National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Ubiquitin-proteasome system in studies of its inhibition and its utilization in the cell-based assay measuring viral protease activity
Fürst, Eliška ; Majerová, Taťána (advisor) ; Čermák, Lukáš (referee)
and keywords Abstract and keywords The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is a tightly and specifically regulated system of protein degradation in eukaryotic cells. Inhibition of an UPS component might represent a strategy to control human diseases, including cancer. Modulation of the UPS can also be employed in basic research strategies. This thesis deals with two independent yet methodologically connected research aims - first, to search for the target of the newly identified UPS inhibitor CBU79, and second, to develop a fluorescent cell-based reporter exploiting proteasomal degradation. In the first part of my work, previous findings regarding the molecular mechanisms of CBU79 inhibiton on the UPS were confirmed. In the next step, I characterized how the UPS inhibitor CBU79 affects protein synthesis using the metabolic labelling of proteins based on click chemistry. I also examined the cytotoxic effect of CBU79 treatment on different cell lines. Finally, I performed a CRISPR/Cas9 whole-genome enrichment screen with the aim to find a potential target of the inhibitor. I found out that CBU79 probably decreases levels of protein synthesis by triggering cellular signalling via the unfolded protein response (UPR). Using the screen, I found 22 potential targets of the CBU79 inhibitor that will be...
Study of the mechanism of posttranscriptional and transcriptional transgene silencing in tobacco BY-2 cell line
Čermák, Vojtěch ; Fischer, Lukáš (advisor) ; Moravec, Tomáš (referee)
The RNA interference is a mechanism, which allows cells to regulate their genes functions, to establish and maintain heterochromatin and to defend them against invasive nucleic acids. In plants, RNA interference is initiated by double-stranded RNA, which is processed by Dicer into small RNAs, usually 20-24nt long. These small RNAs form a complex with Argonaut protein that participates in different processes based on sequence complementarity. This complex can guide mRNA cleavage, translation blocking and chromatin modifications, resulting either into posttranscriptional silencing (by preventing translation of already existing mRNA, PTGS) or transcriptional silencing (by preventing transcription of mRNA, TGS). The first step of this thesis was to establish different ways of triggering PTGS and to evaluate their functionality and efficiency. The next step was a preparation of a system which would allow to study the transition from posttrancriptional to transcriptional silencing. These so called "indicator lines" should allow to observe the timing and dynamics of this process by utilizing fluorescent proteins. This system is also going to enable to evaluate, how different factors are involved in this process - one of the factors is RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 (RDR6) which plays an essential role in...
Ubiquitin-proteasome system in studies of its inhibition and its utilization in the cell-based assay measuring viral protease activity
Fürst, Eliška ; Majerová, Taťána (advisor) ; Čermák, Lukáš (referee)
and keywords Abstract and keywords The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is a tightly and specifically regulated system of protein degradation in eukaryotic cells. Inhibition of an UPS component might represent a strategy to control human diseases, including cancer. Modulation of the UPS can also be employed in basic research strategies. This thesis deals with two independent yet methodologically connected research aims - first, to search for the target of the newly identified UPS inhibitor CBU79, and second, to develop a fluorescent cell-based reporter exploiting proteasomal degradation. In the first part of my work, previous findings regarding the molecular mechanisms of CBU79 inhibiton on the UPS were confirmed. In the next step, I characterized how the UPS inhibitor CBU79 affects protein synthesis using the metabolic labelling of proteins based on click chemistry. I also examined the cytotoxic effect of CBU79 treatment on different cell lines. Finally, I performed a CRISPR/Cas9 whole-genome enrichment screen with the aim to find a potential target of the inhibitor. I found out that CBU79 probably decreases levels of protein synthesis by triggering cellular signalling via the unfolded protein response (UPR). Using the screen, I found 22 potential targets of the CBU79 inhibitor that will be...
Study of the mechanism of posttranscriptional and transcriptional transgene silencing in tobacco BY-2 cell line
Čermák, Vojtěch ; Fischer, Lukáš (advisor) ; Moravec, Tomáš (referee)
The RNA interference is a mechanism, which allows cells to regulate their genes functions, to establish and maintain heterochromatin and to defend them against invasive nucleic acids. In plants, RNA interference is initiated by double-stranded RNA, which is processed by Dicer into small RNAs, usually 20-24nt long. These small RNAs form a complex with Argonaut protein that participates in different processes based on sequence complementarity. This complex can guide mRNA cleavage, translation blocking and chromatin modifications, resulting either into posttranscriptional silencing (by preventing translation of already existing mRNA, PTGS) or transcriptional silencing (by preventing transcription of mRNA, TGS). The first step of this thesis was to establish different ways of triggering PTGS and to evaluate their functionality and efficiency. The next step was a preparation of a system which would allow to study the transition from posttrancriptional to transcriptional silencing. These so called "indicator lines" should allow to observe the timing and dynamics of this process by utilizing fluorescent proteins. This system is also going to enable to evaluate, how different factors are involved in this process - one of the factors is RNA-dependent RNA polymerase 6 (RDR6) which plays an essential role in...

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