National Repository of Grey Literature 437 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Deep Learning in Historical Geography
Vynikal, Jakub ; Pacina, Jan
In relation to the rapid development of artificial intelligence, the possibilities of automatic processing of spatial data are increasing. Scanned topographical maps are a valued source of historical information. Neural networks allow us to extract information quickly and efficiently from such data, eliminating the difficult and repetitive work that would otherwise have to be done by a human. The article presents two case studies exploring the possibilities of using deep learning in historical geography. The first one is concerned with detecting and extracting swamps from topographic maps, while the second one attempts to automatically vectorize contours from the State Map 1 : 5 000
Detection of cells in confocal microscopy images
Hubálek, Michal ; Štursa, Dominik (referee) ; Škrabánek, Pavel (advisor)
The goal of the thesis was to create an application that automatically detects healthy cardiomyocytes from images captured by a confocal microscope. The thesis was created based on the specific needs of researchers from the Slovak Academy of Sciences.The application will facilitate and increase the efficiency of their research,because until now they have to evaluate the images and search for suitable cells manually. The RetinaNet convolutional neural network is used for detection and has been implemented in a user-friendly desktop application. The application also automatically records and stores coordinates of detected cells which can be used for capturing cells in higher image quality. Another advantage of the developed application is its versatility, which allows to train detection on other data, making it applicable to other projects. The result of this work is a functional, standalone and intuitive application that is ready to be used by researchers.
A convolutional neural network for image segmentation
Mitrenga, Michal ; Petyovský, Petr (referee) ; Jirsík, Václav (advisor)
The aim of the bachelor thesis is to learn more about the problem of convolutional neural networks and to realize image segmentation. This theme includes the field of computer vision, which is used in systems of artificial intelligence. Special Attention is paid to the image segmentation process. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the basic principles of artificial neural networks, the structure of convolutional neural networks and especially with the description of individual semantic segmentation architectures. The chosen SegNet architecture is used in a practical application along with a pre-learned network. Part of the work is a database of CamVid images, which is used for training. For testing, a custom image database is created. Practical part is focused on CNN training and searching for unsuitable parameters for network learning using SW Matlab.
Advanced scoring of sleep data
Jagošová, Petra ; Novotná, Petra (referee) ; Ronzhina, Marina (advisor)
The master´s thesis is focused on advanced scoring of sleep data, which was performed using deep neural network. Heart rate data and the movement information were used for scoring measured using an Apple Watch smartwatch. After appropriate pre-processing, this data serves as input parameters to the designed networks. The goal of the LSTM network was to classify data into either two groups for sleep and wake or into three groups for wake, Non-REM and REM. The best results were achieved by network doing classification of sleep vs. wake using the accelerometer. The statistical evaluation of this best-designed network reached the values of sensitivity 71,06 %, specificity 57,05 %, accuracy 70,01 % and F1 score 81,42 %.
Detection of foreign objects in X-ray chest images using machine learning methods
Matoušková, Barbora ; Kolář, Radim (referee) ; Chmelík, Jiří (advisor)
Foreign objects in Chest X-ray (CXR) cause complications during automatic image processing. To prevent errors caused by these foreign objects, it is necessary to automatically find them and ommit them in the analysis. These are mainly buttons, jewellery, implants, wires and tubes. At the same time, finding pacemakers and other placed devices can help with automatic processing. The aim of this work was to design a method for the detection of foreign objects in CXR. For this task, Faster R-CNN method with a pre-trained ResNet50 network for feature extraction was chosen which was trained on 4 000 images and lately tested on 1 000 images from a publicly available database. After finding the optimal learning parameters, it was managed to train the network, which achieves 75% precision, 77% recall and 76% F1 score. However, a certain part of the error is formed by non-uniform annotations of objects in the data because not all annotated foreign objects are located in the lung area, as stated in the description.
Enhancement of image quality for security forces
Varga, Adam ; Galáž, Zoltán (referee) ; Burget, Radim (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with image quality enhancement for security forces. Image quality enhancement in this case means increasing the resolution of image data by using super-resolution techniques using models of deep convolutional neural networks. The thesis in its theoretical part describes the principles of the operation of this technique and in its practical part is presented the work with selected state-of-the-art models in the area of super-resolution.
Literature search on fully-automated vehicles
Hipča, Tomáš ; Froehling, Kenneth (referee) ; Sedláček, Pavel (advisor)
Tato práce je zaměřena na autonomní automobily, obsahuje krátkou historii vývoje těchto automobilů, metody, které byly použity, zařízení i algoritmy používané v autonomních automobilech a možnou budoucnost autonomních aut. Práce také obsahuje soupis dostupné literatury na toto téma, obohacené o komentář či názor autora.
Utilization of deep learning for channel estimation in OFDM systems
Hubík, Daniel ; Staněk, Miroslav (referee) ; Miloš, Jiří (advisor)
This paper describes a wireless communication model based on IEEE 802.11n. Typical methods for channel equalisation and estimation are described, such as the least squares method and the minimum mean square error method. Equalization based on deep learning was used as well. Coded and uncoded bit error rate was used as a performance identifier. Experiments with topology of the neural network has been performed. Programming languages such as MATLAB and Python were used in this work.
Improving Bots Playing Starcraft II Game in PySC2 Environment
Krušina, Jan ; Škoda, Petr (referee) ; Smrž, Pavel (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is to create an automated system for playing a real-time strategy game Starcraft II. Learning from replays via supervised learning and reinforcement learning techniques are used for improving bot's behavior. The proposed system should be capable of playing the whole game utilizing PySC2 framework for machine learning. Performance of the bot is evaluated against the built-in scripted AI in the game.
Algorithmic Solution for Determining the Age of a Person Based on 2D Photography Using Artificial Intelligence
Bednář, Pavel ; Goldmann, Tomáš (referee) ; Drahanský, Martin (advisor)
Automated person's age estimation from a facial image is one of the challenges in the field of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Age estimation is often a non-trivial complexity for a person, unlike other biological characteristics such as determining gender or race. Information about an individual's age is very important for certain situations. For example, when committing an offense or crime, the amount of the sentence is co-determined by age. This information can also be used in the analysis of customers of a commercial entity and the subsequent adjustment of the offer. The aim of this work is to be able to extract his age from a photograph of a human face. The algorithm consists of two modules. If the first module says that the person is under 14 years old, the image will go to the second module. Furthermore, another version of the algorithm is proposed with an added module focused on selected facial features. In all modules transformations are performed on the image and their results are averaged. Finally, the algorithm is evaluated on standard datasets for age estimation and compared with state-of-the-art methods in this area.

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