National Repository of Grey Literature 78 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Importance of enzymatic solutions (Enzymel) in postoperative treatment of upper respiratory tract wounds
Šimurdová, Marcela ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
Bakalářská práce Význam Enzymelu v pooperačním ošetřování ran v horních cestách dýchacích 1 Abstract Healing surgical wounds in upper respiratory tract is often difficult and painful due to constant presence of food (contamination), movements during talking and continuous presence of aggressive saliva. Most of the surgery clinics use natural solutions especially chamomile to accelerate healing and to remove patient's postoperative problems. Gel Enzymel parodont, which contains proteolytic enzymes and its application limits bacteria production and accelerates healing of the surgical wounds, hasn't been used in a clinical treatment in surgical ORL yet and its effects on healing haven't been studied. The theoretical part of this study is focused on a brief introduction of selected surgical procedures in upper respiratory tract and the corresponding nursing process including a summary of possible complications in the postoperative period. The empirical part of the thesis contains a summary of the results of non-standardized questionnaire survey, which was conducted on selected patients of the ORL (ENT) Clinic of Motol University Hospital. Using a surrogate survey of a selected group of patients (80 in total), data were obtained to compare the effectiveness of the investigated agents, especially in the area of...
The influence of epilepsy on the activities of daily life for children
Konečná, Eliška ; Nikodemová, Hana (advisor) ; Tomová, Šárka (referee)
The bachelor's thesis on the topic "Influence of epilepsy on the activities of children's daily life" is focused on the daily activities of children with epilepsy. Epilepsy as a disease is a relatively common diagnosis, which to some extent affects the lives not only of patients but also of their immediate surroundings. The aim of this bachelor thesis was to find out and map how children in the younger school age range to adolescents with epilepsy are limited in everyday activities. In the theoretical part of the work, attention is paid to existing knowledge about the problem of the disease, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Furthermore, the quality of life, where this concept is defined and the definition of the concept of daily activity. To obtain data, a questionnaire of our own creation was created, focusing on daily activities. The questionnaire contains a total of 26 items, to which the respondents answered individual questions, which were then analyzed and evaluated. The empirical part contains goals, working hypotheses, methodology and organization of the survey, characteristics and description of the examined sample. There is a presentation of the results of a questionnaire survey, which was attended by 44 respondents, the survey itself took place with the prior agreement of the legal...
Awareness of mothers about the care of premature baby
Budková, Eliška ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
The bachelor's thesis "Mothers' awareness of premature newborn's care" is focused on evaluating the effectiveness of informing new mothers by medical staff. The essay consists of a theoretical and a practical part. In the theoretical part I first describe the classification of newborns, the differences between a term and preterm newborn. Afterwards the focus is shifted to the description of individual procedures in the care for the preterm infant which includes the delivery room, the ward, physical therapy, hygienic care and nutrition. Information about sudden infant death syndrome is also included In the empirical part, an analysis of a questionnaire survey of 90 respondents from maternity wards was conducted. I was mainly interested in maternal awareness of preterm infants' care. Research shows that mothers are well informed about care. Nurses need to teach mothers more about the risk of developing SIDS.
Activation of a child patient in hospital care
Olejárová, Denisa ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Javůrková, Alena (referee)
The bachelor's thesis on the topic "Activation of a child patient in hospital care" is focused on finding out the activities performed in the Motol University Hospital, we focused on employees who perform the activities and what tools they use, as well as staff satisfaction with the possibilities of activities. The work is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part is focused on the characteristics of childhood, discusses the role of the nurse in the pediatric ward, the pediatric patient and communication with the pediatric patient. At the end of the theoretical part, various possibilities of activities and the role of volunteers in the departments are described. The empirical part consists of a survey questionnaire survey, which was focused on nurses working in the Motol University Hospital in the wards in the children's section.
Quality of patients life with heart failure in the working age
Škaroupková, Petra ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Bratová, Andrea (referee)
Heart failure (HF) constitutes a serious health and social problem. The number of patients with HF continues to increase and it concerns not only the elderly, but increasingly also young people in the working age. In the Czech Republic, the incidence of HF is reported in the range of 0.4 to even 4 % of the whole population. Every year, there are 0.4 % new patients diagnosed with the disease. In order to effectively meet the bio-psycho-social needs of HF patients, we should know the impact of the disease on these needs. To determine the negative effect of HF on patients' lives we used the standardized Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire. The aim of this thesis was to identify the relationship between certain areas of patient quality of life and the degree of heart failure, and then to transfer our findings into the nursing practice. Obtained results showed that the degree of HF according to NYHA (the New York Heart Association functional classification) affects all aspects of the life's quality. The analysis of obtained data revealed that there is no difference in perception of the negative effects of HF between men and women. Moreover, we demonstrated that even the age does not have any significant impact on the perception of negative sensations caused by heart failure. The average...
The importance of the nutritional score in patients with the introduced PICC or Midline catheter
Pavelková, Kateřina ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Bratová, Andrea (referee)
The bachelor's thesis: "The Significance of Nutrition Score in the patients with the insertion of PICC and Midline Catheter," evaluates the impact of the nutrition status on the presence of complication in the selected venous devices - various types of Midline catheter and PICC. The presentation is divided into theoretical and empirical parts. In the theoretical part some basic information related to nutritional status and its assessment, malnutrition, nutrition screening, PICC and Midline catheter - indications and contraindications, introduction, complications and management is presented. The role of PICC team in the field of vascular access is mentionned. Data for the empirical part was collected at Medical department of the 2nd Faculty of Medicine of Charles University and Faculty hospital Motol in Prague, Czech Republic. The empirical part contains research methodology, the basic characteristics, the organisation of the investigation and data processing. A total of 206 patients participated in the follow-up, ranging in age from 26 to 98 years, mean age 72 ± 13.2 years and median 74 years. A quantitative exploratory method of a questionnaire survey was chosen for the bachelor's thesis. The above mentionned method monitors all variables that are sorted and measurable. Data related to the...
Communication's needs from the viewpoint of patients / clients with visual impairment.
König, Zachary Alexander ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Nikodemová, Hana (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with communication needs from the perspective of patients/clients with visual impairment. Communication is a skill we use in all areas of life. This communication is very important in the relationship between medical staff and patients because it helps us to discover certain information that is essential for us and thus also ensures a correct treatment procedure or good nursing care. The aim of this thesis was to find out which communication aspects are crucial from the point of view of patients/clients with visual impairment, how they perceive communication between them and healthcare professionals and what are the positive and negative aspects in this communication. The respondents who participated in this study were divided into three groups, according to the organization or care home these respondents came from. The total number of respondents was 27, their median age was 67. The selection of these respondents was not intentional, the patients/clients who participated in this survey, were interested in this topic. A semi-structured interview was used to obtain data, the respondents answered individual questions that were then analysed and evaluated. The interview method was the most suitable for this survey, not only for gaining the trust of patients/clients and their...
The role of the nurse in screening risks of long term opioid use in chronic nonmalignant pain patients
Nováková, Daniela ; Raudenská, Jaroslava (advisor) ; Tomová, Šárka (referee)
Backgroud: The subject of this thesis is screening risks of aberrant behavior and addiction in patients with chronic non-malignant pain who are on long-term opioid therapy. Objectives: The aim is to introduce the Czech Adaptation of the Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain-Revised (SOAPP-R) and the Opioid Risk Tool (ORT) and to validate the two questionnaires. To identify the difference between patients in high and low risk of aberrant behavior with respect to socio-demographic, clinical and affective variables regarding SOAPP-R and ORT. To evaluate the clinical utility of the visual analog scale Emotional Thermometers at predicting high and low risk of aberrant behavior regarding SOAPP-R and ORT. Methods: This multicenter study was conducted through an anonymous survey using standardized self-reporting questionnaires, SOAPP-R and ORT. The research sample consisted of 305 patients, recruited from pain clinics, suffering chronic non-malignant pain. Patients had been in treatment for at least three monthes on stable doses of opioid analgesics. Results: As a result of the data analysis, the SOAPP-R identified 40.66 % of patients from the sample as high risk and the ORT 18.36 %. Cut off scores of the Emotional Thermometers that have been identified using the reciever operating...
Aggressive behavior of patients from a nurse perspective
Petříková, Zuzana ; Bratová, Andrea (advisor) ; Tomová, Šárka (referee)
Bachelor thesis " Aggressive patients' behavior from the nurse's point of view" deals with the problems of rising incidence of aggression and violence towards nurses in health care facilities. The thesis is divided into two parts, theoretical and empirical. Theoretical part includes an introduction to the given problem and getting familiar with several basic concepts., which are important for understanding of this phenomena. The theoretical part is bringing a brief overview of already published studies with the same topic in the Czech Republic, in Europe and across the world. Empirical part informs about own research outcomes, which was conducted with the participation of 178 respondents, who work as nurses in two large health care facilities in Prague. We used a questionnaire method based on VAPS scale (Violence and Aggression of Patients Scale), which determines the frequency of nurses contact with different types of patients' aggression during the last year. Statistical processing was done by using Mann- Whitney U-test. Over the preceding 12 months, 95.5% of respondents had experienced verbal aggression and 80.3% physical violence, which are similar numbers as in other studies using VAPS scale, but more than is reported in the literature. Empirical part also contents evaluation of own results...
Quality of life of dialysis patients
Vosátková, Eliška ; Tomová, Šárka (advisor) ; Jirkovský, Daniel (referee)
The aim of the bachelor thesis is to analyze the quality of life of dialysed patients and determine to what extent it has affected and reduced the illness of their lives and daytime activities. The thesis is divided into two parts. The theoretical part focuses on the history of hemodialysis, the description of the types of vascular inputs, the necessary dietary measures, the construction of the hemodialysis appliance, and the concept of quality of life and quality of life in dialysis patients. The empirical part includes a quantitative research, using a standardized KDQOL-SF ™ questionnaire supplemented by questions of its own design. The survey was conducted by 84 respondents in the dialing centers of Fresenius Medical Care in Prague 5 - Motol, Prague 10 - Vinohrady and Prague 9 - Vysocany. Conclusion. It was found that the quality of life in the standardized questionnaire domains is worse in the generic SF-36 than in the special section of KDQOL. Furthermore, it was found a statistically significant relationship between age and pain in dialysis patients. It has also been found that there is no statistically significant relationship between sex and social functioning of dialysis patients. It has been confirmed that there is a statistically significant relationship between age and patient...

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