National Repository of Grey Literature 293 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Harmonization of family and work life of Czech nurses
Ledvinková, Karolína ; Jirkovský, Daniel (advisor) ; Dorková, Zlatica (referee)
This project deals wih a very imporant issue of the Czech nurses' work and family life and its harmonization. In the theoretical part I try to deal with the role of a nurse as a profession, shiftwork and its difficulties, and last but not least the role of a woman in a family. The main attention is focused on a conflict between a professional and family life and how to harmonize these two aspects. Described are also previous surveys concerning work and family. Aims: The aim of my project was to find out whether and to what extend nurses manage to harmonize their work and family life in shiftwork. I also try to discuss the traditional division of the roles in family. Methods: For my research I used my own questionnaire supplemented with questions from previous surveys. The questionnaire was distributed among nurses in Pardubice hospital a.s. inpatient department of surgical and internal medicine clinic. To process the results Microsoft Excel and Statistica CZ 12 programme were used. Results: Most respondents assume that it is hard to combine work and family life. Only 53,85 % of questioned nurses believe that they manage their work and family life with no problems. The rest of respondents think that they manage their work and family life at the expense of their family or they manage half and half....
Insertion of a peripheral venous cannula and intravenous injection application - evidence-based practise
Múdrá, Michaela ; Mádlová, Ivana (advisor) ; Tomová, Šárka (referee)
Peripheral venous cannulas are an indispensable part of clinical practice and their insertion is one of the most common nursing interventions. Review Articles show that peripheral vein cannulation is a risky procedure and carries a number of complications. The most common complications in the literature are phlebitis, paravasation, infiltration, and the nurse has an irreplaceable role in the prevention and early detection of these complications. The aim of the bachelor thesis is to present expert knowledge from Czech and foreign literature regarding Evidence-Based Practice in the insertion and care of peripheral venous cannulas. The empirical part uses a questionnaire survey to investigate the knowledge of Registered Nurse and students respondent regarding the introduction, treatment and prevention of complications. The data collected compares the responses in terms of educational attainment and completion of a professional course or training related to peripheral venous catheter insertion. 86 respondents participated in the questionnaire survey at the Motol University Hospital. The questionnaire investigated, for example, the most common complications, the use of protective personal equipment, the duration of cover change and peripheral venous cannula retention, and the prevention of embolism...
Position of a Nurse in a Multidisciplinary Team that is Taking Care of Retired People
Introduction: Each nurse will be part of a multidisciplinary team. The differences will be only in the patients who will take care of them, and the goals and implementation plans of multidisciplinary teams will be proportional to that. However, the essence and intention remain the same. Satisfy the needs of the patient and perceive his needs as needs from a holistic being. To do this, more experts from individual fields in a multidisciplinary team are required, who fully cooperate to achieve this goal. Objective: A total of two objectives were set for the bachelor's thesis. The first goal was to evaluate how nurses perceive their position in a multidisciplinary team that cares for the elderly. The second goal was to find out how nurses perceive the benefits of a multidisciplinary team as such. Methodology: A quantitative method was used for the research survey. A questionnaire collection, where the target groups were nurses working in a multidisciplinary team caring for the elderly. The questionnaire contained 22 closed questions, including one table. Results: The results show that the nurses perceive the contribution of the multidisciplinary team positively as such. Nurses have been shown to feel as complete members of multidisciplinary teams and to work with other members to meet the needs of their patients. Nurses working in functioning multidisciplinary teams also have a better overview of the individual needs of their patients and, with information from the multidisciplinary team, are able to provide better nursing care. Nurses also consider the sharing of information within the multidisciplinary team to be positive. Conclusion: We conclude that a well-functioning multidisciplinary team of nurses is an integral part of proper and quality patient care. The results of this work could be beneficial in the field of education, practice.
The History of nursing from the point of view of nurses
NOVOTNÁ, Kristina
The aim of the bachelor work "The history of the nursing from the point of view of nurses" to find out the view of current nursing representatives on the history of nursing. For the accomplishment of the aim, there were established two research questions: 1. "What transformation has nursing gone through from the point of view of nurses? "2. "What contribution do nurses perceive in the context of historical development for contemporary nursing? " The work is devided in theoretical and empirical part. In the theoretical part we shall deal with the history of the nursing care and it´s development in the particular periods of time and recent nursing care. In the empirical part we shall focus on the impact of the czech and foreign personalities in the nursing care. For the processing of the empirical part was chosen the qualitative research together with the method of semistructured interview. The research set is created from nine personalities of the nursing care. Seven personalities operate in the Czech Republic, two act abroad. On the base of the performed interviews were created six categories. From the results is evident, that the nursing care in the historical context underwent great changes and was influenced by many milestones, which formed the image of the recent nursing care. The nursing profession bears a great mission and certain prestige, which is quite often ignored by the laic society. The additional problem of this profession are the continually increasing demands and this requires further education of the nurses, which is also recently more discussed in the society. The nursing profession is an entity, which creates many partial components. Progress or stagnation in the nursing profession depends on the system of education. This bachelor work is dedicated to non-professional, but as well to the professional society. It can serve to students of the health profession to acquire pieces of knowledge in the history of the nursing care. The outcome of this bachelor work will be a base for an expert article dedicated to the health personnel and students of health disciplines.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Intensive Care from the Perspective of Nurses
This diploma thesis deals with the work of nurses taking care of patients in intensive care during hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The theoretical part of this thesis summarizes current knowledge in the field of hyperbaric medicine. The practical part of the thesis applies to the particular experiences of nurses, which accompany the patients during therapy. The thesis studies how the nurses are trained, how they prepare the patient, and how they perceive the work in hyperbaric conditions. The nurses work in two different workplaces, which are compared.
Attitudes of nurses in clinical workplaces towards nursing students
BOBKOVÁ, Veronika
The attitudes of nurses in clinical workplaces towards nursing students is important for quality teaching in students' practice, so in this work we will deal with this topic. Satisfaction on both sides, both on the part of nurses and on the part of the students in their practice in the clinical environment, is important. For this reason, we try to find out the most common problems in research and find solutions for them or specify the ideas of nurses and students. Main aim of thesis is to find out which attitude to the students of nursing care have nurses at clinical workplaces and to describe factors that influence the stand of nurses to those students at clinical workplaces while performing nursing care training. Five hypotheses have been set up. Quantitave survey has been used as the methodology of the thesis. Non-standardized questionnaires for nurses and students have been used. The questionnaires have been compiled based on studied resources, experience and knowledge resulting from clinical work experience. Questionnaire research of nurses was taking place 14. 1. 2022 to 11. 3. 2022. Students questionnaire research was taking place also from 14. 1. 2022 to 24. 3. 2022 from the reason of delay of returnability of questionnaires. The results suggest that the attitude of nurses in clinical workplaces towards nursing students is not different depending on the length of the nurses' practice, nor on the highest level of education attained. The attitude of nurses at clinical workplaces towards nursing students differs according to the workplace where the student's internship takes place. Factors that influence the attitude of nurses at clinical workplaces towards nursing students do not differ according to the clinical workplace, but differ according to the year in which the student is studying.
Research of nursing in the context of historical development
The Diploma Thesis "Research of nursing in the context of historical development" has a theoretical character. Its aim is to analyze the historical development of nursing research as an essential part of the nursing profession. The work is adapted as a historical - analytical study of available sources and documents with subsequent interpretation of texts through the method of textual hermeneutics. To achieve this goal, it was necessary to set two research questions: What period events influenced nursing research in the historical context? What development has nursing research seen from a historical perspective? The work is divided into five chapters entitled From Prehistory to the Modern Age, Florence Nightingale Period, Interwar and War Periods in the Context of Nursing Research, Postwar Periods and Nursing Research, Nursing Research Today. Among crucial events that influenced the development of research in nursing there are Human evolution (script), the influence of religion, wars, Theresian and Josephine reforms and the emancipation movement as well as the formation of education institution (universities), organizations and development of publications. At least but not last there are other important influences such as established political and economic reforms, Bolton's law, the Kellog program, the Advisory Committee's report, the possibility of travel (internships), the adoption of the Bologna Process and technical progress (internet, PC). The research went hand in hand with education, which also affects the level of nursing care. When speaking of the second research question, it can be stated that the first research can be traced back to prehistoric times, through sources of human knowledge, nursing care needs, nursing education, work needs and requirements, nurses' health and safety, motivation, nurses' roles or community nursing. In the period of time, research activity has led to the establishment of research centers and training faculties, research educational programs, research plans (prevention, digitalization, chronically ill), international cooperation and the achievement of their own terminology, classification and methodology. For the time being is nursing research defined by ethical and legal principles, based on EBN and financed from public resources.
Cultural competences of home care nurses
The diploma thesis themed as the "Cultural Competences of Nurses in Home Care Agencies" is aimed at mapping a level of cultural competences of nurses in home care agencies. On basis of the objective stipulated in advance, two research questions were formed: What is the extent of cultural competences of nurses and what the nurses' particular cultural challenges exist in such home care agencies? Qualitative research methodology was applied in the empirical part of the diploma thesis. Data collection was performed using a semi-structured interview which was created in collaboration with a group of researchers participating in the Project Research Grant No. GAJU 046/2021/S. The research file consisted of eleven (11) nurses working in home care agencies. The interview acquired were processed by means of coding resulting in five (5) categories and 16 sub-categories generated. It is apparent from the research results that nurses in home care provide patients with a highly individualized care which fully meets conditions set up by the cultural competence care. Simultaneously, certain weaknesses were detected standing ahead of nurses as a form of challenges. For instance, it is a language barrier and an interpreter being engaged in the patients' care in home care, quality improvement of lifelong education and training for nurses in home care and an inclusion of the critical reflexion in the nurses' jobs. It was also disclosed that nurses are challenged by the technical handling of their work in home environment of their patients. In terms of the results, it is evident that medical facilities are facing with the challenge of how to increase the efficiency of information transfer within individual subjects of the care provision, and thus to improve possibilities of nurses' preparation for their clients' visits. The diploma thesis can be exploited to intensify the quality and efficiency in the care for clients originated from diverse cultures, and moreover as the grounds for further research activities and progress and development in nursing.
Mission, calling, service and their place in nursing
This diploma thesis is concerned with defining the terms of mission, calling, service, and searching for connections between them and nursing. In the theoretical part, we try to search for these terms and determine their meanings through historical and current literature. The empirical part of the thesis is based on qualitative research. Semi structured interviews were conducted with six medical high school students of the practical nurse program, with five university students of the general nurse program, with general nurses that were divided into two groups: those who had finished the medical school before 2004, and those who were studying the medical high school as medical assistants. The last groups for interviews were members of the Sisters of Mercy congregation of St. Borromeo. The main aim of the thesis is to find out how terms of mission, calling, and service are imagined by nurses, how these terms manifest themselves in today's nursing, and how actual they are in nursing today. Answers to these research questions arise from experience of general nurses, as well as students, and reflect their views on the research terms of mission, calling, and service. Empirical inquiry reveals that general nurses and students have a good idea of what terms of mission, calling, and service are. Among descriptions of these terms, the answers of the Sisters of Mercy of St. Borromeo are the most differentiated. General nurses divert from the profession as defined by Florence Nightingale, and they still attribute nurses the same virtues as she was imagining. Today, in nursing, the researched terms mission, calling, and service appear at least in the meaning we elaborate on here and have an archaic impression. Instead of these terms, words such as empathy or compassion are being used in today's nursing, and these words are attributed to a flawless general nurse by students and general nurses. General nurses and students agree that the researched terms perish in today's nursing, yet they still perceive that a general nurse should consider her profession as a mission, and all but three informants consider their current or future profession as a mission.
Experience of nurses taking care of patients with a tracheostomy tube
This bachelor´s thesis is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part of the thesis focuses on tracheal anatomy, types of tracheostomy cannulas with a description of individual parts and puts a big emphasis on the latest knowledge in nursing care. The purpose of the theoretical part was to describe the experience of a nurse taking care of patients in a standard and intensive care unit. A research was realized through semi-structure interview with nurses who work on follow - up intensive care, departement of Anesthesiology and Resuscitation, departement of Otorhinolaryngology. An informants were selected by the Snowball Sampling method and through a social group on Facebook. The theoretical saturation was achieved with a number of 10 informants. The obtained data showed that the metal type of cannula is a domain of a standard unit. On the other hand, plastic cannulas are used in the intensive care unit. It was further found out that the selected standard departement uses an open suctioning and other units use a closed suctioning. From the empirical part we know that the nurses taking care of peristomal skin are using different materials and substances and not everyone is doing the tracheostomy cannula sterilization. The nurses match in inhalation and humidification in the care of respiratory system, however the way of deliver differs. The method of preparation of aids and patient´s position during the tracheostomy cannula exchange differs, same as the process of decannulation. In the question of where the nurses gained the experience in taking care of patients with tracheostomy tube, we got almost an uniform answer, which was the practise in the departement. This bachelor´s thesis provides information about complex care of patient with tracheostomy tube and it compares the care on the standard and intensive departement. An output of the thesis is a brochure with a title "How to take care of a tracheostomy cannula?"

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