National Repository of Grey Literature 112 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Preservative systems for natural cosmetics
Koblasová, Dana ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Zemanová, Jana (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of naturally derived preservatives against selected microorganisms. Theoretical part is focused on description of the most used natural, naturally derived and synthetic preservatives, on the safety of preservatives and finally, the issue of contamination of cosmetic products by microorganisms. In experimental part, antimicrobial activity of 4 naturally derived preservatives was evaluated against selected microorganisms, which were bacteria Micrococcus luteus, Kocuria rosea, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Serratia marcescens and one yeast Candida vini. The tested preservatives were from MinaSolve company - E-LEEN Green A, which contains pentylene glycol and phenylpropanol, E-LEEN Green OR, which is composed of citrus extracts, citric acid, ascorbic acid and pentylene glycol, Green B, which contains benzoic acid, sodium benzoate and pentylene glycol and Hexam+, which is a mixture of pentylene glycol and hexamidin diisethionate. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by agar diffusion method. The highest antimicrobial activity showed Hexam+, the lowest E-LEEN Green OR. E-LEEN Green A and Green B did not show any antimicrobial activity against any microorganism in the 1% tested concentration. The measured values of the inhibition zones show that the most resistant microorganisms from all the tested in this thesis are Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis and the least resistant are Micrococcus luteus and Kocuria rosea.
Preparation of nanoparticles and nanofibers for application in anti-acne products
Tilšarová, Kamila ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Skoumalová, Petra (advisor)
The diploma thesis was focused on the preparation and characterization of nanoparticles and nanofibres with active substances from chosen herbs with the aim to apply this materials to the products against acne. Various types of extracts were tested on the content of polyphenols, flavonoids and antioxidation activity. These extracts were encapsulated to the liposomes and fibres of polyhydroxybutyrate. Prepared liposomes and fibres were tested mainly on antioxidation activity and antimicrobial activity against the strain Propionibacterium acnes. Then, liposomes were applied to cosmetic emulsions. These creams reported high antioxidation activity and excellent stability determined by analytical centrifugation. Prepared nanofibres also reported high antioxidation activity and antimicrobial effect as well. Finally, particles and fibres were tested in contact with human cells. In appropriate concentration, there was no cytotoxic effect and tested materials can be used in applications on problems with acne.
Study of electrophotocatalytic water disinfenction
Cisáriková, Barbora ; Zita, Jiří (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
This bachelor thesis was focused on the photocatalytic disinfection of water with titanium dioxide applied to the working electrode. The experiment was conducted under normal conditions, with the application of UV-radiation with intensity of 40 W/m2 and with UV radiation and of 1 V electrical voltage at the same time. Each part of the experiment was run for 60 and 120 minutes. The microbicidal effect was monitored on Escherichia coli bacteria.
Infection of salmonelosis, their source and diagnosis.
Valkus, Martin ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Vránová, Dana (advisor)
This bachelor‘s thesis deals with infection of salmonelosis, it’s source, prevention and diagnosis. Theoretical part includes general information about Salmonella species and its morphology. It describes pathogenesis, source of infection, clinical symptoms, treatment and diet recommendations. It analyzes statistics of number of infection occurrences in Czech Republic. It also deals with prevention of infection origin on schools, population foreknowledge and climatic effects. Experimental part of this thesis contains description of optimization procedure of identification Enterobacteriaceae by adjusting of pH of prepared medium MIU.
Characterization of edible films with the potential usage in food packaging
Jančíková, Simona ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
In the last years, the edible packaging has been gaining popularity due to the potential usage as the packaging for food instead of synthetic materials. The edible packaging can positively affect the packaged food by the active properties or due to its intelligent properties can monitor the changes in food. In theory, the legislation about the packaging of food and edible packaging was described. The substances for edible films preparation and additives, which can improve the properties of the edible films, were described too. In this part, the undesirable microorganisms occur in food and the chapters about active and intelligent properties of the edible films were summarized. The main aim of the thesis was the practical preparation of edible packaging/films made from furcellaran, gelatin hydrolysate with the addition of water dried or fresh rosemary extracts in concentrations 5 %, 10 %, and 20 %. In the experimental part, the physical analysis was done – textural parameters such as tensile strength and elongation at break, water content, and thickness. In the chemical analysis the total polyphenols content, determination of polyphenols by HPLC, antioxidant activity, optical properties and antimicrobial activity of the prepared edible films were done. There were found out, that the total polyphenols content and antioxidant activity were the highest in the 20%DR (TPC: 6,79 ± 0,06 mg gallic acid/g; DPPH: 87,84 ± 0,07 %). Also, the 20%DR and 20%FR changed color in different pH (3 and 12). The antimicrobial activity was negative. The thesis showed that the addition of natural extracts to edible films can increase the polyphenols content and they can also work as the UV protector.
Microbial profile of model cheese
Lavičková, Ivana ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This Diploma thesis deals with the identification of microorganisms in samples of experimentally produced cheese. Model samples of cheese were produced in association with a private manufacturer. Raw organic milk was used to make the cheese. The theoretical part provides an overview of the issues such as the characteristics of the cheese, its properties and compounds. A special chapter is dedicated to molecular diagnostic methods, which serve for identification of microorganisms. In the experimental part of the thesis were identified some microorganisms in the samples. A polymerase chain reaction was used. The DNA was isolated from coarse lysates using phenol extraction; it was amplified using specific primers and demonstrated by gel electrophoresis. DNA of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus spp., Lactococcus spp.) and yeast was ascertained in the cheese. The samples do not contain DNA of pathogenic genera Bacillus and Salmonella.
Disposable sensor of ammonium for intelligent packaging
Nentvichová, Aneta ; Kořínková, Radka (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on the problematic of the smart packaging and deals with the preparation of disposable ammonia sensors/indicators and the subsequent color measurement of prepared sensors/indicators using the CIE L* a* b* color space. The theoretical part of the diploma thesis focuses on active and intelligent packaging, using ammonia sensors/indicators. The emphasis is placed on the main components of the sensor/indicator, i.e., chitosan as a polymer and curcumin as a dye. The theoretical part also includes the problematic of meat degradation, which plays a very important role in this thesis. The experimental part was divided into two parts. The first part was to prepare layers that will respond in different colors based on the concentrations of ammonia. Prepared layers were sensitive to ammonia across all concentrations, and based on this result, ascorbic acid was applied to compositions to achieve a calibration retention of the selected amount of ammonia. The second minor part of the experiment was the application of selected layers to packages with real meat.
Comparison of aroma profile of fruit distillates
Koubek, Miroslav ; Veselá, Mária (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This master thesis deals with the assessment of aroma active compounds in fruit spirits. In the theoretical part the production technology of fruit spirits from raw materials to final product is described. Furthermore, aroma active substances are characterized, and the method for their determination by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry is described. The aim of the experimental part was the identification of volatile substances in different kinds of fruit spirits. Aromatic compounds were identified by the SPME-GC-MS. Domestic fruit spirits obtained from private growers were used as model samples. The differences in the number and type of volatile compounds were found between the samples. Overall 53 volatile compounds were identified. These were composed of 25 esters, 9 alcohols, 5 aldehydes, 4 alkenes, 2 ketones, 1 carboxylic acid and 7 other compounds.
Study of bioactive compounds of fennel
Mierna, Jana ; Skoumalová, Petra (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
The master´s thesis is focused on the study of biologically active compounds of fennel. The theoretical part describes basic characteristics of fennel and its chemical composition, further specifies plant´s biological active substances and antioxidants, also describes extraction techniques for obtaining these bioactive compounds, methods of their determination and verification of antimicrobial effect. In the experimental part were spectrophotometrically determined contents of polyphenols and flavonoids in the prepared extracts of fennel tea, whole and crush spice. On the basis of extraction curves, antioxidant activity and potential antimicrobial activity against the selected microorganisms Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Serratia marcescens a Micrococcus luteus was determined in the samples with the highest values of the given bioactive substances. Among the all monitored extracts, the inhibitory effect was showed only by an aqueous extract of the fennel tea against the bacterial strain of Micrococcus luteus.
Smart food polymer layers
Valíková, Michaela ; Kovalčík, Adriána (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
Smart packaging represents a group of packaging with great potential when used in the food industry. Active packaging can have a positive effect on the condition of stored food and smart packaging can inform consumers about the condition of stored food. In the theoretical part, a search was made on the topic of packaging in the food industry, with emphasis on active and intelligent packaging, including the legislative framework. The substances from which smart packaging is made have been described. In the experimental part, partially water¬insoluble polymer layers were prepared from gelatin, glycerol, crosslinking agent and anthocyanin extract. Glutaraldehyde or tannic acid was used as a crosslinking agent. Anthocyanins were obtained by extraction from red cabbage. The total concentration of anthocyanins in the extract was determined by the difference method. For prepared layers, their water solubility was measured and the colour response to the pH environment was evaluated spectrophotometrically. The stability of the layers over time was also monitored. It was found that the prepared layers are able respond to changes in pH.

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