National Repository of Grey Literature 314 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
A View on Reflection in Nursing and Social Work Education
Čajko Eibicht, Monika ; Lorenz, Walter (advisor) ; Brnula, Peter (referee) ; Vacková, Jitka (referee)
In times of dynamic social changes and uncertainty, reflective practice becomes crucial for social work and nursing. This dissertation examines the epistemological foundations and the multidimensional nature of reflection within professional education from various theoretical perspectives tested through original empirical findings, which aim to prevent the reduction of reflection to a mere technique and instead promote dialogue, interdisciplinary cooperation, and participatory methods. Drawing on phenomenological and critical constructivist approaches deepens the understanding of educators' individual and collective experiences and reflective practices. The structure of the thesis corresponds to three empirical phases. The first phase investigates the characteristics of reflection and its developmental potential using SRIS and PHLMS questionnaires. The second phase, encompassing reflexive thematic analysis of interviews, addresses educators' views on reflection and their methods of promoting reflectivity among students. In the third phase, the work employs Q methodology to process and analyze various perspectives on reflection among educators. This method, still underutilized in the Czech context, allows for a deeper examination of the subjective aspects of educational practice. The participation...
Subjective perception of workload and fatigue of nurses
Dandová, Kateřina ; Jirkovský, Daniel (advisor) ; Dorková, Zlatica (referee)
The bachelor's thesis entitled Subjective perception of workload and fatigue of nurses deals with the issue and perception of the degree of workload, stress and fatigue of nurses. The aim of the thesis is to determine the subjective perceptions of workload of selected groups of nurses and then to evaluate the results of the research and suggest recommendations for practice. The theoretical part of the thesis contains a basic overview of the individual knowledge on the subject, describes the types of workload and fatigue and points out its consequences and prevention. The empirical part contains the results of our own research using a standardized Meister questionnaire. Furthermore, the results of the own investigation were compared with the results of other similar research on a similar topic. The method of the survey was a self-constructed survey, which was supplemented with the Meister questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to nurses employed at Motol Hospital in intensive care beds. The sample consisted of 94 respondents. Results: Considering the perceived burden, it was found that 44 % of the respondents felt that they did not have sufficient knowledge of relaxation techniques and activities to reduce the burden. Conclusion: Based on the results of the survey, I consider it more than...
Obligations of patients and possible sanctions for their violation
Moldanová, Miriam ; Dvořáková, Vladimíra (advisor) ; Jirkovský, Daniel (referee)
The bachelor's thesis is focused on the area of patient obligations and possible sanctions for their violation. The theoretical part defines the specific rights of patients, which directly result from defined obligations, in case of non-fulfilment of which the medical facility can apply specified sanctions on behalf of authorized persons. The theoretical definition of the issue is followed by a research investigation. The empirical part is devoted to quantitative research, which was carried out on the basis of an own research investigation. The research examines the knowledge of Motol FN nurses in the area of patient obligations and the application of possible sanctions for their violation. The results of the survey are then compared with the results of another survey. The method of the research investigation is a self-constructed questionnaire. For subsequent data processing, 102 questionnaires are selected from the total number of 125 questionnaires received, which contain completely answered questions and a matching control question. The results of correct answers vary significantly from question to question. 96 % of the nurses answered correctly to the question whether it is possible to collect an unpaid amount from the patient for a medical procedure provided that is not covered by public...
The effect of diabetes type I on activities of daily living in children
Jagiellová, Eliška ; Nikodemová, Hana (advisor) ; Tomová, Šárka (referee)
The Bachelor's thesis on the topic "Influence of type I diabetes mellitus on activities of daily life" is focused on the daily activities of children with type I diabetes mellitus, or diabetes. This disease is typical for childhood and its incidence is currently increasing. The aim of the work is to find out whether diabetes affects the activities of daily life in children and to investigate more closely in which areas and to what extent. The work is divided into a theoretical and an empirical part. The theoretical part focuses on current knowledge about the disease, the history of the disease, its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Furthermore, activities of daily life, familiarization with the concept of self- sufficiency, self-care and children's needs. For research in the empirical part, was used a self- constructed questionnaire, which contained twenty-five items and was answered by sixty- seven respondents from the Pediatric Clinic at the Motol University Hospital, aged nine to eighteen. This section presents the working hypotheses, methodology and organization of the investigation. The conclusion of the work is the results of the work, which are depicted in graphic and tabular overviews and the discussion. Keywords diabetes mellitus, diabetes, daily activity, daily activities,...
Ethical issues in multicultural nursing in the context of child Ukrainian war refugees
Kučerová, Jana ; Červenková, Denisa (advisor) ; Bouma, David (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the approach of children's nurses to Ukrainian war refugee children requiring intensive oncological care. In nursing care, transcultural-multicultural nursing models are used as an ethical principle. In particular, the models of M. Leiningerová, J.N. Gigerová, and R. Davidhizarová created in the 1950s focus on holistic cultural care, health, and disease manifestations of individuals or groups and respect the common features of cultural values, beliefs, and practices. Keywords Ukrainians, migration, war, nursing, nursing model, transcultural-multicultural nursing, communication, human rights, child patient, the charter of children's rights in hospital, human dignity
Patients' rights from the perspective of patients
ZRNOVÁ, Ivana
The bachelor thesis is dedicated to patients' rights including nursing. Patients have several rights that relate to their health care and privacy. These rights include the right to information about their health and treatment and freedom to choose their doctor and health care facility, the right to privacy and protection of personal data, the right to respect one's religious and cultural practices, the right to basic hygiene and privacy during hospitalisation, the right to fair and equal treatment without discrimination, and many others. These rights are protected by health care laws and regulations, and patients can request to have them respected if they are violated. It is important that patients are informed about their rights and that they are allowed to actively use them so that they can receive quality health care and respect for their rights. The aim of this thesis is to find out the awareness of patients about their rights and to find out the compliance of selected rights from the patient's perspective. The aim has been achieved through quantitative research which includes a questionnaire of my own design. The research was conducted in regional hospitals among patients who were fully oriented. The results of the research will be used by the management of health service delivery for optimization of health care and for health professionals and for the students of nursing.
Specific nursing care for a frail senior
FRISCHOVÁ, Karolína
The aim of the bachelor thesis entitled "Specific nursing care for a frail senior" was to map the specifics of nursing care for a fragile senior and to find out the use of evaluation tests in practice, or to find the most adequate tool for the evaluation of seniors. In the theoretical part of the bachelor thesis, I focused on the definition of the concept of old age and aging and the problems associated with it, as well as on a detailed description of geriatric frailty from a theoretical point of view and, last but not least, on the assessment scales for a comprehensive assessment of seniors. The chapter is also devoted to proper nutrition in old age, which should not be forgotten in health care and personal life and is often key in the prevention and treatment of diseases. Part of the bachelor thesis is also devoted to risk areas that threaten seniors with geriatric frailty. The last subchapter of the theoretical part is devoted to the importance of motivation in the process of returning the senior's self-sufficiency and not giving up the goal and hope when being bedridden. The practical part of the bachelor thesis was filled with quantitative research investigation, using evaluation tests: SPPB to assess the physical fitness of seniors (see Appendix 1), questionnaire SARC-F (see Annex 2) to determine the degree of sarcopenia and Criteria for the evaluation of fragility according to Friedová (see Appendix 3). Part of the research was carried out in the Home for the Elderly in Bechyně, the other part consisted of members of my family and neighbors over 70 years of age. Testing was anonymous and completely voluntary. The research was processed by means of tables and graphs and statistical processing of hypotheses was done by Chi-square test and correlation method. The aim was early identification of frail patient in health care settings and finding a suitable measurement tool for clinical practice.
Hand disinfection from the point of view of nurses
VRZÁKOVÁ, Karolína
Hygienic hand disinfection is one of the basic measures to prevent healthcare associated infections. The principles of hygienic hand disinfection are laid down by the World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic. By following the procedures of hygienic hand disinfection, the health of not only the patients but also the healthcare personnel is protected. The issue of hygienic hand disinfection is often mentioned, but compliance can be a problematic aspect. The theoretical part of the thesis deals with the issue of hygienic hand disinfection and related areas. This is the area of indications for hygienic hand disinfection and the procedure, which in practice may hide deficiencies. The thesis also mentions disinfectants and the topic of jewellery and nail treatment, which is also crucial in terms of the quality of the hygienic hand disinfection performed. The use of alcoholic disinfectants can cause skin manifestations and it is necessary to take care of the skin of the hands. Hygienic hand disinfection is a global topic and has been the subject of many studies. This thesis is enriched by a number of them. Health care-associated infections are closely related to hygienic hand disinfection. The theoretical part of the thesis also focuses on this. In the research part of the thesis, the data obtained by observation and subsequent interview technique are processed. The objectives of the thesis are to find out the problem areas of implementation of hygienic hand disinfection among general nurses, to find out the reasons for non-adherence to hygienic hand disinfection among general nurses and to find out the recommendations of general nurses for adherence to hygienic hand disinfection. The study population consisted of general nurses of a standard ward of a selected regional hospital.
The role of the nurse in preventive care in the context of history
ŠAFRÁNKOVÁ, Tereza
The Diploma Thesis has a theoretical character and is prepared as a historical-analytical study. The aim of the thesis was to describe the development of preventive care and the development of the role of the nurse in preventive care in the Czech Republic based on the interpretation of texts available literature and resources through the method of textual hermeneutics. To achieve this goal, it was necessary to set four research questions: How did preventive care in the Czech Republic evolve? Which factors influenced the development of preventive care in the Czech Republic? How has the role of the nurse in preventive care in the Czech Republic evolved? How have the competencies of the nurse in preventive care in the Czech Republic changed? Through these research questions, have been achieved the following results. Preventive care in the Czech Republic has began to develop from the very beginning of civilization and has passed throught many changes over the history, in conformity with the development of scientific and technological knowledge, the development of society, the philosophy of life, and also in conformity with the development of medicine and nursing. However, some elements of preventive care that we may encountered in ancient times are still in place today, and current preventive care is based on them. The key factors influencing the development of preventive care and the role of the nurse in preventive care were: the emergence of the first civilizations and the gradual settlement of areas; the beginning of the spread of the first diseases and epidemics; the influence of religion and the church; socio-economic conditions at the time; wars; political situations and legislation of the time; the discovery of smallpox vaccination; prominent figures - F. Nightingale, N. I. Pirogov, H. Dunant, E. Jenner, whose actions contributed to the development of preventive care; and World Health Organization. The role of the nurse in preventive care has evolved along with nursing as well as medicine, which passed throught many changes over the history. In the area of preventive care, the role of the nurse changed here based on their education, increasing competences, as well as the need for preventive care at any given time. Nurses competences in preventive care passed throught a considerable transformation over the history. We can notice the same competences in the hisotry and present. We can say that the current competencies of a nurse in preventive care are based on the competencies which she had previously, but they are already modified to society's current needs. The reventive care has become an inseparable part of the nursing profession.

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