National Repository of Grey Literature 33 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Pressure pipe damage: Numerical estimation of point load effect
Zouhar, Michal ; Hutař, Pavel ; Ševčík, Martin ; Náhlík, Luboš
The most relevant loading conditions for real polymer pipe systems are not only internal pressure, but also loading caused by sand embedding including bending or different kinds of point loads. It has been shown that service lifetime of buried pipes can be reduced especially due to stress concentration caused by external point loads. If the pipe is loaded locally the stress is concentrated here and a crack can initiate at this position or the existing crack can be affected by corresponding stress redistribution. In the paper the effect of the hard indenter, Poisson's ratio, hoop stress level and pipe wall thickness on the crack shape was estimated using numerical simulations of the creep crack propagation based on finite element method. Relation between crack length and crack width was found and expressed by simple relationship. A deeper understanding of the point load effect in order to prevent unexpected failure of the pipelines is of paramount importance for pipeline design.
Multiscale design of advanced materials: The proceedings of the conference of PhD students 2012
Dlouhý, Ivo
The proceedings of the 8th conference of PhD students Multiscale design of advanced materials organised in the frame and with financial support of doctoral project of Czech science Foundation No. 106/09/H035.
Qantum-mechanical study of structural stability of Ni4N allotropes
Hemzalová, P. ; Friák, Martin ; Šob, Mojmír ; Neugebauer, J.
Parameter-free density functional theory (DFT) calculations of Ni4N in eight crystallographic phases were performed using the pseudopotential approach implemented in the VASP code; the exchange-correlation energy was evaluated within the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). In agreement with experiments, the cubic structure with Pearson symbol cP5, space group Pm-3m (221), has been found to be the most stable. It is also the only thermodynamically stable structure at T=0 K with respect to decomposition into elemental Ni crystal and N2 gas phase. We determine structural, thermodynamic, electronic, magnetic and elastic properties of all eight Ni4N allotropes studied. The thermodynamic stability and bulk modulus is found to be anti-correlated. For the cubic allotropes, we predict a complete set of single-crystalline elastic constants, directional dependence of the single-crystalline Young modulus and homogenized polycrystalline elastic moduli.
Study of Influence of Segregated Impurities on Magnetism of Grain Boundaries and Free Surfaces in FCC Nickel and Cobalt
Všianská, Monika ; Vémolová, H. ; Šob, Mojmír
We present an ab initio study of segregation of 12 nonmagnetic sp impurities (Al, Si, P, S, Ga, Ge, As, Se, In, Sn, Sb and Te) at the Sigma5(210) grain boundary (GB) and (210) free surface (FS) in ferromagnetic fcc nickel and cobalt. We analyze their effect on structure, magnetic and mechanical properties. We determine the preferred segregation sites of the impurity atoms, their segregation enthalpies and strengthening/embrittling energies with their decomposition into the chemical and mechanical components. In this contribution, we focused on the influence of segregated impurities on the magnetic moments of neighbouring atoms, the changes in the density of states and why the magnetically dead layers may be present in nickel but not in the cobalt.
Influence of residual stresses in ceramic laminates on the crack propagation
Máša, Bohuslav ; Zouhar, Michal ; Náhlík, Luboš
Příspěvek je zaměřen na lomové chování vrstevnatých keramických kompozitů – Al2O3/ZrO2. Byly uvažovány rozdílné tloušťky vrstev. Reziduální napětí získané v průběhu slinovacího procesu bylo zjištěno a předepsáno v modelech. Byly předpokládány podmínky k nasazení lineární elastické lomové mechaniky. Složky napětí a přetvoření v blízkosti kořene trhliny byly získány numerickým modelováním metodou konečných prvků implementovanou v komerčním software Ansys. K určení součinitele intenzity napětí byly použity analytické vztahy. Článek může přispět k lepšímu porozumění propagace trhliny mezi jednotlivými vrstvami.
Study of ductile damage mechanism for Eurofer97 steel
Stratil, Luděk ; Hadraba, Hynek ; Dlouhý, Ivo
The contribution deals with the investigation of ductile damage mechanisms acting in the EUROFER97 steel. For evaluation of material response to various levels of the stress triaxiality the tests on smooth and notched tensile bars were performed. The broken tensile specimens were fractographically and metallographically analyzed and also a quantitative study of mirco-void initiation and nucleation was performed. The more serve conditions of the stress triaxiality in the notched specimens increase the strength characteristics and lower their fracture strain. The nucleation of the voids by decohesion mechanism and gradual void’s growth form substantial part of damage process of the material, finally rapid void coalescence takes place. The higher stress triaxiality promotes growth of voids and on restricts void’s nucleation.
Modelling of ductile fracture for sub-sized three-point-bend geometry
Stratil, Luděk ; Hadraba, Hynek ; Kozák, Vladislav ; Dlouhý, Ivo
The contribution deals with the simulation of R-curve using complete Gurson model of ductile fracture. The R-curve was experimentally determined for a Eurofer97 steel on sub-sized three-point-bend geometry in previous study. To apply complete Gurson model the parameters describing the voids´ behaviour and characteristic length parameter need to be determined. The nucleation parameters were identified by single specimen method of smooth tensile test specimen and from metallographic examination of fracture micro-mechanism. The characteristic length parameter was derived by fitting load versus deflection curves of sub-sized specimens. The simulations of the tests were carried out by software ABAQUS in Standard and Explicit modules. The identification was supported by parametric studies. Comparing experimental and simulated R-curve the ductile tearing was not successfully achieved. Insufficient calibrated parameters as a result non-uniqueness problem of single specimen method were found.
A simulation of R-curve by complete Gurson model
Stratil, Luděk ; Hadraba, Hynek ; Kozák, Vladislav ; Dlouhý, Ivo
The contribution deals with the simulation of R-curve using completed Gruson model of ductile fracture. The R-curve was experimentally determined for a Eurofer97 steel in previous study. The simulations of the tests were carried out by FEM software ABAQUS 6.11 in Standard and Explicit modules. The Gurson parameters were identified by single specimen method of smooth tensile test specimen and from metallographic examination of fracture micro-mechanism. The identification was supported by parametric studies. Comparing experimental and simulated R-curve the ductile tearing was not successfully achieved. Insufficient calibrated parameters as a result non-uniqueness problem of single specimen method were found.
On a critical geometry of a crack arrested at a bimaterial interface
Ševčík, Martin ; Zouhar, Michal ; Máša, Bohuslav ; Hutař, Pavel ; Náhlík, Luboš
Surface crack propagation in a thin soft protective layer on a massive stiffer substrate is analyzed using generalized linear elastic fracture mechanics. The growth of the initial crack is considered in both forward and sideways directions and the influence of the interface between the protective layer and massive substrate on the final crack configuration is investigated. It is shown that, depending on the elastic mismatch, the part of the crack front can be arrested at the interface protective layer/substrate and the rest of the crack grows continuously sideways only. The effective value of the stress intensity factor is used in order to predict the conditions under which the crack will propagate through the interface into the second material. Corresponding calculations have been made by finite element method.
Investigating ground state of nickel nitrides NiN and Ni2N with the help of quantum-mechanical calculations
Elstnerová, P. ; Friák, Martin ; Šob, Mojmír ; Neugebauer, J.
We have employed quantum mechanical calculations to identify ground-state structures of nickel nitrides NiN and Ni2N for which experimental data are lacking. In total 19 crystalline phases have been calculated for which not only thermodynamic but also structural and selected elastic properties have been determined. Employing density functional theory (DFT) methods, the total energies were calculated by means of a pseudopotential approach implemented in the VASP code and selected states were benchmarked by the full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method implemented in the WIEN2k code. For the exchange-correlation energy the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) has been used.

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