National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Categorial Ontology Introduced by Aristotle and Edward Jonathan Lowe.
PRIEHRADNÁ, Markéta
This thesis aims to compare two ontologies regarding their ontological status of universals, namely the Aristotle's one and the Lowe's one. The first part deals with the extension of research of the being, in which the problem of universals plays a key role. The following chapters analyse the ontologies of Aristotle and Lowe with respect to their individual deficiencies. The last section compares the acquired data and describes the differences between the two ontologies. In Aristotle's approach these seem to be the ten categories of the basic entities, while in Lowe's approach there are four categories from the ontological square which may be qualified as basic beings. The last section also deals with other differences of the two ontologies, such as hylomorphism and the connection between universals and particulars.
Onto-Logic Conception and Critic of Existence by William F. Vallicella
PRIEHRADNÁ, Markéta
Our concern is to deal with the notion of existence and its status in onto-logical approach among analytic philosophers of the last century. As a draft of this critique we are using works of american philosopher William F. Vallicella, especially his three works: A Critique of the Quantificational Account of Existence (1983), A Paradigm Theory of Existence: Onto-Theology Vindicated (2002) and Existence: Two Dogmas of Analysis (2014). We criticise and analyse the philosophical view which suggests that to exist is what instantiation of existence is. This view is established in the works of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell and Willard V. O. Quine. We also cope with the Vallicella's critique of ontology, which validates the statements about non-existent objects, and with his critique of existence being a first order property.

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