops (m3 /t) and of water footprints of the heating value units of that crops (m3 /GJ) offer us a concrete notion of energy requirements of water of that chosen industrial crops in the conditions of the Czech republic. Keywords: water footprint indicator, biofuels, oilseed rape, water consumption, biodiesel, bioethanol, evapotranspiration.
Vliv ošetření osiva superabsorbčním polymerem na vzcházení, růst a výnos plodiny
Lokaj, Lukáš
The thesis deals with the use of a superabsorbent polymer, specifically seed coated with this polymer and the evaluation of emergence, growth and yield of the crop. One part of the experiment was carried out in the laboratory, namely plant germination, while the second part was carried out under field conditions on the land of the School Farm at the site of Žabčice in the years 2020–2022. The effects of SAP seed treatment on germina-tion, emergence and crop yield were monitored. Four experimental treatments were evalu-ated for wheat, barley, maize and rape, namely seed untreated, seed treated with SAP, seed picled and seed picled and treated with SAP. SAP treated seed germinated faster for all crops. For wheat variety Luana and maize variety Celong, SAP increased yield by al-most 0.5 t/ha, and for rape by 0.7 t/ha. Barley and maize variety Alombo were negatively affected by SAP.
Stanovení genetické distance výchozích šlechtitelských materiálů řepky ozimé
Papanová, Michaela
Bachelor thesis is compiled from both the literature review and the practical part. The first one contains a treatise on oilseed rape and its main use. Attention is also paid to methods and history of breeding of this crop. An integral part is also an introduction to the concept of genetic distance and the importance of gene banks. The second part contains information about the research focused on determination of genetic distance in selected samples of oilseed rape by ISSR method. The results of the analysis were used to identify possible duplicates in the crop collection as well as to determine the genetic erosion of the samples. Similarly, the results can be used in the breeding itself, especially when selecting the parental components.
Effect of selected fertilizer a bioactive preparation on winter oilseed rape production
PAUL, Radim
The goal of this thesis was to establish and evaluate a pilot experiment. The effect of 5 variants with the application of biostimulants on yield-producing elements, yield and oiliness of winter rape seeds was evaluated. No biostimulant was applied in the control variant. In variant 1, 0.5 l of ExelGrow was applied in BBCH phase 34. In variant 2, 5 l of Talisman was applied in BBCH phase 39. In variant 3, 2 l and 3 l of Talisman were applied in BBCH stages 39 and 51. In variant 4, 2 l of Talisman was applied in BBCH phase 39, 3 l of Talisman was applied in BBCH phase 51 and 0.5 l of ExelGrow was applied in BBCH phase 51. The experiment was carried out in the 2020/2021 marketing year on a family farm near the village of Dobkov near city of Chotěboř. The content of nutrients in the dry matter of above-ground biomass was only minimally affected by the individual variants. The actual seed yield was positively affected, with variant 4 (4.14 t*ha-1) achieving the highest yield. The oil content of the seeds was not statistically significantly affected by the variants. Variant 2 reached the highest oil content (42.40 %). Of the monitored yield-generating elements, the weight of a thousand seeds was negatively affected by individual variants, the highest was in the control (5 g). On the contrary, the number of pods on the plant was positively affected with a statistically significant difference (150 pcs) in variant 4. The number of seeds in the pod was not affected by the individual variants (18 - 19 pcs).
Changes of rapeseed (\kur{Brassica napus} L.) cultivar composition during breeding of this crop
The work maps the development of oilseed rape (\kur{Brassica napus} L.) breeding in terms of changes in the varietal composition. Changes in the variety composition mainly concern the setting of breeding work to reduce the content of undesirable fatty acids (erucic acid) and antinutritive substances (glucosinolates) in rapeseed. There are also hybrid varieties that have prevailed over linear varieties in recent years due to higher yield potential. Furthermore, the work presents the benefits of breeding work by transgenic varieties that have increased resistance to pathogens, pests and varieties tolerant to herbicides. The work is also focused on yield parameters such as seed yield and oil content. Due to the worldwide importance of this crop, the history of cultivation is mentioned both in the Czech Republic and abroad.
Vývoj a rozmístění pěstování a produkce řepky olejky ve světě
The bachelor thesis deals with oilseed rape - distribution of its production according to the countries of the world, NUTS EU regions and also distribution of its sowing areas in districts of the Czech Republic. It also deals with the development of oilseed rape production in the countries of the world (between 1961 and 2017), in the NUTS EU (2000-2017) and in the districts of the Czech Republic (1990-2019). The data sources are Faostat, Eurostat and Agrocenzus. The data are processed in the form of tables, development charts and especially cartographic products - cartodiagrams, cartograms of development and maps of localized points. Oilseed rape production in the world continues to grow. Canada is the largest producer, follows China and India, but the largest Production comes from the EU (mainly France, Germany and Poland), where it is concentrated in the central part of the European temperate zone. In the Czech Republic, oilseed rape is grown almost throughout the territory, except for mountain border areas, extensive agglomerations and other non-agricultural spaces.
Optimisation of rapeseed in vitro cultures used for CRISPR/Cas9 technology
Plant transformation using Agrobacterium tumefaciens bacteria (Rhizobium radiobacter, according to new nomenclature) is widely used method for plant genome editing. However, different oilseed rape varieties do not always have the same in vitro regeneration capacity, which is crucial for transformation. This work aims to optimize regeneration protocol for selected varieties of oilseed rape. Of the six varieties tested, only two regenerated successfully - Arabella and Obelix. The created protocol can be used for regeneration without transformation, but it is also possible to implement specific steps in it that enable transformation using A. tumefaciens.
Effect of different soil preparation on yield parameters of winter oilseed rape
This thesis deals with the issue of growing oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) with using various technology of tillage. It is divided into two main parts. The first part includes literary overview witch deals with basic information about oilseed rape ant than with overview about technology of tillage. The main part of thesis is evaluation result of two years small-plot experiment from 2017/2018 and 2018/2019. This experiment was founded on the lands of Agricultural Farm VETO s. r. o. in the village Veselíčko near the city Písek. To the experiment was integrate four varieties. It was Mazari CS, Atora, PT234 and PX113. Each variety was sown in three kinf od variants of tillage. Variant with shallow tilage, variant with plowing and variant with deep tillage. All sown variant were repeated in four times. In the experiment was monitored influence of tillage to rapeseed yield, and also some yield elements like weight of thousand seeds, percentage of oil, number of fplants per square meter and number of pods per plant and root neck thickness. Higher yields were achived in 2018 when the average yield of all lands was 5,63 t/ha which in 2019 dropped to 3,80 t/ha. Influence of tillage on seed yield was worse in 2019 because this year had less precipitation. In this year was the best option with deep tillage. In conclusion, we can say deep tillage has positive effect, especially in drier years.

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